Unit 3A & 3B

Minerals and the Rock Cycle Learning Target's: 

  • rocks on Earth are formed from different processes and are classified by physical and chemical properties based on their formation.

  • rocks move on and under Earth’s crust and change from one type into another due to this movement and exposure to heat and pressure.

    • minerals have a specific physical composition.

      • examples of minerals:  calcite, talc, quartz, pyrite

    • rocks are composed of a mixture of minerals.

      • examples of rocks: granite, limestone, slate, marble

    • that Moh’s scale is used to test a mineral’s hardness.

    • the types of rocks formed during each process in the rock cycle.

Critical Vocabulary:





~Physical property





~Rock cycle

Plate Tectonics and Geological Events Learning Target's: 

  • physical characteristics of the Earth determine how it is structured and undergoes change.

  • the motion within the layers of the Earth result in changes that can be seen and felt on the surface of the Earth.

  • the properties of the structural layers of the Earth:  density, composition, temperature, thickness, and state of matter

  • Earth’s major plates:  Eurasian, African, Indo-Australian, Pacific, North American, and South American

  • convection currents cause the continuous movement of Earth’s plates

  • interactions between oceanic-oceanic, oceanic-continental, and  continental- continental plates are determined by density

Critical Vocabulary: 

~Inner core

~Outer core





~Tectonic plate

~Plate boundary

~Convergent boundary

~Divergent boundary

~Transform boundary

~Convection current


~Geological event


~Ocean basin

~Volcanic eruption

~Mountain building