Now that the revised "draft" proposals have been revealed, we might have hoped to see some of the major errors corrected. However, while on first inspection, there only appears to have been minor tweaking at best, new errors have been introduced. The documents are not even consistent between themselves. For example :
Review of Education Provision Salen and Lochdonhead Primary School (as published 19/11/2010 - available here)
BUT in REVIEW OF THE SCHOOL ESTATE – Financial impact
|| Total (pre-Amalgamation)
| Post Amalgamation
| Saving / (Cost)
| Staff Costs
| Property Costs
| Supplies, Services and Travel
| Additional Transport
| Reduction in small schools grant
- (Appendix 2) - (as published 19/11/2010 - available here)
Which is right? Certainly it is nowhere near the most significant discrepancy in the documents, but it amounts to nearly £200,000 over the council's chosen frame of reference. When the future of so many communities lies in the balance, attention to detail would seem appropriate.
| Net Annual
Alternative title “Can
they possibly make it any worse?”
As outlined below, John Swinney today
announced the Scottish Government's plan to tackle next year's
Scottish Budget and the cuts imposed by the reduction in Block Grant.
The major items affecting Argyll's
proposals to close over 20 rural schools are.......
- The overall cut in Argyll &
Bute's Revenue Grant will be 2.6% (around £6 million).
This is less than Argyll have been planning for in terms of the
savings they will have to make. There is a suggestion that all
highly paid staff will take a pay freeze. This will reduce further
the requirements to make savings in other areas.
- There are conditions
attached to the cut only being 2.6% If Argyll & Bute do not agree to these conditions the cut will be 6.4% (around £15 million). One
of the major conditions is a maintenance of the teacher : pupil ratio
in primary schools for P1-3, maintaining teacher numbers and reducing teacher
unemployment. Argyll's Education Review proposals involve reducing
teacher numbers by at least 31 or over 8% of the total. Nearly all
the proposals involve an increase in class size for at least one of
the groups of pupils involved and several involve the creation of
class sizes bang on the legal limit. The retention of promoted posts
as teachers and the school closures will sizeably reduce Argyll's
ability to take on newly qualified teachers. It is difficult to see how implementation of these proposals could be seen as Argyll complying with the terms for the low Grant reduction based on the statements made today by the Government.
- Given that the Government have given a commitment to maintaining
primary teacher numbers as much as possible it is politically
impossible for them to cut the Primary School Teaching Staff (PSTS)
funding in the Green Book calculation by any appreciable amount. The
secondary indicator on this line is what Argyll call the Small Rural
Schools Grant. It is directly linked to the amount allocated for
primary teachers as a whole. It is impossible
to make a convincing argument that GAE for rural schools will fall as a result
of the cuts.
announcement of the possibility of negotiations over teachers' pay
and conditions may mean that rural schools could be staffed using
more innovative methods, retaining both schools and teacher numbers
in a more cost effective manner.
If, as is rumoured, the new
proposals have already been prepared on the same basis as the
original reports, it is likely they will:
- Be working off the
wrong baseline figure for cuts
- Be reducing teacher
numbers which could lead to the loss of around £9 million in income
- Be calculating GAE on
the wrong basis (again)
- Be presuming a
requirement for cuts which may never be needed.
From the Scottish Government
A deal with COSLA and an agreement with universities and colleges has protected teaching jobs and student places, despite the tough decisions that have had to be taken on spending, Education Secretary Michael Russell said today.
The majority of education spending is part of the local government settlement which is held by local authorities who are seeing a cut of just 2.6 per cent in their budget. The central education budget will reduce in revenue terms by 6.8 per cent while the capital budget falls by 28.9 per cent. A total reduction of £233.8 million produces a budget of £2583.6 million for 2011/12.
The savings, to be achieved primarily by cutting bureaucracy and tackling inefficiency, will enable teaching jobs to be protected by securing vacancies for the number of teachers finishing probation in 2011 and a further real reduction in longer term teacher unemployment as agreed with the COSLA leadership.
Protecting frontline services allowed the Scottish Government to:
* agree with colleges and universities that the total number of student places will be protected
* save the educational grants for school pupils (Educational Maintenance Allowances (EMAs)) which were cut south of the border
* maintain pupil teacher ratios in P1 to P3 as part of agreement with COSLA
* create a new Early Years and Early Intervention Fund, with start-up funding of £5 million
* guarantee existing levels of living costs support for students in college and university
* protect the main research excellence grant for universities in cash terms
Other Budget priorities include providing £20 million for Scotland's Schools for the Future to maintain our commitment to building new schools across Scotland.
Education Secretary Michael Russell said:
"We have worked very hard with our partners in local government, further and higher education, the unions and public bodies to look at every possible way of making savings by targeting duplication, non-priority work and inefficiencies. This is where we have cut first to protect frontline education services and the money in students' pockets.
"The budgets for the Scottish Funding Council, Learning and Teaching Scotland, the Scottish Qualifications Authority and Skills Development Scotland have reduced but without detriment to access to higher or further education, the number of core university and college places, the implementation of Curriculum for Excellence or support for the unemployed.
"The agreement with COSLA on teacher employment is a significant achievement. The 2,800 probationary teachers leaving education training this year will have the same number of job opportunities available to them. More jobs will also be created so we can make a significant contribution to tackling longer term teacher unemployment.
"Equally, colleges and universities have agreed to preserve the same number of college and university places and the Scottish Government has ensured every student from school, college or university can access university based on the ability to learn and not the ability to pay.
"Tough decisions did have to be taken but we have worked with the sectors, local government and unions to secure spend in priority areas to support economic growth.
"We remain committed to giving every child the best start in life, raising standards in teaching and learning, providing strong and better learning opportunities for school leavers, protecting access to education on the ability to learn and not the ability to pay, and supporting skills development that benefits current and future workforces."
The reduction to the Education and Lifelong Learning budget is £233.8 million. The resource budget for the Education and Lifelong Learning portfolio will reduce by £168 million and capital budgets by £65.8 million.
In addition - in the Local Government & Communities Statement:
Education - Maintaining the commitment to delivery of the outcomes for children and young people and to implementation of the Early Years Framework and Curriculum for Excellence: maintaining the pupil-teacher ratio in P1-P3; protecting the number of teacher posts; working jointly with teacher unions to find a way forward on teachers' pay and related issues that will ensure delivery of objectives in this area and control total pay costs
Over the last few days SRSN has being going through the proposal documents, in conjunction with the council's staffing formula, and tabulating the implications for teacher numbers and class sizes in each group of closures. This information can be seen here
This information is provisional, and will be updated as more detail becomes available. However it is immediately clear that in nearly every case, children from the closing schools will be going into much larger classes, and that a very substantial number of teaching posts will be lost - at least 31 FTE (full time equivalent) out of a total of 57 FTE currently employed in the closing schools. In many cases there also substantial class size increases for the receiving school's children.
Over the next few days we will be using this information to look at a number of issues in much more detail.
With a wholesale (but unsupported) attack on the ability of Argyll & Bute's small schools to deliver the curriculum, and current teaching staff unable to speak out, it is immensely helpful to hear from a recently retired head teacher - on this subject and on the validity of the occupancy figures made so much of the the council. In a letter to The Buteman
(full story and letter here
) Mr Brian Davidson, Head Teacher at North Bute for 21 years until 2008 writes:
Firstly, on the question of occupancy, the proposal states that "in both of these schools the expected occupancy rates for 2011/12 will be 50 per cent or below". You may well ask, "50 per cent or below" of what exactly? How and when was the maximum occupancy rate calculated for each school?
The figure was in fact arrived at decades ago, when primary education embraced a much narrower curriculum than now, and pupils were allocated less space per individual than they require now that they are involved in the active learning approaches implicit in Curriculum for Excellence.
The simple fact is that increasing the occupancy rate of any primary school in the present circumstances would make implementation of Curriculum for Excellence more difficult, and increasing it to anywhere near its presently calculated maximum would make implementing Curriculum for Excellence extremely difficult, if not impossible.
Mr Davidson goes to write:
While I have absolutely no doubt that pupils of the latter-named school [Rothsay Joint Campus] receive an excellent education, the same is true of North Bute, and for the council to try to put up a smokescreen of educational reasons to blur the sole purpose of the closure plans - i.e. financial savings - is, in my view, unethical. These alleged "educational benefits" can certainly be challenged, and undoubtedly will be, should the proposal proceed.
There seems also to be an implication in the proposal document that pupils in a small school have an inferior educational experience. I would strongly dispute that suggestion. A small school can provide an environment which is of a manageable scale in the perception of a very young child, where everyone knows everyone else and school really does become an extended family.
We make no apology for returning to the subject of Argyll & Bute Council's claim that the proposed raft of school closures is all about saving money from property costs of small schools spread across the countryside. Sandy Longmuir points to the following sentence from para 3.3 on the opening page of the Financial Impact
"Whilst it can be seen from this document that the majority of savings identified would derive from reductions in property costs and some small reductions in the number of teaching staff, the Council would continue to meet its statutory and Concordat commitments with regards to maximum class sizes." (our emphasis)
The document then goes on (page 8) to give the total savings breakdown:
| Potential Staff Savings
||Potential Property Savings
|| Extra Travel Costs
|| GAE Reduction
|| Net Annual Saving
Even before taking in to account the additional transport costs or GAE reduction, the staff savings are over 3 1/2 times the property savings, after allowing for these claimed savings arise from ENTIRELY FROM STAFF REDUCTIONS - at least 31 full time equivalent teachers (before taking Parklands staff losses into account) .
It is extraordinary that within the same document the council first claims that the majority of the savings come from property costs and then clearly lays exactly opposing facts. It suggests a breathtaking level of cynicism where documents that are obviously nonsense can be published, safe in the knowledge that the readership of the documents is of no consequence.
is a denominational school in Campbeltown.
According to para 2.5 of the closure proposal document
the school roll was 5 in the year 2009/10 ,and 0 in 2010/11. Para 2.5 goes on to say "St Kieran’s is now empty due to voluntary transfer of the remaining children to Castlehill and Dalintober."
HMIE inspected the school in November 2009, when there were six pupils.
The first minor confusion occurs in para 4.24 which states "St Kieran’s has had no pupils for the last two years and has had no community lets during that time."
Moving on, Para 3.3 states that the cost per pupil of St Kieran's is £125,908 - odd with no pupils but ...
Para 4.27 claims that the reduction in staff costs resulting from amalgamation of St Kieran's (no pupils) with nearby Castlehill (187 pupils) will be £161,873 annually. After allowing for administrative, janitorial and catering staff costs, this equates pretty well to a saving of three full time teachers.
Given that there are no pupils at St Kieran's and no resulting change in pupil numbers at Castlehill, what are these teachers doing at the moment?
The answer of course is that there are not three staff posts (nor £161,873 pa) to be saved from this amalgamation at all. The council had allowed for there being a few pupils at St Kieran's in 2010/11 - but as explained, they have already gone elsewhere, but 1.35 FTE (full time equivalent) teaching staff + support staff were budgeted for - but are not in fact now required. At the same time (but in no way dependent on this process) the council plan to reduce the number of classes at Castlehill from the current 9 to the 7 shown in para 3.7.
The claimed staff saving of £161,873 from the St Kieran's closure (a significant proportion of the £1.9m claimed for the whole Education Review) has either already been saved, or arises from changes un-related to the proposals - this is a phenomenon which we have seen elsewhere in these proposals, and to which we will return.
S3M-07348 Jackie Baillie (Dumbarton) (Scottish Labour): Argyll and Bute School Closures
That the Parliament is disappointed to note that Argyll and Bute Council is proposing to close four primary schools in the Helensburgh and Lomond area as part of a wider programme of closing 26 schools across the authority over the next year; considers that the resulting amalgamations will cause young children to have long commutes to school, will threaten teaching quality and teaching jobs and will have a negative impact on rural communities; further notes that one of the schools threatened is a special educational needs school; believes that proper account has not been taken of the future demand for education due to the planned increase of capacity at HMNB Clyde; further believes that the financial savings that would be generated by the school closures are outweighed by the cost to children's education and teacher employment and by the impact on these rural communities, and therefore urges Argyll and Bute Council to maintain all four schools, namely Luss Primary School, Kilcreggan Primary School, Rosneath Primary School and Parklands School.
Lodged on Thursday, November 04, 2010
Scottish Parliament Official Report 4 November 2010
3. Jamie McGrigor (Highlands and Islands) (Con): To ask the Scottish Executive what action it will take to prevent the closure of rural primary schools in Argyll and Bute. (S3O-11761)
The Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning (Michael Russell): Argyll and Bute Council is responsible for decisions on school closures in its area, in accordance with legal requirements, and the democratically elected local councillors will be accountable for the decisions that they take. As members will be aware, the council has postponed its decision and has asked officers to complete further work on the proposals.
As the member knows, the Schools (Consultation) (Scotland) Act 2010, which was proposed by this Government, establishes a presumption against the closure of rural schools by ensuring that a decision by a council to consult on a closure proposal is only a last resort. Argyll and Bute Council must, like all councils, follow the robust consultation process set out in that act, and if there is strong evidence that that has not been properly done, Scottish ministers will call in and could refuse consent to any closure decisions.
Jamie McGrigor: I am glad to hear that. Is the cabinet secretary aware of the anger felt by parents and communities throughout Argyll and Bute at the council's shocking plans to close 26 primary schools? Many of those people are already questioning the basis for the proposals and whether the council has genuinely explored all the other options before considering what should be the last resort of closure. Does he agree that rural primary schools such as Southend, Glenbarr, Barcaldine, Keills, Ulva, Luing and all the others are fundamental to the socioeconomic fabric of fragile rural and island communities and that government at all levels should be working to support them? Finally, will he assure local parents that he is doing so?
Michael Russell: I am very pleased that the 2010 act, which members unanimously supported, empowers parents in precisely these circumstances and that that empowerment is being assisted by other groups. I pay tribute to the Scottish National Party group on the council, which decided to press the other councillors for a delay, and I am glad that the councillors agreed to it. I praise the rural schools network on its information campaign, which has laid bare some of the arguments on the importance of providing information, and the website forargyll.com on its tremendous job in bringing together information. Most of all, I praise the communities themselves. They need to know about the rights, protections and defence that they have through the 2010 act, which, as I say, was introduced by this Administration. When any such proposals are made, they should be well-informed proposals of last resort. Even then, communities have substantial rights that they should know about, and I am taking steps to ensure that that information is available to every rural community in Scotland.