The mosquito population is responsible for spreading infectious diseases throughout the world, including West Nile Virus.
If you are aware of any mosquito breeding grounds in Socorro County, please contact our office immediately.
Zika is the virus that causes Zika virus infection. The virus is mainly spread to people through the bite of an infected mosquito. Only certain kinds of mosquitoes are able to transmit the virus that can cause disease. About four out of five people infected with Zika virus will have no signs or symptoms of illness. The people who do become ill may have fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Symptoms are usually mild and last from a few days to a week. It is rare for a person with Zika virus infection to become severely ill or be hospitalized.
Although more investigation is needed, there is evidence that Zika virus infection causes birth defects or miscarriage in some pregnant women who are exposed early in their pregnancies. There have also been reports of Guillain-Barré syndrome following Zika virus infection. Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare but serious disorder that affects nerves and can cause a number of complications including paralysis, respiratory distress, and rarely death.
The best mosquito control program reduces breeding areas, routine larviciding (killing the baby mosquitoes) in those breeding areas that cannot be eliminated, and adulticiding (killing adult mosquitoes) only when and where necessary.
Mosquitoes have four life stages – eggs, larvae, pupae, adults. Since three of the stages (eggs, larvae, pupae) are found in water, eliminating water sources that can breed mosquitoes eliminates the chances of mosquitoes biting, and thus disease transmission.
Tips for reducing water sources and breeding grounds include the following:
- Pickup and haul away all trash piles, broken down appliances, junk cars, bottles and cans and any other household items in your yard.
- Avoid creating open water or standing water areas or containers around your house such as large puddles, open water tanks, open or damaged water pipes, tires, etc. that may pool water and lead to mosquito breeding.
- Fill all holes in your trees where water pools
- Drill holes in the bottom of tire swings for drainage.
- Empty or change your pet's water dishes, bird baths, horse troughs at least once a week
- Keep your gutters clear and clean
- Avoid the accumulation of decaying material and garbage around your yard
- Cover your water tanks
- Support nature enemies of mosquitoes such as birds, frogs, lizards and even fish in your yard.
- Fix any low spots on your property that may hold water for a long time.