Middle School Social Studies


Instructor:  Mrs. Williams
Contact Information:  (727) 544-1106




Diocese of St. Petersburg Middle School

Social Studies Standards


Grade 5

Benchmark Coding Scheme

SS.5.A.1.1

 

Subject Grade Level Strand Big Idea/

Standard

Benchmark

Strand Key:

A ~ American History

G ~ Geography

E ~ Economics

C ~ Civics and Government

 

 

 

 

In addition to the Body of Knowledge Key you will also see Diocesan Related Benchmarks.  These are identified by the following Key:

 

R = Religion Standards/Catechism of the Catholic Church

H = Health Education Standards

LA = Language Arts Standards

MA = Mathematics Standards

SC = Science

SE = Safe Environment Standards

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Big Idea/Standard 1: Historical Inquiry and Analysis

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.A.1.1

Use primary and secondary sources to understand history.

 

SS.5.A.1.2

Utilize timelines to identify and discuss American History time periods.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.5.1.7.2

Identify the author’s purpose

 

M.A.5.a.2.4

Compare and order integers, including integers shown on a number line

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Big Idea/Standard 2: Pre-Columbian North America

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.A.2.1

Compare cultural aspects of ancient American civilizations (Aztecs/Mayas; Mound Builders /Anasazi/Inuit).

 

SS.5.A.2.2

Identify Native American tribes from different geographic regions of North America (cliff dwellers and Pueblo people of the desert Southwest, coastal tribes of the Pacific Northwest, nomadic nations of the Great Plains, woodland tribes east of the Mississippi River).

 

SS.5.A.2.3

 

Compare cultural aspects of Native American tribes from different geographic regions of North America including but not limited to clothing, shelter, food, major beliefs and practices, music, art, and interactions with the environment.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.5.1.7.7

Compare and contrast elements in multiple texts

 

SC.5.L.17.1

Compare and contrast adaptations displayed by animals and plants that enable them to survive in different environments such as life cycles variations, animal behaviors and physical characteristics.

 

R.C.2.97

Examines the many ways an individual’s personal growth is influenced by heredity and environment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Big Idea/Standard 3: Exploration and Settlement of North America

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.A.3.1

Describe technological developments that shaped European exploration.

 

SS.5.A.3.2

Investigate (nationality, sponsoring country, motives, dates and routes of travel, accomplishments) the European explorers.

 

SS.5.A.3.3

 

Describe interactions among Native Americans, Africans, English, French, Dutch, and Spanish for control of North America.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.5.2.1.8

Explain changes in the vocabulary and language patterns of literary texts written across historical periods

 

MA.5.S.1.1

Construct, analyze frequency tables, bar graphs, pictographs from data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Big Idea/Standard 4: Colonization of North America

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.A.4.1

Identify the economic, political, and socio-cultural motivation for colonial settlement.

 

SS.5.A.4.2

Compare characteristics of New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.

 

SS.5.A.4.3

Identify significant individuals responsible for the development of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.

 

SS.5.A.4.4

Demonstrate an understanding of political, economic, and social aspects of daily colonial life in the thirteen colonies.

 

SS.5.A.4.5

 

Explain the importance of Triangular Trade linking Africa, the West Indies, the British Colonies, and Europe.

 

SS.5.A.4.6

Describe the introduction, impact, and role of slavery in the colonies.

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Big Idea/Standard 4: Colonization of North America

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.5.2.1.2

Locate and analyze the elements of plot structure, including exposition, setting, character development, rising/falling actions, problem/resolution, and theme in a variety of fiction

 

LA.5.2.1.8

Explain changes in the vocabulary and language patterns of literary texts written across historical periods

 

MA.5.S.1.5

Use computer programs to graph data

 

R.C.2.80

Presents evidence from current events and communications media of how human life is sometimes degraded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Big Idea/Standard 5: American Revolution & Birth of a New Nation

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.A.5.1

Identify and explain significant events leading up to the American Revolution.

 

SS.5.A.5.2

Identify significant individuals and groups who played a role in the American Revolution

 

SS.5.A.5.3

Explain the significance of historical documents including key political concepts, origins of these concepts, and their role in American independence.

 

SS.5.A.5.4

Examine and explain the changing roles and impact of significant women during the American Revolution.

 

SS.5.A.5.5

Examine and compare major battles and military campaigns of the American Revolution.

 

SS.5.A.5.6

Identify the contributions of foreign alliances and individuals to the outcome of the Revolution.

 

SS.5.A.5.7

Explain economic, military and political factors which led to the end of the Revolutionary War.

 

SS.5.A.5.8

Evaluate the personal and political hardships resulting from the American Revolution.

 

SS.5.A.5.9

Discuss the impact and significance of land policies (Northwest Ordinance of 1787) developed under the Confederation Congress.

 

SS.5.A.5.10

Examine the significance of the Constitution including its key political concepts, origins of those concepts, and their role in American democracy.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.5.2.1.9

Use interests and recommendations of others to select a balance of age and ability appropriate fiction materials to read

 

LA.5.2.2.2

Use information from the text to answer questions related to explicitly stated main ideas or relevant details

 

LA.5.2.2.4

Identify the characteristics of a variety of types of text

 

LA.5.4.2.2

Records information related to a topic, including visual aids to organize and record information on charts, data tables, maps and graphs

 

MA.5.S.1.5

Use computer programs to graph data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Big Idea/Standard 6: Growth and Westward Expansion

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.A.6.1

Describe the causes and effects of the Louisiana Purchase.

 

SS.5.A.6.2

Identify roles and contributions of significant people during the period of westward expansion.

 

SS.5.A.6.3

 

Examine 19th century advancements (canals, roads, steamboats, flat boats, overland wagons, Pony Express, railroads) in transportation and communication.

 

SS.5.A.6.4

Explain the importance of the explorations west of the Mississippi River.

 

SS.5.A.6.5

Identify the causes and effects of the War of 1812.

 

SS.5.A.6.6

Explain how westward expansion affected Native Americans.

 

SS.5.A.6.7

Discuss the concept of Manifest Destiny.

 

SS.5.A.6.8

Describe the causes and effects of the Missouri Compromise.

 

SS.5.A.6.9

Describe the hardships of settlers along the overland trails to the west.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.5.1.7.1

Explain the purpose of text features, use prior knowledge to make and confirm predictions, and establish a purpose for reading

 

LA.5.1.7.4

Identify cause-and-effect relationships in text

 

SC.5.E.7.6

Describe characteristics (temperature and precipitation) of different climate zones as they relate to latitude, elevation, and proximity to bodies of water.

 

SC.5.P.9.1

Investigate and describe that many physical and chemical changes are affected by temperature.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Big Idea/Standard 1: The World in Spatial Terms

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.G.1.1

Interpret current and historical information using a variety of geographic tools.

 

SS.5.G.1.2

Use latitude and longitude to locate places.

 

SS.5.G.1.3

Identify major United States physical features on a map of North America.

 

SS.5.G.1.4

Construct maps, charts, and graphs to display geographic information.

 

SS.5.G.1.5

Identify and locate the original thirteen colonies on a map of North America.

 

SS.5.G.1.6

Locate and identify states, capitals, and United States Territories on a map.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

MA.5.S.1.4

Use ordered pairs to name and plot points on a grid

 

MA.5.S.1.5

Use computer programs to graph data

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Big Idea/Standard 2: Places and Regions

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.G.2.1

Describe the push-pull factors (economy, natural hazards, tourism, climate, physical features) that influenced boundary changes within the United States.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Big Idea/Standard 3: Environment and Society

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.G.3.1

 

Describe the impact that past natural events have had on human and physical environments in the United States through 1850.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

SC.5.L.17.1

Compare and contrast adaptations displayed by animals and plants that enable them to survive in different environments such as life cycles variations, animal behaviors and physical characteristics.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Big Idea/Standard 4: Uses of Geography

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.G.4.1

Use geographic knowledge and skills when discussing current events.

 

SS.5.G.4.2

 

Use geography concepts and skills such as recognizing patterns, mapping, graphing to find solutions for local, state, or national problems.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

MA.5.G.1.8

Convert units within metric and customary systems

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Big Idea/Standard 1: Market Economy

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.E.1.1

Identify how trade promoted economic growth in North America from pre-Columbian times to 1850.

 

SS.5.E.1.2

 

Describe a market economy and give examples of how the colonial and early American economy exhibited these characteristics.

 

SS.5.E.1.3

Trace the development of technology and the impact of major inventions on business productivity during the early development of the United States.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

MA.5.S.1.1

Construct, analyze frequency tables, bar graphs, pictographs from data

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Big Idea/Standard 2: The International Economy

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.E.2.1

 

Recognize the positive and negative effects of voluntary trade among Native Americans, European explorers, and colonists.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

R.C.2.116

Discusses the value of recognizing diversity in cultures and promotes the attitude of understanding towards all people.

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Big Idea/Standard 1: Foundations of Government, Law, and the American Political System

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.C.1.1

Explain how and why the United States government was created.

 

SS.5.C.1.2

Define a constitution and discuss its purposes.

 

SS.5.C.1.3

Explain the definition and origin of rights.

 

SS.5.C.1.4

 

Identify the Declaration of Independence's grievances and Articles of Confederation's weaknesses.

 

SS.5.C.1.5

 

Describe how concerns about individual rights led to the inclusion of the Bill of Rights in the U.S. Constitution.

 

SS.5.C.1.6

Compare Federalist and Anti-Federalist views of government

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.5.1.6.1

Use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly

 

LA.5.1.6.9

Determine the correct meaning of words with multiple meanings in context

 

LA.5.1.7.5

Identify the text structure an author uses and explain how it impacts meaning in text

 

R.C.2.101

Defines the steps in making moral judgments

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Big Idea/Standard 2: Civic and Political Participation

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.C.2.1

 

Differentiate political ideas of Patriots, Loyalists, and "undecided's" during the American Revolution.

 

SS.5.C.2.2

Compare forms of political participation in the colonial period to today.

 

SS.5.C.2.3

Analyze how the Constitution has expanded voting rights from our nation's early history to today.

 

SS.5.C.2.4

 

Evaluate the importance of civic responsibilities in American democracy.

 

SS.5.C.2.5

Identify ways good citizens go beyond basic civic and political responsibilities to improve government and society.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.5.1.7.7

Compare and contrast elements in multiple texts

 

RC.2.102

Defines valuing.

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Big Idea/Standard 3: Structure and Functions of Government

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.5.C.3.1

 

Describe the organizational structure and powers of the federal government as defined in Articles I, II, and III of the U.S. Constitution.

 

SS.5.C.3.2

Explain how popular sovereignty, rule of law, separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism, and individual rights limit the powers of the federal government as expressed in the Constitution and Bill of Rights.

 

SS.5.C.3.3

Give examples of powers granted to the federal government and those reserved for the states.

 

SS.5.C.3.4

Describe the amendment process as defined in Article V of the Constitution and give examples.

 

SS.5.C.3.5

Identify the fundamental rights of all citizens as enumerated in the Bill of Rights.

 

SS.5.C.3.6

Examine the foundations of the United States legal system by recognizing the role of

the courts in interpreting law and settling conflicts.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.5.2.2.1

Locate, explain and use information from text features

 

 

 

 

Grade 6

Benchmark Coding Scheme

SS.6.A.1.1

Subject Grade Level Strand Standard Benchmark

Strand Key:

G ~ Geography

E ~ Economics

C ~ Civics and Government

W ~ World History

 

 

In addition to the Body of Knowledge Key you will also see Diocesan Related Benchmarks.  These are identified by the following Key:

 

R = Religion Standards/Catechism of the Catholic Church

H = Health Education Standards

LA = Language Arts Standards

MA = Mathematics Standards

SC = Science

SE = Safe Environment Standards

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 1: Understand how to use maps and other geographic representations, tools and technology to report information.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.G.1.1

 

Use latitude and longitude coordinates to understand the relationship between people and places on the Earth.

 

SS.6.G.1.2

 

Analyze the purposes of map projections (political, physical, special purpose) and explain the applications of various types of maps.

 

SS.6.G.1.3

Identify natural wonders of the ancient world.

 

SS.6.G.1.4

Utilize tools geographers use to study the world.

 

SS.6.G.1.5

 

Use scale, cardinal, and intermediate directions, and estimation of distances between places on current and ancient maps of the world.

 

SS.6.G.1.6

 

Use a map to identify major bodies of water of the world and explain ways they have impacted the development of civilizations.

 

SS.6.G.1.7

 

Use maps to identify characteristics and boundaries of ancient civilizations that have shaped the world today.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.6.6.1.1

Explain how text features (e.g., charts, maps, diagrams, sub-headings, captions, illustrations, graphs) aid the reader’s understanding;

 

SC.6.E.6.2

Recognize that there are a variety of different landforms on Earth’s surface such as coastlines, dunes, rivers, mountains, glaciers, deltas, and lakes and relate these landforms as they apply to Florida

 

MA.6.A.3.6

Use a variety of methods to solve multi-step problems, using charts, tables, and drawings.

 

MA.6.G.2.1

 

Measure, estimate and compare length, capacity, and weight in customary and metric units.

 

MA.6.G.2.4

Effectively use a ruler to measure customary and metric units.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 2: Understand physical and cultural characteristics of places.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.G.2.1

 

Explain how major physical characteristics, natural resources, climate, and absolute and relative locations have influenced settlement, interactions, and the economies of ancient civilizations of the world.

 

SS.6.G.2.2

 

Differentiate between continents, regions, countries, and cities in order to understand the complexities of regions created by civilizations.

 

SS.6.G.2.3

Analyze the relationship of physical geography to the development of ancient river valley civilizations.

 

SS.6.G.2.4

Explain how the geographical location of ancient civilizations contributed to the culture and politics of those societies.

 

SS.6.G.2.5

Interpret how geographic boundaries invite or limit interaction with other regions and cultures.

 

SS.6.G.2.6

Explain the concept of cultural diffusion and identify the influences of different ancient cultures on one another.

 

SS.6.G.2.7

Interpret choropleths or dot-density maps to explain the distribution of population in the ancient world.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

SC.6.E.6.2

Recognize that there are a variety of different landforms on Earth’s surface such as coastlines, dunes, rivers, mountains, glaciers, deltas, and lakes and relate these landforms as they apply to Florida.

 

LA.6.1.7.4

Identify cause and effect relationships in text.

 

LA.6.1.7.5

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text.

 

LA.6.6.1.1

Explain how text features (e.g., charts, maps, diagrams, sub-headings, captions, illustrations, graphs) aid the readers understanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 3: Understand the relationships between the Earth’s ecosystems and the populations that dwell within them.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.G.3.1

Explain how the physical landscape has affected the development of agriculture and industry in the ancient world.

 

SS.6.G.3.2

Analyze the impact of human populations on the ancient world’s ecosystems.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.6.1.7.4

Identify cause and effect relationships in text.

 

LA.6.1.7.5

 

 

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 4: Understand the characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.G.4.1

Explain how family and ethnic relationships influenced ancient cultures.

 

SS.6.G.4.2

Use maps to trace significant migrations and analyze their results.

 

SS.6.G.4.3

Locate sites in Africa and Asia where archaeologists have found evidence of early human societies and trace their migration patterns to other parts of the world.

 

SS.6.G.4.4

Map and analyze the impact of the spread of various belief systems in the ancient world.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.6.1.7.4

Identify cause and effect relationships in text.

 

LA.6.1.7.5

 

 

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text.

 

LA.6.6.1.1

Explain how text features (e.g., charts, maps, diagrams, sub-headings, captions, illustrations, graphs) aid the readers understanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 5: Understand how human actions can impact the environment.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.G.5.1

Identify the methods used to compensate for the scarcity of resources in the ancient world.

 

SS.6.G.5.2

Use geographic terms and tools to explain why ancient civilizations developed networks of highways, waterways, and other transportation linkages.

 

SS.6.G.5.3

Use geographic tools and terms to analyze how famine, drought, and natural disasters plagued many ancient civilizations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 6: Understand how to apply geography to interpret the past and present and plan for

the future.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.G.6.1

Describe the Six Essential Elements of Geography (The World in Spatial Terms, Places and Regions, Physical Systems, Human Systems, Environment, The Uses of

Geography) as the organizing framework for understanding the world and its people.

 

SS.6.G.6.2

Compare maps of the world in ancient times with current political maps.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.6.1.7.4

Identify cause and effect relationships in text.

 

LA.6.1.7.5

 

 

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text.

 

LA.6.6.1.1

Explain how text features (e.g., charts, maps, diagrams, sub-headings, captions, illustrations, graphs) aid the readers understanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 1: Understand the fundamental concepts relevant to the development of a market economy.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.E.1.1

Identify the factors (new resources, increased productivity, education, technology, slave economy, territorial expansion) that increase economic growth.

 

SS.6.E.1.2

Describe and identify traditional and command economies as they appear in different civilizations.

 

SS.6.E.1.3

Describe the following economic concepts as they relate to early civilization: scarcity, opportunity cost, supply and demand, barter, and trade, productive resources (land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship).

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.6.1.7.4

Identify cause and effect relationships in text.

 

LA.6.1.7.5

 

 

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 2: Understand the fundamental concepts relevant to the institutions, structure, and functions of a national economy.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.E.2.1

Evaluate how civilizations through clans, leaders, and family groups make economic decisions for that civilization providing a framework for future city-state or nation development.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.6.1.7.4

Identify cause and effect relationships in text.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 3: Understand the fundamental concepts and interrelationships of the United States economy in the international marketplace.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.E.3.1

Identify examples of mediums of exchange (currencies) used for trade (barter) for each civilization and explain why international trade requires a system for a medium of exchange between trading both inside and among various regions.

 

SS.6.E.3.2

Categorize products that were traded among civilizations and give examples of barriers to trade of those products.

 

SS.6.E.3.3

Describe traditional economies (Egypt, Greece, Rome, Kush) and elements of those economies that led to the rise of a merchant class and trading partners.

 

SS.6.E.3.4

Describe the relationship among civilizations that engage in trade, including the benefits and drawbacks of voluntary trade.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: WORLD HISTORY

Standard 1: Utilize historical inquiry skills and analytical processes.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.W.1.1

Use timelines to identify chronological order of historical events.

 

SS.6.W.1.2

Identify terms and designations (decade, century, epoch, era, millennium, BC/BCE, AD/CE) of time periods.

 

SS.6.W.1.3

Interpret primary and secondary sources.

 

SS.6.W.1.4

Describe the methods of historical inquiry and how history relates to the other social sciences.

 

SS.6.W.1.5

Describe the roles of historians and recognize varying historical interpretations (historiography).

 

SS.6.W.1.6

Describe how history transmits culture and heritage and provides models of human character.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.6.1.7.4

Identify cause and effect relationships in text.

 

LA.6.2.2.2

 

locate and analyze the elements of plot structure, including exposition, setting, character development, rising/falling action, conflict/resolution, and theme in a variety of fiction;

 

LA.6.6.1.1

Explain how text features (e.g., charts, maps, diagrams, sub-headings, captions, illustrations, graphs) aid the readers understanding.

 

 

 

Strand: WORLD HISTORY

Standard 2: Describe the emergence of early civilizations (Nile, Tigris-Euphrates, Indus and Yellow Rivers, Meso and South American).

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.W.2.1

Compare the lifestyles of hunter-gatherers with those of settlers of early agricultural communities.

 

SS.6.W.2.2

Describe how the developments of agriculture and metallurgy related to settlement, population growth, and the emergence of civilization.

 

SS.6.W.2.3

Identify the characteristics of civilization.

 

SS.6.W.2.4

Compare the economic, political, social, and religious institutions of ancient river civilizations.

 

SS.6.W.2.5

Summarize important achievements of Egyptian civilization.

 

SS.6.W.2.6

Determine the contributions of key figures from ancient Egypt.

 

SS.6.W.2.7

Summarize the important achievements of Mesopotamian civilization.

 

SS.6.W.2.8

Determine the impact of key figures from ancient Mesopotamian civilizations.

 

SS.6.W.2.9

Identify key figures and basic beliefs of the Israelites and determine how these beliefs compared with those of others in the geographic area.

 

SS.6.W.2.10

Compare the emergence of advanced civilizations in Meso and South America with the four early river valley civilizations.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.6.1.7.5

 

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text;

 

LA.6.1.7.3

 

Determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level text through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details;

 

 

LA.6.1.7.8

Use strategies to repair comprehension of grade-appropriate text when self-monitoring indicates confusion, including but not limited to rereading, checking context clues, predicting, note-making, summarizing, using graphic and semantic organizers, questioning, and clarifying by checking other sources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: WORLD HISTORY

Standard 3: Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of classical civilizations (Phoenicia, Greece, Rome, Axum).

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.W.3.1

 

Analyze the cultural impact the ancient Phoenicians had on the Mediterranean world with regard to colonization (Carthage), exploration, maritime commerce (purple dye, tin), and written communication (alphabet).

 

SS.6.W.3.2

Explain the democratic concepts (polis, civic participation and voting rights, legislative bodies, written constitutions, rule of law) developed in ancient Greece.

 

SS.6.W.3.3

Compare life in Athens and Sparta (government and the status of citizens, women and children, foreigners, helots).

 

SS.6.W.3.4

Explain the causes and effects of the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.

 

SS.6.W.3.5

Summarize the important achievements and contributions of ancient Greek civilization.

 

SS.6.W.3.6

Determine the impact of key figures from ancient Greece.

 

SS.6.W.3.7

 

Summarize the key achievements, contributions, and figures associated with The Hellenistic Period.

 

SS.6.W.3.8

Determine the impact of significant figures associated with ancient Rome.

 

SS.6.W.3.9

Explain the impact of the Punic Wars on the development of the Roman Empire.

 

SS.6.W.3.10

Describe the government of the Roman Republic and its contribution to the development of democratic principles (separation of powers, rule of law, representative government, civic duty).

 

SS.6.W.3.11

Explain the transition from Roman Republic to empire and Imperial Rome, and compare Roman life and culture under each one.

 

SS.6.W.3.12

Explain the causes for the growth and longevity of the Roman Empire.

 

SS.6.W.3.13

Identify key figures and the basic beliefs of early Christianity.

 

SS.6.W.3.14

Describe the key achievements and contributions of Roman civilization.

 

SS.6.W.3.15

Explain the reasons for the gradual decline of the Western Roman Empire after the Pax Romana.

 

SS.6.W.3.16

Compare life in the Roman Republic for patricians, plebeians, women, children, and slaves.

 

SS.6.W.3.17

Explain the spread and influence of the Latin language on Western Civilization.

 

SS.6.W.3.18

Describe the rise and fall of the ancient east African kingdoms of Kush and Axum, and Christianity’s development in Ethiopia.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.6.1.7.5

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text;

 

LA.6.1.7.3

 

Determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level text through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details;

 

LA.6.1.7.8

 

Use strategies to repair comprehension of grade-appropriate text when self-monitoring indicates confusion, including but not limited to rereading, checking context clues, predicting, note-making, summarizing, using graphic and semantic organizers, questioning, and clarifying by checking other sources.

 

PE.C.1.3.2.b

Discuss the origin of the Olympics

 

PE.C.1.4.1.a

Explains the importance other cultures place on World Cup Soccer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: WORLD HISTORY

Standard 4: Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of classical Asian civilizations (China, India).

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.W.4.1

Discuss the significance of Aryan and other tribal migrations on Indian civilization.

 

SS.6.W.4.2

Explain the major beliefs and practices associated with Hinduism and the social structure of the caste system in ancient India.

 

SS.6.W.4.3

Recognize the political and cultural achievements of the Mauryan and Gupta empires.

 

SS.6.W.4.4

Explain the teachings of Buddha, the importance of Asoka, and how Buddhism spread in India, Ceylon, and other parts of Asia.

 

SS.6.W.4.5

Summarize the important achievements and contributions of ancient Indian civilization.

 

SS.6.W.4.6

Describe the concept of the Mandate of Heaven and its connection to the Zhou and later dynasties.

 

SS.6.W.4.7

Explain the basic teachings of Laozi, Confucius, and Han Fei Zi.

 

SS.6.W.4.8

Describe the contributions of classical and post classical China.

 

SS.6.W.4.9

Identify key figures from classical and post classical China.

 

SS.6.W.4.10

Explain the significance of the silk roads and maritime routes across the Indian Ocean to the movement of goods and ideas among Asia, East Africa, and the Mediterranean Basin.

 

SS.6.W.4.11

Explain the rise and expansion of the Mongol empire and its effects on peoples of Asia and Europe including the achievements of Ghengis and Kublai Khan.

 

SS.6.W.4.12

 

Identify the causes and effects of Chinese isolation and the decision to limit foreign trade in the 15th century.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.6.1.7.5

 

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text;

 

LA.6.1.7.3

 

Determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level text through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details;

 

LA.6.1.7.8

Use strategies to repair comprehension of grade-appropriate text when self-monitoring indicates confusion, including but not limited to rereading, checking context clues, predicting, note-making, summarizing, using graphic and semantic organizers, questioning, and clarifying by checking other sources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Standard 1: Demonstrate an understanding of the origins and purposes of government, law, and the American political system.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.C.1.1

Identify democratic concepts developed in ancient Greece that served as a foundation for American constitutional democracy.

 

SS.6.C.1.2

Identify how the government of the Roman Republic contributed to the development of democratic principles (separation of powers, rule of law, representative government, and civic duty).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Standard 2: Evaluate the roles, rights, and responsibilities of United States citizens and determine methods of active participation in society, government, and the political system.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.6.C.2.1

Identify ideals (civic participation, role of government) from ancient Greek and Roman civilizations which are reflected in the American political process today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade 7

Benchmark Coding Scheme

SS.7.A.1.1

Subject Grade Level Strand Standard Benchmark

Strand Key:

G ~ Geography

E ~ Economics

C ~ Civics and Government

 

 

In addition to the Body of Knowledge Key you will also see Diocesan Related Benchmarks.  These are identified by the following Key:

 

R = Religion Standards/Catechism of the Catholic Church

H = Health Education Standards

LA = Language Arts Standards

MA = Mathematics Standards

SC = Science

SE = Safe Environment Standards

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 1: Understand how to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technology to report information.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.G.1.1

Locate the fifty states and their capital cities in addition to the nation’s capital on a map.

 

SS.7.G.1.2

Locate on a world map the territories and protectorates of the United States of America.

 

SS.7.G.1.3

Interpret maps to identify geopolitical divisions and boundaries of places in North America.

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 2: Understand physical and cultural characteristics of places.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.G.2.1

Locate major cultural landmarks that are emblematic of the United States.

 

SS.7.G.2.2

Locate major physical landmarks that are emblematic of the United States.

 

SS.7.G.2.3

Explain how major physical characteristics, natural resources, climate, and absolute and relative location have influenced settlement, economies, and inter-governmental relations in North America.

 

SS.7.G.2.4

Describe current major cultural regions of North America.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

H. B.2.3.3

The student identifies aspects in one’s own culture and in the cultures of others that may have an impact on health and the use of health services.

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 3: Understand the relationships between the Earth’s ecosystems and the populations that dwell within them.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.G.3.1

Use maps to describe the location, abundance and variety of natural resources in North America.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.7.4.2.5

The student will write detailed directions to unfamiliar locations using cardinal and ordinal directions, landmarks, streets, and distances, and create an accompanying map.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 4: Understand the characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.G.4.1

Use geographic terms and tools to explain cultural diffusion throughout North America.

 

SS.7.G.4.2

Use maps and other geographic tools to examine the importance of demographics within political divisions of the United States.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 5: Understand how human actions can impact the environment.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.G.5.1

Use a choropleth or other map to geographically represent current information about issues of conservation or ecology in the local community.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

H. A.1.3.6

The student understands the relationship between environment and personal health.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 6: Understand how to apply geography to interpret the past and present and plan for the future.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.G.6.1

Use Global Information Systems (GIS) or other technology to view maps of current information about the United States.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 1: Understand the fundamental concepts relevant to the development of a market economy.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.E.1.1

Explain how the principles of a market and mixed economy helped to develop the United States into a democratic nation.

 

SS.7.E.1.2

Discuss the importance of borrowing and lending in the United States, the government’s role in controlling financial institutions, and list the advantages and disadvantages of using credit.

 

SS.7.E.1.3

Review the concepts of supply and demand, choice, scarcity, and opportunity cost as they relate to the development of the mixed market economy in the United States.

 

SS.7.E.1.4

Discuss the function of financial institutions in the development of a market economy.

 

SS.7.E.1.5

Assess how profits, incentives, and competition motivate individuals, households, and businesses in a free market economy.

 

SS.7.E.1.6

Compare the national budget process to the personal budget process.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.7.1.6.1

The student will use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly.

 

LA.7.1.6.2

The student will listen to, read, and discuss familiar and conceptually challenging text.

 

LA.7.1.6.3

The student will use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar words.

 

LA.7.1.6.4

The student will categorize key vocabulary and identify salient features.

 

LA.7.1.6.5

The student will relate new vocabulary to familiar words

 

LA.7.1.6.6

The student will distinguish denotative and connotative meanings of words.

 

LA.7.1.6.8

The student will identify advanced word/phrase relationships and their meanings.

 

LA.7.1.6.9

The student will determine the correct meanings of words with multiple meanings in context.

 

LA.7.1.7.1

The student will use background knowledge of subject and related content areas, pre-reading strategies, graphic representations, and knowledge of text structure to make and confirm complex predictions of content, purpose, and organization of a reading selection.

 

LA.7.1.7.3

The student will determine the main idea or essential message in grade-level or higher texts through inferring, paraphrasing, summarizing, and identifying relevant details.

 

LA.7.1.7.4

The student will identify cause-and-effect relationships in text.

 

LA.7.1.7.8

The student will use strategies to repair comprehension of grade-appropriate text when self-monitoring indicates confusion, including but not limited to rereading, checking context clues, predicting, note-making, summarizing, using graphic and semantic organizers, questioning, and clarifying by checking other sources.

 

LA.7.2.2.1

The student will locate, use, and analyze specific information from organizational features (e.g., table of contents, headings, caption, bold print, italics, glossaries, indices, key/guide words)

 

LA.7.2.2.2

The student will use information from the text to state the main idea and/or provide relevant details.

 

LA.7.2.2.3

The student will organize information to show understanding (e.g., representing main ideas within comparing/contrasting).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 2: Understand the fundamental concepts relevant to the institutions, structure, and functions of a national economy.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.E.2.1

Explain how federal, state, and local taxes support the economy as a function of the United States government.

 

SS.7.E.2.2

Describe the banking system in the United States, and its impact on the money supply.

 

SS.7.E.2.3

Identify and describe United States laws and regulations adopted to promote economic competition.

 

SS.7.E.2.4

Identify entrepreneurs from various gender, social, and ethnic backgrounds who started a business seeking to make a profit.

 

SS.7.E.2.5

Explain how economic institutions impact the national economy.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

H.A.2.3.2

The student knows how to use resources from the home, school, and community that provide valid health information.

 

H.A.2.3.7

The student knows how to access school and community health services for self and others.

 

H.C.2.2.5

The student knows community agencies that advocate healthy individuals, families, and communities.

 

MA.7.A.1.8

Solve problems using data from a chart.

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 3: Understand the fundamental concepts and interrelationships of the United States economy in the international marketplace.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.E.3.1

Explain how international trade requires a system for exchanging currency between and among nations.

 

SS.7.E.3.2

Assess how the changing value of currency affects trade of goods and services between nations.

 

SS.7.E.3.3

Compare and contrast a single resource economy with a diversified economy.

 

SS.7.E.3.4

Compare and contrast the standard of living in various countries today to that of the United States using gross domestic product (GDP) per capita as an indicator.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

MA.7.S.1.2

Display complex data on graphs, frequency tables and pictograms

Interpret complex data on graphs, frequency tables, and pictograms

Create graphs (line, bar, circle) from raw data

Use technology to create bar, line and circle graphs

Use stem and leaf plots to display data

 

MA.7.S.1.3

Recognize misleading statistics

Identify graphs that are misleading

 

MA.7.A.1.1

Write ratios with fractional and decimal values

 

SC.7.N.1.1

Define a problem from the seventh grade curriculum, use appropriate reference materials to support scientific  understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigation of various types, such as systematic observations or experiments, identify variables, collect and organize data, interpret data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze information, make predictions, and defend conclusions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Standard 1: Demonstrate an understanding of the origins and purposes of government, law, and the American political system.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.C.1.1

Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu’s view of separation of power and John Locke’s theories related to natural law and how Locke’s social contract influenced the Founding Fathers.

 

SS.7.C.1.2

Trace the impact that the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” had on colonists’ views of government.

 

SS.7.C.1.3

Describe how English policies and responses to colonial concerns led to the writing of the Declaration of independence.

 

SS.7.C.1.4

Analyze the ideas (natural rights, role of the government) and complaints set forth in the Declaration of Independence.

 

SS.7.C.1.5

Identify how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to the writing of the Constitution.

 

SS.7.C.1.6

Interpret the intentions of the Preamble of the Constitution.

 

SS.7.C.1.7

Describe how the Constitution limits the powers of government through separation of powers and checks and balances.

 

SS.7.C.1.8

Explain the viewpoints of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists regarding the ratification of the Constitution and inclusion of a bill of rights.

 

SS.7.C.1.9

Define the rule of law and recognize its influence on the development of the American legal, political, and governmental systems.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.7.1.7.2

The student will analyze the author’s purpose (e.g., to persuade, inform, entertain, explain) and perspective in a variety of texts and understand how they affect meaning.

 

LA.7.1.7.6

The student will analyze and evaluate similar themes or topics by different authors across a variety of fiction and nonfiction selections.

 

LA.7.1.7.7

The student will compare and contrast elements in multiple texts.

 

LA.7.6.2.2

The student will assess, organize, and check the validity and reliability of information in text, using a variety of techniques by examining several sources of information, including both primary and secondary sources.

 

LA.7.1.6.11

Identify the meaning of words and phrases derived from Anglo-Saxon, Greek and Roman mythology.

 

LA.7.2.2.5

Use interest and recommendation of others to select a variety of age and ability appropriate nonfiction materials (e.g. biographies, history, current events) to expand core knowledge necessary to connect topics and function as a fully literate member of shared culture.

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Standard 2: Evaluate the roles, rights, and responsibilities of United States citizens and determine methods of active participation in society, government, and the political system.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.C.2.1

Define the term “citizen” and identify legal means of becoming a United States citizen.

 

SS.7.C.2.2

Evaluate the obligations citizens have to obey the laws, pay taxes, defend the nation, and serve on juries.

 

SS.7.C.2.3

Experience the responsibilities of citizens at the local, state, or federal levels.

 

SS.7.C.2.4

Evaluate rights contained in the Bill of Rights and other amendments to the Constitution.

 

SS.7.C.2.5

Distinguish how the Constitution safeguards and limits individual rights.

 

SS.7.C.2.6

Simulate the trial process and the role of juries in the administration of justice.

 

SS.7.C.2.7

Conduct a mock election to demonstrate the voting process and its impact on a school, community, or local level.

 

SS.7.C.2.8

Identify America’s current political parties and illustrate their ideas about government.

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT (Cont’d)

Standard 2: Evaluate the roles, rights, and responsibilities of United States citizens and determine methods of active participation in society, government, and the political system.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.C.2.9

Evaluate candidates for political office by analyzing their qualifications, experience, issue-based platforms, debates, and political ads.

 

SS.7.C.2.10

Examine the impact of media, individuals, and interest groups on monitoring and influencing government.

 

SS.7.C.2.11

Analyze media and political communications (bias, symbolism, propaganda).

 

SS.7.C.2.12

Develop a plan to resolve a state or local problem by researching public policy alternatives, identifying appropriate government agencies to address the issue, and determining a course of action.

 

SS.7.C.2.13

Examine multiple perspectives on public and current issues.

 

SS.7.C.2.14

Conduct a service project to further the public good.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

SE.E.2.1.d

The youth develops an attitude of respect that acknowledges the worth of every human being.

 

R. C.2.142

Presents the concepts of a consistent ethic of life as opposed to a culture which promotes death.

 

PE.A.3.3.b

Develops a community activity with a group of students such as country line dancing, Saturday softball games, or walking/jogging clubs in order to support the community service requirements.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Standard 3: Demonstrate an understanding of the principles, functions, and organization of government.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.C.3.1

Compare different forms of government (direct democracy, representative democracy, socialism, communism, monarchy, oligarchy, autocracy).

 

SS.7.C.3.2

Compare parliamentary, federal, confederal, and unitary systems of government.

 

SS.7.C.3.3

Illustrate the structure and function (three branches of government established in Articles I, II and III with corresponding powers) of government in the United States as established in the Constitution.

 

SS.7.C.3.4

Identify the relationship and division of powers between the federal government and state governments.

 

SS.7.C.3.5

Explain the Constitutional amendment process.

 

SS.7.C.3.6

Evaluate Constitutional rights and their impact on individuals and society.

 

SS.7.C.3.7

Analyze the impact of the 13th, 14th, 15th, 19th, 24th, and 26th amendments on participation of minority groups in the American political process.

 

SS.7.C.3.8

Analyze the structure, functions, and processes of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

 

SS.7.C.3.9

Illustrate the law making process at the local, state, and federal levels.

 

SS.7.C.3.10

Identify sources and types (civil, criminal, constitutional, military) of law.

 

SS.7.C.3.11

Diagram the levels, functions, and powers of courts at the state and federal levels.

 

SS.7.C.3.12

Analyze the significance and outcomes of landmark Supreme Court cases including, but not limited to, Marbury v. Madison, Plessy v. Ferguson, Brown v. Board of Education, Gideon v. Wainwright, Miranda v. Arizona, in re Gault, Tinker v. Des Moines, Hazelwood v. Kuhlmier, United States v. Nixon, and Bush v. Gore.

 

SS.7.C.3.13

Compare the constitutions of the United States and Florida.

 

SS.7.C.3.14

Differentiate between local, state, and federal governments’ obligations and services.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

SE.E.1.1.d

The youth understands that media images can give false ideas and distorted views of relationships.

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Standard 4: Demonstrate an understanding of contemporary issues in world affairs and evaluate the role and impact of United States foreign policy.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.7.C.4.1

Differentiate concepts related to United States domestic and foreign policy.

 

SS.7.C.4.2

Recognize government and citizen participation in international organizations.

 

SS.7.C.4.3

Describe examples of how the United States has dealt with international conflicts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grade 8

Benchmark Coding Scheme

SS.8.A.1.1

Subject Grade Level Strand Standard Benchmark

Strand Key:

A ~ American History

G ~ Geography

E ~ Economics

C ~ Civics and Government

 

 

In addition to the Body of Knowledge Key you will also see Diocesan Related Benchmarks.  These are identified by the following Key:

 

R = Religion Standards/Catechism of the Catholic Church

H = Health Education Standards

LA = Language Arts Standards

MA = Mathematics Standards

SC = Science

SE = Safe Environment Standards

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Standard 1: Use research and inquiry skills to analyze American History using primary and secondary sources.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.A.1.1

Provide supporting details for an answer from text, interview for oral history, check validity of information from research/text, and identify strong vs. weak arguments.

 

SS.8.A.1.2

Analyze charts, graphs, maps, photographs, and timelines; analyze political cartoons; determine cause and effect.

 

SS.8.A.1.3

Analyze current events relevant to American History topics through a variety of electronic and print media resources.

 

SS.8.A.1.4

Differentiate fact from opinion; utilize appropriate historical research and fiction/nonfiction support materials.

 

SS.8.A.1.5

Identify, within both primary and secondary sources, the author, audience, format, and purpose of significant historical documents.

 

SS.8.A.1.6

Compare interpretations of key events and issues throughout American History.

 

SS.8.A.1.7

View historic events through the eyes of those who were there as shown in their art, writings, music, and artifacts.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.8.1.6.1

Use new vocabulary that is introduced and taught directly;

 

LA.8.1.6.2

Listen to, read, and discuss familiar and conceptually challenging text;

 

LA.8.1.6.3

Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar words;

 

LA.8.1.6.4

Categorize key vocabulary and identify salient features;

 

LA.8.1.6.5

Relate new vocabulary to familiar words;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Standard 1: Use research and inquiry skills to analyze American History using primary and secondary sources.

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS Cont’d

 

LA.8.1.7.2

Analyze the author’s purpose and/or perspective in a variety of texts and understand how they affect meaning

 

LA.8.1.7.5

Analyze a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, lists) and text features (main headings with subheadings) and explain their impact on meaning in text

 

MA.8.S.1.1

Interpret data using graphs (line, bar, stem/leaf plots, box and whisker, circle graphs)

Collect and organizes data using graphs (line, bar, stem/leaf plots, box and whisker, circle graphs)

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Standard 2: Examine the causes, course, and consequences of British settlement in the American colonies.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.A.2.1

Compare the relationships among the British, French, Spanish, and Dutch in their struggle for colonization of North America.

 

SS.8.A.2.2

Compare the characteristics of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.

 

SS.8.A.2.3

Differentiate economic systems of New England, Middle and Southern colonies including indentured servants and slaves as labor sources.

 

SS.8.A.2.4

Identify the impact of key colonial figures on the economic, political, and social development of the colonies.

 

SS.8.A.2.5

Discuss the impact of colonial settlement on Native American populations.

 

SS.8.A.2.6

Examine the causes, course, and consequences of the French and Indian War.

 

SS.8.A.2.7

Describe the contributions of key groups (Africans, Native Americans, women, and children) to the society and culture of colonial America.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

 

LA.8.1.7.4

Identify cause-and-effect relationships in text

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Standard 3: Demonstrate an understanding of the causes, course, and consequences of the American Revolution and the founding principles of our nation.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.A.3.1

Explain the consequences of the French and Indian War in British policies for the American colonies from 1763 – 1774.

 

SS.8.A.3.2

Explain American colonial reaction to British policy from 1763 – 1774.

 

SS.8.A.3.3

Recognize the contributions of the Founding Fathers (John Adams, Sam Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, George Mason, George Washington) during American Revolutionary efforts.

 

SS.8.A.3.4

Examine the contributions of influential groups to both the American and British war efforts during the American Revolutionary War and their  effects on the outcome of the war.

 

SS.8.A.3.5

Describe the influence of individuals on social and political developments during the Revolutionary era.

 

SS.8.A.3.6

Examine the causes, course, and consequences of the American Revolution.

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Standard 3: Demonstrate an understanding of the causes, course, and consequences of the American Revolution and the founding principles of our nation.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK Cont’d

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.A.3.7

Examine the structure, content, and consequences of the Declaration of Independence.

 

SS.8.A.3.8

Examine individuals and groups that affected political and social motivations during the American Revolution.

 

SS.8.A.3.9

Evaluate the structure, strengths, and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and its aspects that led to the Constitutional Convention.

 

SS.8.A.3.10

Examine the course and consequences of the Constitutional Convention (New Jersey Plan, Virginia Plan, Great Compromise, Three-Fifths Compromise, compromises regarding taxation and slave trade, Electoral College, state vs. federal power, empowering a president).

 

SS.8.A.3.11

Analyze support and opposition (Federalists, Federalist Papers, Anti-Federalists, Bill of Rights) to ratification of the U.S. Constitution.

 

SS.8.A.3.12

Examine the influences of George Washington’s presidency in the formation of the new nation.

 

SS.8.A.3.13

Explain major domestic and international economic, military, political, and socio-cultural events of John Adams’s presidency.

 

SS.8.A.3.14

Explain major domestic and international economic, military, political, and socio-cultural events of Thomas Jefferson’s presidency.

 

SS.8.A.3.15

Examine this time period (1763-1815) from the perspective of historically underrepresented groups (children, indentured servants, Native Americans, slaves, women, and working class).

 

SS.8.A.3.16

Examine key events in Florida history as each impacts this era of American history.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

LA.8.2.1.8

Explain how ideas, values, and themes of a literary work often reflect the historical period in which it was written

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Standard 4: Demonstrate an understanding of the domestic and international causes, course, and consequences of westward expansion.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.A.4.1

Examine the causes, course, and consequences of United States westward expansion and its growing diplomatic assertiveness (War of 1812, Convention of 1818, Adams- Onis Treaty, Missouri Compromise, Monroe Doctrine, Trail of Tears, Texas annexation, Manifest Destiny, Oregon Territory, Mexican American War/Mexican Cession, California Gold Rush, Compromise of 1850, Kansas Nebraska Act, Gadsden Purchase).

 

SS.8.A.4.2

Describe the debate surrounding the spread of slavery into western territories and Florida.

 

SS.8.A.4.3

Examine the experiences and perspectives of significant individuals and groups during this era of American History.

 

SS.8.A.4.4

Discuss the impact of westward expansion on cultural practices and migration patterns of Native American and African slave populations.

 

SS.8.A.4.5

Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the 19th century transportation revolution on the growth of the nation’s economy.

 

SS.8.A.4.6

Identify technological improvements (inventions/inventors) that contributed to industrial growth.

 

SS.8.A.4.7

Explain the causes, course and consequences (industrial growth, subsequent effect on children and women) of New England’s textile industry.

 

SS.8.A.4.8

Describe the influence of individuals on social and political developments of this era in American History.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Standard 4: Demonstrate an understanding of the domestic and international causes, course, and consequences of westward expansion.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK Cont’d

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.A.4.9

Analyze the causes, course and consequences of the Second Great Awakening on social reform movements.

 

SS.8.A.4.10

Analyze the impact of technological advancements on the agricultural economy and slave labor.

 

SS.8.A.4.11

Examine the aspects of slave culture including plantation life, resistance efforts, and the role of the slaves’ spiritual system.

 

SS.8.A.4.12

Examine the effects of the 1804 Haitian Revolution on the United States acquisition of the Louisiana Territory.

 

SS.8.A.4.13

Explain the consequences of landmark Supreme Court decisions (McCulloch v. Maryland [1819], Gibbons v. Odgen [1824], Cherokee Nation v. Georgia [1831], and Worcester v. Georgia [1832]) significant to this era of American history.

 

SS.8.A.4.14

Examine the causes, course, and consequences of the women’s suffrage movement (1848 Seneca Falls Convention, Declaration of Sentiments).

 

SS.8.A.4.15

Examine the causes, course, and consequences of literature movements (Transcendentalism) significant to this era of American history.

 

SS.8.A.4.16

Identify key ideas and influences of Jacksonian democracy.

 

SS.8.A.4.17

Examine key events and peoples in Florida history as each impacts this era of American history.

 

SS.8.A.4.18

Examine the experiences and perspectives of different ethnic, national, and religious groups in Florida, explaining their contributions to Florida’s and America’s society and culture during the Territorial Period.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

SE.11.14.2.1.d

The youth develops an attitude of respect that acknowledges the worth of every human being

 

SE.11.14.2.1.f

The youth develops an understanding that God calls us to forgive those who hurt us.

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: AMERICAN HISTORY

Standard 5: Examine the causes, course, and consequence of the Civil War and Reconstruction including its effects on American peoples.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.A.5.1

Explain the causes, course and consequence of the Civil War (sectionalism, slavery, states’ rights, balance of power in the Senate).

 

SS.8.A.5.2

Analyze the role of slavery in the development of sectional conflict.

 

SS.8.A.5.3

Explain major domestic and international economic, military, political, and socio-cultural events of Abraham Lincoln’s presidency.

 

SS.8.A.5.4

Identify the division of the United States (Confederate and Union States, Border states, western territories) at the outbreak of the Civil War.

 

SS.8.A.5.5

Compare Union and Confederate strengths and weaknesses.

 

SS.8.A.5.6

Compare significant Civil War battles and events, and their effects on civilian populations.

 

SS.8.A.5.7

Examine key events and peoples in Florida history as each impacts this era of American history.

 

SS.8.A.5.8

Explain and evaluate the policies, practices, and consequences of Reconstruction (presidential and congressional reconstruction, Johnson’s impeachment, Civil Rights Act of 1866, the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, opposition of Southern whites to Reconstruction, accomplishments and failures of Radical Reconstruction, presidential election of 1876, end of Reconstruction, rise of Jim Crow laws, rise of Ku Klux Klan).

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 1: Understand how to use maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technology to report information.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.G.1.1

Use maps to explain physical and cultural attributes of major regions throughout American history.

 

SS.8.G.1.2

Use appropriate geographic tools and terms to identify and describe significant places and regions in American history.

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 2: Understand physical and cultural characteristics of places.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.G.2.1

Identify the physical elements and the human elements that define and differentiate regions as relevant to American history.

 

SS.8.G.2.2

Use geographic terms and tools to analyze case studies of regional issues in different parts of the United States that have had critical economic, physical, or political ramifications.

 

SS.8.G.2.3

Use geographic terms and tools to analyze case studies of how selected regions of the United States have changed over time.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.8.2.2.2

Synthesize and use information from the text to state the main idea or provide relevant details

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 3: Understand the relationships between the Earth’s ecosystems and the populations that dwell within them.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.G.3.1

Locate and describe in geographic terms the major ecosystems of the United States.

 

SS.8.G.3.2

Use geographic terms and tools to explain differing perspectives on the use of renewable and non-renewable resources in the United States and Florida over time.

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 4: Understand the characteristics, distribution, and migration of human populations.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.G.4.1

Interpret population growth and other demographic data for any given place in the United States throughout its history.

 

SS.8.G.4.2

Use geographic terms and tools to analyze the effects throughout American history of migration to and within the United States, both on the place of origin and destination.

 

SS.8.G.4.3

Use geographic terms and tools to explain cultural diffusion throughout the United States as it expanded its territory.

 

SS.8.G.4.4

Interpret databases, case studies, and maps to describe the role that regions play in influencing trade, migration patterns, and cultural/political interaction in the United States throughout time.

 

SS.8.G.4.5

Use geographic terms and tools to analyze case studies of the development, growth, and changing nature of cities and urban centers in the United States over time.

 

SS.8.G.4.6

Use political maps to describe changes in boundaries and governance throughout American history.

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 5: Understand how human actions can impact the environment.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.G.5.1

Describe human dependence on the physical environment and natural resources to satisfy basic needs in their local environments in the United States.

 

SS.8.G.5.2

Describe the impact of human modifications.

 

 

 

 

Strand: GEOGRAPHY

Standard 6: Understand how to apply geography to interpret the past and present and plan for the future.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.G.6.1

Use appropriate maps and other graphic representations to analyze geographic problems and changes over time throughout American history.

 

SS.8.G.6.2

Illustrate places and events in U.S. history through the use of narratives and graphic representations.

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 1: Understand the fundamental concepts relevant to the development of a market economy.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.E.1.1

Examine motivating economic factors that influenced the development of the United States economy over time including scarcity, supply and demand, opportunity costs, incentives, profits, and entrepreneurial aspects.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.8.1.6.3

Use context clues to determine meanings of unfamiliar words;

 

MA.8.S.1.3

Identify misleading statistics

Correct misleading statistics

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 2: Understand the fundamental concepts relevant to the institutions, structure, and functions of a national economy.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.E.2.1

Analyze contributions of entrepreneurs, inventors, and other key individuals from various gender, social, and ethnic backgrounds in the development of the United States economy.

 

SS.8.E.2.2

Explain the economic impact of government policies

 

SS.8.E.2.3

Assess the role of Africans and other minority groups in the economic development of the United States.

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: ECONOMICS

Standard 3: Understand the fundamental concepts and interrelationships of the United States economy in the international marketplace.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.E.3.1

Evaluate domestic and international interdependence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Standard 1: Evaluate the roles, rights, and responsibilities of United States citizens and determine methods of active participation in society, government, and the political system.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.C.1.1

Identify the constitutional provisions for establishing citizenship.

 

SS.8.C.1.2

Compare views of self-government and the rights and responsibilities of citizens held by Patriots, Loyalists, and other colonists.

 

SS.8.C.1.3

Recognize the role of civic virtue in the lives of citizens and leaders from the colonial period through Reconstruction.

 

SS.8.C.1.4

Identify the evolving forms of civic and political participation from the colonial period through Reconstruction.

 

SS.8.C.1.5

Apply the rights contained in the Constitution and Bill of Rights to the lives of citizens today.

 

SS.8.C.1.6

Evaluate how amendments to the Constitution have expanded voting rights from our nation’s early history to present day.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.8.1.7.1

Use background knowledge of subject and related content areas, prereading strategies, graphic representations, and knowledge of text structure to make and confirm complex predictions of content, purpose, and organization of a reading selection

 

 

 

Strand: CIVICS AND GOVERNMENT

Standard 2: Demonstrate an understanding of the principles, functions, and organization of government.

BENCHMARK CODE

BENCHMARK

CLASS OBSERVATIONS

SS.8.C.2.1

Evaluate and compare the essential ideals and principles of American constitutional government expressed in primary sources from the colonial period to Reconstruction.

 

 

RELATED BENCHMARKS

 

LA.8.6.2.2

Assess, organize, synthesize, and evaluate the validity and reliability of information in text, using a variety of techniques by examining several sources of information, including both primary and secondary sources