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Changes in Industry

Canada's Economy Before the War
During the war Canada was supplying foodstuffs, military equipment, training planes and ammunition to the Western Allies. At this time period Canadian industry took a giant leap forward in production technique, having to apply it to items from wooden shell crates to training aircraft. The rapid growth of the Canadian industry at the time created a labour shortage that allowed many women into the industrial workforce. The influx of people in the workforce promoted the growth of labor unions. Before the war, Canada was in a lot of debt from a drought that caused the loss of all the wheat crops, and the railway debt between 1914 and 1915.

Women working in a bomb factory

Canada During the War
In 1916 the Imperial Munitions Board was created to manufacture shells and ammunition to aid in the Shell Crisis. Also in 1916 the Business Profits War Act required all Canadian businesses with $50,000 or more in capital to file for a yearly tax return. In 1917, the Income War Tax Act introduced a 'temporary' tax on corporate and personal income. 

Canadian-made Curtiss JN-4

An overview of the types of bombs

Canada After the War
After the war there was a high demand for goods and services. Most soldiers had no jobs, many went back to farming, but most went looking for work in factories. With the war over the demand for steel and chemical companies was low, and many were forced to shut down, although the Automobile plants prospered. In the end  Canada's debt totaled 1,665,576,000 and the unemployment took 10 years to recover from.

A WWI plane
A British Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8

Canadian-made Armored Autocar