Counterfactual or alternate history is a fringe topic amongst academic historians. However, as a class activity it opens up the world of history for inquiry, investigation and creativity. History often is dry and disengaging for the average student, the What If? project is focused on the specific engagement of the student with a deep investigation of the historical record. The steps which take the student through the exercise is challenging, couched in research and steeped in creativity. The following pages details some of the tools used to facilitate the unit and project.