09/18-09/22/17: 6th Grade (US Constitutional Study & Debate). 
Pass/Fails: We will begin pass/fails second quarter.

Content:  We are beginning work this week on government.  There will be a quiz Friday on the following information:

We The People Vocab Lessons 1-2-3

Subject:  Person living under the rule of a monarch (king).

Government:  People and institutions with authority to make and enforce the laws.

Self-sufficient:  People who can provide for their own needs.

Founders:  Political leaders of the colonies.

State of Nature:  A condition in which no governments or laws exist at all.

Natural Rights: Life: People want to survive and be safe.

Natural Rights: Liberty: People want to be free and be able to decide things for themselves.

Natural Rights: Property:  People want to be able to own things like land, houses, animals etc.

Social Contract:  People agree to live under a system of laws where everybody is treated fairly.

Purpose of Government:  To protect your natural rights.

Republic:  A country that has a government in which people elect representatives who manage the government for them.

Aristocrats:  People who are rich and upper class.

Common Good:  Or common welfare – what is good for everybody.

Factions:  Interest groups.  People often divide into interest groups to protect what is important to them.

Direct Democracy:  People control the government themselves without representatives. 

Representative Democracy:  The people choose leaders, like a republic.

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09/18-09/22/17: 7th Grade (US Constitution & Ancient Civilizations). 
Pass/Fails: We are beginning our pass/fails this week, which are the 50 Unites States and each capital.  There will be a quiz Friday, 9-8-17 on the following: New Hampshire (Concord), Vermont (Montpelier), Maine (Augusta), New York (Albany), Massachusetts (Boston), Connecticut (Hartford), Rhode Island (Providence).  

Week 2 is as follows:  (Trenton) New Jersey, (Harrisburg) Pennsylvania, (Dover) Delaware, (Annapolis) Maryland, (Richmond) Virginia, (Charleston) West Virginia, (Columbus) Ohio.  This quiz will be Friday, 9-15-17.

Week 3 is as follows:  (Raleigh) North Carolina, (Columbia) South Carolina, (Atlanta) Georgia, (Tallahassee) Florida, (Frankfort) Kentucky, (Nashville) Tennessee, (Montgomery) Alabama.  This quiz will be Friday, 9-22-17.

Content:  We are continuing working on Constitution this week.  There will be a content quiz on the following information:

We The People Vocab Lessons 1-2-3

Subject:  Person living under the rule of a monarch (king).

Government:  People and institutions with authority to make and enforce the laws.

Self-sufficient:  People who can provide for their own needs.

Founders:  Political leaders of the colonies.

State of Nature:  A condition in which no governments or laws exist at all.

Natural Rights: Life: People want to survive and be safe.

Natural Rights: Liberty: People want to be free and be able to decide things for themselves.

Natural Rights: Property:  People want to be able to own things like land, houses, animals etc.

Social Contract:  People agree to live under a system of laws where everybody is treated fairly.

Purpose of Government:  To protect your natural rights.

Republic:  A country that has a government in which people elect representatives who manage the government for them.

Aristocrats:  People who are rich and upper class.

Common Good:  Or common welfare – what is good for everybody.

Factions:  Interest groups.  People often divide into interest groups to protect what is important to them.

Direct Democracy:  People control the government themselves without representatives. 

Representative Democracy:  The people choose leaders, like a republic.

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09/18-9/22/17: 8th Grade (Fall of the Western Roman Empire to The Present). 

Pass/Fails: We are beginning our pass/fails this week, which are the 45 U.S. presidents.  Week one is as follows:  George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson.  The quiz will be Friday, 9-8-17.

Week 2 is as follows:  Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, James K Polk, Zachary Taylor, Millard Filmore, Franklin Pierce.  This quiz will be Friday, 9-15-17.

Week 3 is as follows:  James Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Chester Arthur.  This quiz will be Friday, 9-22-17.

Content:  We are finishing the Fall of the Western Roman Empire and then we move into Medieval history.  The notes for this Friday's quiz are as follows:

476-1400s: Europe had no stable governments.  No one was in charge, there was nothing in place to maintain order.

Barbarians: had over run Europe.  Over the next few centuries the tribes and hordes eventually settled down and began to organize small governments in order to maintain order.  These tribes were German and Viking, primarily.

Clovis: 481 AD became king of the Franks, which had been one of the invading tribes against the Romans.

Pope Gregory The Great:  590-604.  Reforms Catholic Church, established Gregorian Chants, Seven Deadly Sins.

Gregorian Chant:  Plainchant, a form of monophonic liturgical chant in Western Christianity that accompanied the celebration of Mass and other ritual services.  The leader leads the chant, then the congregation repeats it.  No instruments or time signatures.

Seven Deadly Sins:  A classification of the most objectionable vices which has been used since early Christian times to educate and instruct followers concerning (immoral) fallen man's tendency to sin. It consists of "Lust", "Gluttony", "Greed", "Sloth", "Wrath", "Envy", and "Pride".

Mohammed:  Prophet of Islam.  Died 632.  (More on that later).

Catholic Missions:  Sent by the Church in the Eastern Empire to convert the area of England, 629-638.

Charlemagne: 800 A.D.  Barbarian leader who developed a stable government of the Franks (one of the major invading tribes).  This only happened in one section of Europe.  The rest was still in turmoil.

William The Conqueror: Viking descendent who was given the title Duke of Normandy by the king of France to keep the Vikings from further invading and destroying those parts of Europe.  He invaded England in 1066 and established feudalism.

Feudalism:  Barbarian leaders grabbed land and set up small settlements called kingdoms.  Barbarian leaders became “lords” and granted land to people of lower status called “vassals”.

Vassals: were then loyal to the lord, helped out with military service when needed and paid rent.

Monks:  If you didn’t want to be loyal to a lord in a kingdom and work a trade, you could work in a religious order of the Catholic Church.

Holy Roman Emperor: crowned by the Pope in Rome as king.  Charlemagne was the first of these and was crowned on Christmas Day, 800 A.D.

Lower Middle Ages (“Dark Ages”): 476 A.D. until about 1066 A.D.

High Middle Ages: About 1066 A.D. until the Renaissance.

The Black Death:  (“The Plague” or “The Bubonic Plague”):  1347 A.D. worst year – brought from China in rats, spread by their fleas.  Horrible deaths, people could die within hours of infection.  Killed about 1/3 of Europe within five years – 25-33 million.

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Student Council:  We will be meeting after school on Wednesdays from 305-405pm currently.  We will visit the Morrison Nursing Home six times this year.  We make cotton candy for dances, we fund raise for TSA, and this year's other initiatives are as follows: Fall: Homecoming Parade Float.  Winter: Winter Carnival.  Spring: To be announced (possibly supporting Recess Relay).