Japanese Vocabulary

As budo is a Japanese martial arts; it is important for all students and 
practitioners to understand the terms and basic words used. Many techniques and 
expressions can have more than one name or word to describe them which can be 
confusing but in the Japanese language there are often different ways to express the same 
word.


Numbers 1-20 
1 - Ichi 
2 - Ni 
3 - San 
4 - Shi 
5 - Go 
6 - Roku 
7 - Shichi 
8 - Hachi 
9 - Ku 
10 - Jyu 
11 - Jyu Ichi 
12 - Jyu Ni 
13 - Jyu San 
14 - Jyu Shi 
15 - Jyu Go 
16 - Jyu Roku 
17 - Jyu Shichi 
18 - Jyu Hachi 
19 - Jyu Ku 
20 - Nijyu 


Age Uke - Rising Block 
Age Zuki - Rising Punch 
Aka - Red 
Ashi Barai - Leg Sweep 
Ashikube -Ankle 
Ate Waza - Smashing Technique 
Awase - Combined 
Awase Zuki - U-Punch


Budo- Martial Way


Choku Zuki - Straight Punch 
Chudan - Middle Level


D
Dachi - Stance 
Dan - Level or Grade 
Do - The Way Of 
Dojo - Place of The Way / Training Place
Dojo-cho - The owner or head of a Japanese dōjō (martial arts training hall).
*The dojocho is not always the chief instructor or highest ranked person, but has an administrative role, or has ownership of the dōjō. The title is used in Japanese martial arts such as judokaratekendoaikido, etc.


Empi -Elbow 
Empi Uchi - Elbow Strike 
Empi Uke - Elbow Block 
Enoy - Relax 
Enpi (Kata) - Flying Swallow


Fudo Dachi -Rooted Stance 
Fumikomi - Stamping Kick 
Fumikiri - Cutting Kick


Gedan - Lower Level 
Gedan Barai - Lower Parry 
Gedan Barai Uke - Lower Level Sweeping Block 
Gedan Zuki - Lower Level Punch 
Geri - Kick 
Gi - Training Suit 
Gohon Kumite - Five Step Sparring 
Gyaku - Reverse 
Gyaku Kansetsu - Against the Joint 
Gyaku Zuki - Reverse Punch 
Gyaku Mawashi Geri - Reverse Round Kick


Hachiji Dachi - Natural / Open Leg Stance 
Hai - Yes 
Haishu Uchi - Back Hand Strike 
Haishu Uke - Back Hand Block 
Haito - Ridge Hand 
Haito Uchi - Ridge Hand Strike 
Haito Uke - Ridge Hand Block 
Hajime - Start 
Haiwan - Back Arm 
Haiwan Uke - Back Arm Block 
Haiwan Nagashi Uke - Back Arm Sweeping Block 
Hanmi -Half Facing Position 
Hara - Lower Abdomen 
Hasami Zuki - Scissors Punch 
Heiko Dachi - Parallel Stance 
Heiko Zuki - Parallel Punch 
Heisoku Dachi - Informal Attention Stance 
Hidari - Left 
Hiraken - Fore Knuckle Fist 
Hiraken Zuki - Fore Knuckle Fist Straight Punch 
Hiza - Knee Hiza Geri - Knee Kick 
Hombu - Main Dojo Headquarters 
Hyosh - Timing


Ippon - One Point 
Ippon Ken - One Knuckle Fist 
Ippon Ken Zuki - One Knuckle Fist Straight Punch 
Ippon Nukite - One Finger Spear Hand


Jiyu Dachi - Free Stance 
Jiyu Ippon Kumite - Semi Free One Step Sparring 
Jiyu Kumite - Free Sparring 
Jodan - Upper Level 
Juji Uke - X Block


Ka - Person 
Kage Uke - Hooking Block 
Kage Zuki - Hooking Punch 
Kakato - Heel 
Kake Uke - Hooking Block 
Kakiwake Uke - Reverse Wedge Block 
Kakuto - Bent Wrist 
Kaiten - Rotating 
Kamae - Posture 
Kamaete - Take Up Position 
Kata - Formal Exercise 
Keage Geri - Snap Kick 
Keito Uke - Chicken Head Wrist Block 
Kekomi Geri - Thrust Kick 
Ken - Fist 
Ki - Spirit / Inner Power 
Kiai - Spirit Shout 
Kiba Dachi - Straddle Leg or Horse Riding Stance 
Kihon - Basic Techniques 
Kihon Ippon Kumite - Basic One Step Sparring 
Kime - Focus 
Kin Geri - Groin Kick 
Kizami Zuki - Front Snap Punch 
Kokutsu Dachi - Back Stance 
Koshi - Ball of the Foot 
Kumade - Bear Hand 
Kumite - Sparring 
Kun - Oath 
Kyu - Grade Below Black Belt


Ma-Ai - Distancing 
Mae - Front 
Mae Geri - Front Kick 
Makiwara - Striking Post 
Mawashi Geri - Roundhouse Kick Mawashi Zuki - Roundhouse Punch 
Mawate - Turn 
Migi - Right 
Migi Zuki Geri - Crescent Kick 
Mizu No Kokoro - Mind Like Water 
Mokuso - Meditation 
Morote Uke - Augmented Block 
Morote Zuki - Augmented Punch 
Morote Tzukami Uki - Two Handed Grasping Block 
Moto Dachi - Original Stance 
Musubi Dachi - Informal Attention 


Nagashi Uke - Sweeping Block 
Naiwan - Inner Arm 
Nakadaka Ippon Ken - Middle Finger One Knuckle Fist 
Nakadaka Ken - Middle Finger Knuckle Fist 
Nami Ashi (Gaeshi) - Inside Leg Block 
Neko Ashi Dachi - Cat Stance 
Nidan Geri - Double Kick 
Nihon Nukite - Two Finger Spear Hand 
Nukite - Spear Hand


Obi - Belt 
Oi Zuki - Stepping Punch 
Osae - Pressing 
Otoshi - Dropping 


Rei - Bow 
Reinoji Dachi - L Stance 
Ren Zuk - Combination Punch 
Ryo - Both 
Ryu - School 


Sambon Kumite - Three Step Sparring 
Sanchin Dachi - Hour Glass Stance 
Seiken - Fore Fist 
Seiza - Kneeling Position (Meditation Posture) 
Seiryuto/Ox Jaw Hand / Block 
Sempai - Senior 
Sensei - Teacher 
Shihan - Master 
Shusin - Referee 
Shiro - White 
Shiko Dachi - Square Stance 
Shizentai - Natural Stance 
Shobu - Competition 
Shuto - Knife hand 
Shuto Uchi - Knife Hand Strike 
Shuto Uke - Knife hand Block 
Sochin Dachi - Diagonal Straddle Leg Stance Sokumen - Side 
Sokutei Mawashi Uke - Circular Sole Block 
Sokuto - Edge of Foot 
Sokuto Osai Uke - Pressing Block With Edge of Foot 
Soto Ude Uke - Outside Forearm Block 
Sukui Uke - Scooping Block 


Tai Sabaki - Body Shifting 
Tameshiwari - Test by Breaking 
Tanden - Navel 
Tate Empi Uchi - Upward Elbow Strike 
Tate Shuto Uke - Vertical Knife Hand Block 
Tate Zuki - Vertical Fist Punch 
Te - Hand 
Teisho - Palm Heel 
Teisho Awase Uke - Combined Palm Heel Block 
Teisho Uchi - Palm Heel Strike 
Teisho Uke - Palm Heel Block 
Teiji Dachi - T Stance 
Tekubi - Wrist 
Tettsui - Bottom Fist 
Te Nagashi Uke - Hand Sweeping Block 
Te Osae Uke - Hand Pressing Block 
Te Waza - Hand Technique 
Tobi - Jumping 
Tobi Tettsui Uchi - Jumping Hammer Fist Strike 
Tokui - Favourite 
Tsukami - Grasping 
Tsumasaki - Tips of Toes or Fingers 
Tsuki - Punching 
Tsuru Ashi Dachi - Crane Leg Stance 


Uchi - Strike 
Uchi Ude Uke - Inside Forearm Block 
Uchi Hachiji Dachi - Inverted Open Leg Stance 
Uchi Waza - Striking Techniques 
Ude - Forearm 
Uke - Block 
Ura Zuki - Close Punch 
Uraken - Back Fist 
Ushiro Geri - Back Kick 
Ushiro Mawashi Geri - Back Roundhouse Kick 
Ushiro Empi Uchi - Back Elbow Strike 


Wa - Harmony 
Wan - Arm 
Washide - Eagle hand 
Waza - Technique


Yama Zuki - Wide U Punch Yame - Stop 
Yoi - Ready 
Yoko - Side 
Yoko Empi - Side Elbow 
Yoko Empi Uchi - Side Elbow Strike 
Yoko Geri - Side Kick


Zanshin - Mental Alertness 
Za Zen - Zen Meditation 
Zenkutsu Dachi - Front Stance 
Zuki - Punch


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