Assessment Strategies


Formative Assessment

Formative assessment is a process used by teachers and students during instruction that provides feedback to adjust ongoing teaching and learning to improve students’ achievement of intended instructional outcomes. 

Critical Attributes of Formative Assessment:

1. Learning progressions should clearly articulate the sub-goals of the ultimate learning goal.

2. Learning goals and criteria for success should be clearly identified and communicated to students

3. Students should be provided with evidence-based feedback that is linked to the intended instructional outcomes and criteria for success.

4. Both self- and peer- assessment are important for providing students an opportunity to think meta-cognitively about their learning.

5. A classroom culture in which teachers and students are partners in learning should be established.
Summative Assessment

Summative Assessments are used to evaluate student learning, skill acquisition, and academic achievement at the conclusion of a defined instructional period—typically at the end of a project, unit, course, semester, program, or school year.


1. The assessment mirrors the learning goals.

2. The content of the assessment reflects the relative importance of each learning goal.

3. The format of the assessment is aligned with the cognitive level of the learning goal.

4. The range of knowledge indicated by the learning goals is the range of knowledge reflected in instruction, which, in turn, is the range of knowledge needed to appropriately respond to assessment items.

5. An assessment should not require students to have specialized knowledge, understanding, skill, or resources beyond what is targeted by the learning goals and is taught or available in class.