W & F Research

On this page you will find the research projects under the "Sustainable Water & Food" course. Scroll below to see the different projects. Under each title heading you will find the abstract to each research project and links to the final presentation as well as links to the researcher's page and/or final report.

CREST & PVHS New Global Citizens Club

posted May 29, 2013, 2:28 PM by Unknown user


Abstract: The purpose of this project was to see if we as sophomores, can successfully start and maintain a branch of New Global Citizens here at Paradise Valley High School (PVHS). We hypothesized that by doing so, we would be able to raise awareness for global issues and instill a strong interest for public service in our members. During our project, some of the steps taken were advertising through popular social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. Throughout every meeting held methods proposed by the NGC organization were practiced such as team activities. The results we were able to find were mostly based off the learning experiences allowed us to be able to be better leaders and club managers. All in all we are very content with the amount of experience we obtained fro a project like this.



Carpooling: A Way of Getting Around

posted May 29, 2013, 2:21 PM by Unknown user


Inline image 1 Abstract:  The number of cars in our streets has become a major problem to both our society as well as our ecosystem. Nowadays, cars are more than just a transportation method, they’re  a necessity. The objective of this research was to analyze the impacts of  motor vehicles in our environment as well as our society; and how carpooling could help reduce those impacts. It was hypothesized that most students and staff members at PVHS do not carpool, but will change their current transportation methods to carpooling if given a carpool subsidy. Also, it was hypothesized that CO2 emissions will reduce if more people were to carpool.








Pinnacle Peak Elementary School Garden and Adolescent Nutrition

posted May 29, 2013, 2:14 PM by Unknown user

By: Alexander Blilie and Emily Powell 

Abstract: Childhood obesity in the United States has become a more prevalent issue in society today than it ever has been before. In 1980, just over 7% of children ages 6-11 were overweight or obese. In 2010, 18% of children were overweight or obese (CDC, 2013). This dramatic increase may be because of a lack of instillation of healthy eating habits, such as an inclination and friendliness towards fruits and vegetables, at a young age. This research project searches for an effective and fun way to help primary educators encourage healthy eating habits in elementary schoolers via a school garden. This garden will be built on the campus of Pinnacle Peak Elementary School in North Scottsdale, and will serve as an outdoor educational tool for basic nutrition and healthy eating concepts. A survey that defines each student’s basic knowledge, understanding, and application of healthy nutrition will be given to the test group prior to any interaction with the garden. After several months of weekly interaction with the garden, including planting, maintenance and observation of it, the same survey will be distributed. The results will show if the garden had any positive effect on the students’ understanding and application of healthy eating habits.    


Keywords: school garden, vegetable garden, primary education, nutrition, eating habits


CREST Water Fountain Efficiency

posted May 29, 2013, 2:05 PM by Unknown user

By: Alex PrescottHansen, Andrew Dela Rosa, and Adam Gach-Davenport 

Abstract: This project was put into practice during the water and food course of our sustainability class. Since we were learning about the different ways to conserve water (e.g. building dams, reservoirs, etc.), we decided on a way to try to help save water here at school. We tested 19 different water fountains at various locations to have a look at their efficiency. Unfortunately, we ran into some problems and obtained misleading data. After looking at the data that we gathered, as inaccurate as it was, we came together and looked for a possible alternative to these water fountains that could help save water. Our teacher projected the idea of a water bottle refill station to us and that’s when we found the Elkay EZH2O water station and took it into consideration. The following information collected from our semester research project goes through the process of which we did and shows how the efficiency of water fountains is in contrast to one of these stations.

Water Efficiency in Landscaping

posted Jun 21, 2012, 2:00 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Jun 25, 2012, 11:19 AM by Unknown user ]

By: Jessica Lindenberg and Alexandra Turley

Abstract: Sprinklers are a very important part of any grassy suburban lawn, as they provide a vital component of life: water. Lawns vary in shapes, sizes, and need for water. There are also many types of sprinklers that a lawn-owner can choose from. Therefore, certain sprinklers will be better suited for certain lawns. This experiment sought to test sprinkler efficiency and other variables. After testing, it was concluded that the pop-up type of sprinkler is the most efficient overall sprinkler for multiple variables. 



Water Efficiency in Landscaping Final Report


Jessica Lindenberg's Research Page

Alexandra Turley's Research Page

Water Quality At Greenway Middle School

posted Jun 21, 2012, 1:47 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Jun 25, 2012, 11:11 AM ]

By: Bethany Ortiz and Samantha Reasons

Abstract: This project was designed as an adaptation to the water quality testing that was conducted in class. The focus of the research was Greenway Middle School and the water was tested for turbidity, hardness, organic material, pH, conductivity, chlorine. The results showed that the water was not sanitary.


Bethany Ortiz's Research Page

Samantha Reasons' Research Page

Quality Water, Quality Restaurant

posted Jun 21, 2012, 1:33 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Jun 25, 2012, 11:23 AM ]

By: Courtney Miller and Pamela Cota

Abstract: Water is a key need of the human race. In this country, we are fortunate enough to have access to water wherever we go, especially at restaurants. Yet, how clean is the water we drink from these establishments. Water samples were taken from multiple types of restaurants and tested for turbidity, hardness, organic material, pH, conductivity, chlorine. All of the water tested, except for one location, was clean. 



Courtney Miller's Research Page

Pamela Cota's Research Page

Investigating Differences in Water Properties Throughout the Paradise Valley School District

posted Jun 21, 2012, 1:26 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Jun 25, 2012, 11:36 AM by Unknown user ]

By: Alex Klug and Nicholas Montiel
(Image from princetonwaterwatch.wordpress.com)
Abstract: As we know, water is a basic human need. Therefore, an adequate and clean water supply is vital to have in schools in a school district. In this experiment, water was collected from each middle school in the Paradise Valley School District to test the integrity of water. This was accomplished by testing the water's organic material, pH, conductivity, and chlorine. In the end, it was found that the water quality of all of the schools was similar and relatively clean.



Investigating Differences in Water Properties Throughout the Paradise Valley School District Final Report


Alex Klug's Research Page

Nicholas Montiel's Research Page

Water Piping Research

posted Jun 21, 2012, 1:17 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Jun 25, 2012, 11:37 AM ]

By: Jeremiah Sweeney

Abstract: Many types of materials are used in the piping industry. Some materials are better for certain purposes than others. This project was designed to test how well different materials hold up when used for the transfer of water. Copper, PVC, and galvanized steel were tested. The results showed that the best type of pipe was the PVC.



Final Presentation

Jeremiah Sweeney's Research Page

Where Flowers Bloom, so does Hope

posted Jun 21, 2012, 1:10 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Jun 25, 2012, 12:05 PM by Unknown user ]

By: Siboney Corella and Shantel Wyke

Abstract: Pollution often negatively affects many things in our world. This experiment was conducted to test the affects of pollution on plants. Vegetation was planted in three different locations (two community parks and one backyard) to measure how the amount of pollution affects plant growth. In the end, the experiment led to the conclusion that pollution does not have a noticeable affect on plant growth in Phoenix.

Where Flowers Bloom, so does Hope Final Report


Siboney Corella's Research Page

Shantel Wyke's Research Page

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