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The Omnivore’s Dilemma Food Chain Project

Pollan follows each of the food chains that sustain us—Industrial meal; an Industrial Organic meal; a Local Sustainable meal, and a Hunted and Gathered meal—and in the process develops a definitive account of the American way of eating. His narrative takes us from Iowa cornfields to food-science laboratories, from feedlots and fast-food restaurants to organic farms and hunting grounds.

We have spent a great deal of time analyzing the different techniques Pollan uses in order to inform and persuade his readers about their food options. We have also spent some time analyzing the four food chains for nutritional value, impacts on local economies, environments, as well as issues of social equity created by each system. 

Task: You will become an expert and create an informative book on one of the four food chains.

In your book, be sure to address the following:                                                                                                          -A cover page with a title and graphic                                                                                                                       -Define chosen food chain (explaining where the food comes from)                                                                        -Create a meal that will feed a family of four and include the production price for that meal.                                                  -Nutritional information                                                                                                                                                -Health Concerns that can be linked to the food chain                                                                                                -Environmental impact of the food chain                                                                                                                    -Analysis of economic and social impact of the food chain                                                                                                -Graphics, charts, diagrams, etc.                                                                                                                                -Work Cited                                                                                                                                                                -About the author                                                                                                                                                          -Dedication page

The Outsiders Analytical Essay                                                         

Evidence and AnalysisIn preparation for drafting, students graded sample paragraphs, critiquing the evidence and analysis. 


The Drafting Process  (10/17/2016- 10/31/2016)

Outline/ first draft: Once students chose their prompt we spent several days in class working on outlines and a first draft.  I provided feedback for students on their first draft and allowed them time during class (and time at home) to make the necessary revisions.


Second draft: Students color coded various parts of their essays ensuring that each paragraph had a topic sentence, introduction to evidence, two pieces of evidence,  and sufficient analysis. After completing this activity many students realized that they were lacking analysis.

Third draft: Students made the necessary changes from their second drafts, and peer edited their third drafts. 

 Final drafts: The final draft should have had all necessary corrections (using my feedback). Students did not have to incorporate their peers’ edits but should have considered their recommendations.

Wanted Poster (Friday, September 30th, 2016)

Students make “Wanted” posters for the character in The Outsiders.                                                                         Posters should include: Character name, hand drawn visual of character, accusations, physical description, personality traits, Specific acts committed, known hangouts and nicknames, what to do if found and amount of reward.

                                 Conformity/Nonconformity 
This year, we will explore conformity and nonconformity, examining how and why people push against or conform to the expectations of a society. This central theme ultimately asks you to reflect on your own decisions and who you are as an individual. Some questions we will consider are: Is conformity beneficial? What factors influence the choices that you make? How effectively can your writing reveal your identity? Are human beings inherently good or evil?

Poetry Analysis

Nothing Gold Can Stay by Robert Frost 

An allusion allows reader to understand new information, characters, plot, setting, etc. by connecting it to something already known. Hinton alludes to Frost's poem in her novel, in order to deepen our understanding of the plot. 



Mother to Son by Langston Hughes 

In this poem, Hughes writes about a conversation between a mother and her son. She tells her son to continue to strive despite life’s hardships. Students annotated the poem, marking any lines that seem to make a connection to The Outsiders.

      
  Socratic Seminar:                                                                                                                                           The purpose of a Socratic Seminar is to develop a shared meaning of a text.  Through a process of listening, making meaning, and finding common ground we are going to use this period to work towards shared understanding of conformity and non-conformity, as it appears in the novel.  This seminar is not used to debate or to prove a particular argument.

Focus #1 (Friday, September 16th, 2016)

Do social class and wealth affect happiness?
What makes up the soc and greaser identity?
What are the limitations of friendship?
How do the characters respond to conflict differently?
What seems to be the novel’s message about innocence?

Focus #2 (Friday, September 23rd, 2016)                                                                                                             •Based on the stereotypical “norms” (in The Outsiders), what group does Dally fit in with best?                                    •Based on the stereotypical “norms” (in The Outsiders), what group does Darry fit in with best?                                    •What group does Ponyboy identify with?

 Focus # 3 (Friday, October 7th, 2016)                                                                                                                                           The Outsiders offering an optimistic or pessimistic view of the world?                                                                                   Is the message of the book one of hope or hopelessness?                                                                                

 
Journal Entry Topics: 
Entry 1- Where I'm From (draft)

Entry 2-  Choose one character that you believe chooses to conform to societal expectations. Why and how might this character conform? Is conforming a choice?

 Entry 3- What is the purpose of a rubric? How has it helped you better partake in accountable talk?  What do you feel like you're doing better this time? What will you now do in the future?

 Entry 4- In chapter 8 Randy and Ponyboy start to see each other as people, not just Greasers or Socs. Why should society learn to do the same and not use looks and status to judge someone's character? How can stereotypes lead people to misjudge others?

 Entry 5-What advice is the mother giving to her son in this poem? In your opinion, which character in The Outsiders could have benefited most from the advice in this poem?

Entry 8- Do you agree or disagree with Malone’s criticism of The Outsiders? Why? 


Independent Reading 
Habits of an effective reader include:  

- Activate Schemata (make connections: text to self, text to text, text to world)                                          - Visualize                                                                                                                                                                          - Question                                                                                                                                                                    - Determine Importance                                                                                                                                                   Make Inferences                                                                                                                                                - Synthesize                                                                                                                                                                    - Monitor for Meaning

Group Activities                                                                                          Silent Conversation: 
This discussion strategy uses writing and silence as tools to help students explore a topic in-depth. Having a written conversation with peers slows down students’ thinking process and gives them an opportunity to focus on the views of others. This strategy also creates a visual record of students’ thoughts and questions that can be referred to later in a course. Using the Big Paper strategy can help engage shy students who are not as likely to participate in a verbal discussion. After using this strategy several times, students’ comfort, confidence, and skill with this method increase (Facing History and Ourselves).
Focus Questions (Wednesday, September 14th 2016)
•How does conformity affect identity?
In what forms does conformity appear in the novel?
What are the costs and benefits of conformity or nonconformity to a peer group?
How does a person's relationship with his/her peers affect the kind of person he/she will become?
How does the presence of a peer group affect our ability to construct our OWN identity?


Focus Questions (Tuesday, October 11th, 2016)                                                                                                      ·                           What are some strong points Malone makes in his literary critique?

     What are some weak points Malone makes against The Outsiders?

     What Is Michael Malone's claim regarding the setting of  Hinton's novels?

     What components of The Outsiders does Malone criticize for being unrealistic?

     In what ways does Malone criticize  the characterization of The Outsiders?

                                                 
Unit 1: The Outsiders 
                                                                                                         
This unit will consist of lessons and activities revolving around themes presented in the novel. Students will be exposed to  several writing activities throughout the unit. 

Journal entries will focus on different characters, themes, issues, and specific events. Written entries are mostly creative and personal, answering prompts that deal with the novel. 


Students should be reading independently every day for at least 35 minutes. Students should be reading texts they can read independently, with fluency, accuracy, and comprehension. Research evidence suggests that volume of reading is linked to attaining higher-order literacy proficiencies (Allington, 2012; Brozo et al, 2008, Cipielewski & Stanovich, 1992).