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Jamaican Greater Funnel-eared Bat

Family Natalidae (Funnel-eared bats)
Jamaican Greater Funnel-eared Bat




Habitat: Jamaican Greater Funnel-eared Bats are only found on one place on Earth: the St. Clair Cave of Jamaica. They need large caves with high humidity in order to survive. This habitat is called a “hot cave”, which has poor ventilation and very high temperature and humidity level. They roost on the lower parts of the caves.


Nutrition: These bats, like all funnel-eared bats, have an insectivorous diet. They find food in cluttered and dense vegetation, and only travel short distances to find food. They look for small flying insects in a small ranged area.




Reproduction: Like other bats of this family, Jamaican Greater Funnel-eared bats have a gestation period of about 10 months. Their offspring weighs about a half of the mass of the adult form of the bat. Females give birth to one bat per year.


Family relationships: Since these bats only give birth to a single young at end of dry season, it leads to a closer bond to offspring. The mother puts in all efforts to care for the single young.


Ecological niche: The bat's diet of insects has a high impact on insect populations of their region. This in turn can help agriculture, because the insects often destroy the crops.



Keystone species: The low population of these bats means that they do not have a big impact on their environment. However, they live with feral domestic cats in the caves which hunt and feed on them. They are an easy target for the cats since they roost low in the caves and can easily be grabbed. They are a easy source of food for the cats.


Symbiosis: Due to the fact that there are so few of these animals, not much research has been done to see the relationship between these animals and other species.


Endangered?: These bats are critically endangered, because they are only found in one location and their population is declining. It is estimated that there are only 50 bats of this left in St. Clair Cave in Jamaica. There is also no official protection, and the population could suffer from slight external climate changes, that have a much greater change on the                                                                                    cave climate.


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