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Demeter is the Goddess of the harvest, fertility, sacred law and agriculture. She gaveman food and farming, and without her blessing they would surely die of starvation. Her parents are Chronus and Rhea. She has 5 siblings: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, and Hestia. Her first child was with Zeus, and she had a daughter. Her name was Persephone. But, Demeter had no idea that Zeus had promised their daughter to be the wife of Hades, who is the God of the Underworld. One day, Persephone was out in a field, when she spotted the most beautiful flower. As she bent down to pick it up, Hades came out of the ground and kidnapped her. Soon Demeter found out about her daughters disappearance, and for nine days she roamed the earth in search of her daughter. Eventually, Poseidon, her other brother, saw her distress and took advantage of her. Later on she gave birth to a stallion called Arion, and a daughter whose name is only known to the initiated.

Eventually Demeter turned herself into a mortal and roamed the earth carelessly, in grief and despair. Her mortal name was Doso, and she was a refugee from pirates. While she was working at a well, a young woman named Callidice said that their mother Metameria had borne a son, but she could not take care of her. So, Demeter took care of the son and tried turning him immortal by setting him in embers and coals. When Metameria found out about this, she shamed Demeter, but she had no idea that Demeter was a Goddess. She threatened to kill the son, then made the people of Eleusis build a statue of her. 

Demeter still mourned her missing daughter, so she thought of s terrible punishment for the Gods and men. She made all the crops stop growing, and the soil dry and barren. Eventually goats, cattle and even human beings were dying of starvation. She vowed that never again she would tread on Olympus soil. Zeus took matters into his own hands and sent Hermes down to the underworld to get Persephone to be rejoined with her mother. Hades understood, and he sent her off. But he did not trust her, so he gave her the seed of a pomegranate, which is the fruit of the dead, and if she ate this she would have to go back to the Underworld. Once they were reunited, the crops began to grow again, and the harvest was growing. But once every year Persephone must return to Hades to take her spot as queen. During this time the fruits on the trees begin to rot and fall, and the leaves on the trees die. And when she returns there is a blossoming of flowers and new plants. 

Demeter, The Goddess of the Harvest

Demeter and Persephone explained

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