Fetal Cardiomyopathy

Pedra SR, Smallhorn JF, Ryan G, Chitayat D, Taylor GP, Khan R, Abdolell M, Hornberger LK. Fetal cardiomyopathies: pathogenic mechanisms, hemodynamic findings, and clinical outcome. Circulation. 2002 Jul 30;106(5):585-91.

Fetal congestive heart failure. Huhta JC. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2005 Dec;10(6):542-52. Epub 2005 Sep 30. Review. PMID: 16199214 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Prenat Diagn. 2007 Jan;27(1):23-8.

Fetal cardiomyopathy--in utero evaluation and clinical significance.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2012 Jan;25(1):112-20. Epub 2011 Oct 19.

Echocardiographic diagnosis and prognosis of fetal left ventricular noncompaction.

 Curr Pharm Des. 2010;16(26):2929-34.

Diagnosis and prognosis of fetal cardiomyopathies: a review.


Division of Cardiology, Casa del Sole Hospital, Palermo. mongiovi40@hotmail.com


Pediatr Cardiol. 2005 Sep-Oct;26(5):543-52.

Cardiac function assessment in patients with family history of nonhypertrophic cardiomyopathy: a prenatal and postnatal study.

Am J Cardiol. 2005 Aug 15;96(4):582-6.

Improving outcomes in fetuses and neonates with congenital displacement (Ebstein's malformation) or dysplasia of the tricuspid valve.