*AP Biology Preface

    Day 1 Homework (Aug. 23-27):
    1. Sign into our Edmodo page (Join code: h22e3u) - set your notifications to send you email and/or text.
    2. If you don't have a google Account, create one using your school email address.
    3. Email me from your school email account.
    4. Download the free smartboard software so you can open my class notes. (optional)  Smartboard Express Viewer (no download)
    5. Bookmark the course web page.
    6. Finish your AP Biology Diagnostic test with analysis - -(due next class)
    7. Read the Article: In Light of Evolution (I've shared it with you through Google Docs) Write a short reflection making at least three points. (share with me using google doc with the title "Firstname.lastinitital- Evol Article reflection".)
    8. You may also want to look ahead and get started on unit 1 assignments found here.   

    Big Idea 1: The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life.

    Enduring understanding 1.A: Change in the genetic makeup of a population over time is evolution.

    Essential knowledge:

    1.A.1: Natural selection is a major mechanism of evolution.

    1.A.2: Natural selection acts on phenotypic variations in populations.

    1.A.3: Evolutionary change is also driven by random processes.

    1.A.4: Biological evolution is supported by scientific evidence from many disciplines, including mathematics.



    Enduring understanding 1.B: Organisms are linked bylines of descent from common ancestry.

    Essential knowledge:

    1.B.1: Organisms share many conserved core processes and features that evolved and are widely distributed among organisms today.

    1.B.2: Phylogenetic trees and cladograms are graphical representations (models) of evolutionary history that can be tested.


    Enduring understanding 1.C: Life continues to evolve within a changing environment.

    Essential knowledge:

    1.C.1: Speciation and extinction have occurred throughout the Earth’s history.

    1.C.2: Speciation may occur when two populations become reproductively isolated from each other.

    1.C.3: Populations of organisms continue to evolve.

    Enduring understanding 1.D: The origin of living systems is explained by natural processes.

    Essential knowledge:

    1.D.1: There are several hypotheses about the natural origin of life on Earth, each with supporting scientific evidence.

    1.D.2: Scientific evidence from many different disciplines supports models of the origin of life.

    Big Idea 2: Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce, and to maintain dynamic homeostasis.

    Enduring understanding 2.A: Growth, reproduction and maintenance of the organization of living systems require free energy and matter.

    Essential knowledge :

    2.A.1: All living systems require constant input of free energy.

    2.A.2: Organisms capture and store free energy for use in biological processes.

    2.A.3: Organisms must exchange matter with the environment to grow, reproduce and maintain organization.


    Enduring understanding 2.B: Growth, reproduction and dynamic homeostasis require that cells create and maintain internal environments that are different from their external environments.

    Essential knowledge:

    2.B.1: Cell membranes are selectively permeable due to their structure.

    2.B.2: Growth and dynamic homeostasis are maintained by the constant movement of molecules across membranes.

    2.B.3: Eukaryotic cells maintain internal membranes that partition the cell into specialized regions.


    Enduring understanding 2.C: Organisms use feedback mechanisms to regulate growth and reproduction, and to maintain dynamic homeostasis.

    Essential knowledge:

    2.C.1: Organisms use feedback mechanisms to maintain their internal environments and respond to external environmental changes.

    2.C.2: Organisms respond to changes in their external environments.


    Enduring understanding 2.D: Growth and dynamic homeostasis of a biological system are influenced by changes in the system’s environment.

    Essential knowledge:

    2.D.1: All biological systems from cells and organisms to populations, communities and ecosystems are affected by complex biotic and abiotic interactions involving exchange of matter and free energy.

    2.D.2: Homeostatic mechanisms reflect both common ancestry and divergence due to adaptation in different environments.

    2.D.3: Biological systems are affected by disruptions to their dynamic homeostasis.

    2.D.4: Plants and animals have a variety of chemical defenses against infections that affect dynamic homeostasis.


    Enduring understanding 2.E: Many biological processes involved in growth, reproduction and dynamic homeostasis include temporal regulation and coordination.

    Essential knowledge:

    2.E.1: Timing and coordination of specific events are necessary for the normal development of an organism, and these events are regulated by a variety of mechanisms.

    2.E.2: Timing and coordination of physiological events are regulated by multiple mechanisms.

    2.E.3: Timing and coordination of behavior are regulated by various mechanisms and are important in natural selection.



    Big Idea 3: Living systems store, retrieve, transmit, and respond to information essential to life processes.

    Enduring understanding 3.A: Heritable information provides for continuity of life.

    Essential knowledge:

    3.A.1: DNA, and in some cases RNA, is the primary source of heritable information.

    3.A.2: In eukaryotes, heritable information is passed to the next generation via processes that include the cell cycle and mitosis or meiosis plus fertilization.

    3.A.3: The chromosomal basis of inheritance provides an understanding of the pattern of passage (transmission) of genes from parent to offspring.

    3.A.4: The inheritance pattern of many traits cannot be explained by simple Mendelian genetics.


    Enduring understanding 3.B: Expression of genetic information involves cellular and molecular mechanisms.

    Essential knowledge:

    3.B.1: Gene regulation results in differential gene expression, leading to cell specialization.

    3.B.2: A variety of intercellular and intracellular signal transmissions mediate gene expression.


    Enduring understanding 3.C: The processing of genetic information is imperfect and is a source of genetic variation.

    Essential knowledge:

    3.C.1: Changes in genotype can result in changes in phenotype.

    3.C.2: Biological systems have multiple processes that increase genetic variation.

    3.C.3: Viral replication results in genetic variation, and viral infection can introduce genetic variation into the hosts.


    Enduring understanding 3.D: Cells communicate by generating, transmitting and receiving chemical signals.

    Essential knowledge:

    3.D.1: Cell communication processes share common features that reflect a shared evolutionary history.

    3.D.2: Cells communicate with each other through direct contact with other cells or from a distance via chemical signaling.

    3.D.3: Signal transduction pathways link signal reception with cellular response.

    3.D.4: Changes in signal transduction pathways can alter cellular response.


    Enduring understanding 3.E: Transmission of information results in changes within and between biological systems.

    Essential knowledge:

    3.E.1: Individuals can act on information and communicate it to others.

    3.E.2: Animals have nervous systems that detect external and internal signals, transmit and integrate information, and produce responses.



    Big Idea 4: Biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions possess complex properties.

    Enduring understanding 4.A: Interactions within biological systems lead to complex properties.

    Essential knowledge:

    4.A.1: The subcomponents of biological molecules and their sequence determine the properties of that molecule.

    4.A.2: The structure and function of subcellular components, and their interactions, provide essential cellular processes.

    4.A.3: Interactions between external stimuli and regulated gene expression result in specialization of cells, tissues and organs.

    4.A.4: Organisms exhibit complex properties due to interactions between their constituent parts.

    4.A.5: Communities are composed of populations of organisms that interact in complex ways.

    4.A.6: Interactions among living systems and with their environment result in the movement of matter and energy.


    Enduring understanding 4.B: Competition and cooperation are important aspects of biological systems.

    Essential knowledge:

    4.B.1: Interactions between molecules affect their structure and function.

    4.B.2: Cooperative interactions within organisms promote efficiency in the use of energy and matter.

    4.B.3: Interactions between and within populations influence patterns of species distribution and abundance.

    4.B.4: Distribution of local and global ecosystems changes over time.


    Enduring understanding 4.C: Naturally occurring diversity among and between components within biological systems affects interactions with the environment.

    Essential knowledge:

    4.C.1: Variation in molecular units provides cells with a wider range of functions.

    4.C.2: Environmental factors influence the expression of the genotype in an organism.

    4.C.3: The level of variation in a population affects population dynamics.

    4.C.4: The diversity of species within an ecosystem may influence the stability of the ecosystem.


    AP Bio PrefaceStudent.notebook
    Craig Savage,
    Aug 28, 2012, 5:39 AM