Part 1 - History of DNA, DNA Structure, DNA Replication, DNA Function, Protein Synthesis, and Introduction to Gene Control.
Homework Oct. 8-9
- Watch the first 3 videos below
- Take notes in your new note packets.
Homework Oct. 10-14
- Watch the 3 videos below on Protein Synthesis (scroll down)
- Take notes in your note packets.
Homework Oct. 15-16
- Prepare for Protein Synthesis Quiz
- Watch the video Gene Control Part 1 (scroll down)
Homework Oct. 17-20
- Take the first part of the DNA/Protein Synthesis Test on Edmodo
- Prepare for the second part in class on Monday
- Come get your graded quizzes before you leave on Friday
| Essential Questions:
- How is the genetic code maintained and transferred across living things?
- How are all living things connected by the genetic code?
- How does the genetic code determine organismal traits?
- How does the work of many scientists combine for our modern understand of genetic systems?
- How does the genetic code change?
- What is the nature of gene control and cell differentiation?
- How do cells pass along copies of their genetic material?
- How does sexual recombination create genetic diversity?
- How do we understand genetics and the process of inheritance?
- How does our understanding of DNA structure and function, meiosis, and fertilization help us understand the process of trait inheritance?
- What variations on Mendel’s themes do we know?
- What is the nature of sex chromosomes and what implications does that have for genetics?
- What are linked genes?
- What happens when the process goes wrong?
- Define and illustrated the structure of nucleic acids..
- Explore the historical research discoveries that led to the understanding of the structure and function of DNA.
- Explain in detail the structure and function of DNA.
- Explain in detail the role of RNA in protein synthesis.
- Discuss the universality of the DNA code and how that relates to the interconnectedness of all living things.
- Explain the “central dogma.”
- Describe in detail the process of DNA replication.
- Describe in detail Protein synthesis – Transcription and translation.
- Explain how structure relates to function in DNA replication and transcription and translation.
- Discuss the role of enzymes in the processes above.
- Discuss how mistakes can be made and repaired during DNA replication.
- Discuss how mistakes/modifications can be made during transcription and translation.
- Discuss the sources of mutations – environmental and otherwise.
- Understand the immediate and long term impact of mutations and modifications on the final product.
- Describe the organization of DNA and proteins into Chromosomes.
- Explain how this structure relates to its functioning.
- Differentiate between cell division and nuclear division.
- Discuss how our understanding of DNA structure, function, and replication relates to cell division.
- Compare and contrast asexual and sexual reproduction as it relates to the inheritance of genetic material and genetic diversity.
- Explain the importance of meiosis and fertilization
- Describe in detail the events of meiosis.
- Illustrate the processes of meiosis, and fertilization
- Discuss how genetic variation impacts the overall population.
- Describe in detail Mendel’s contribution to our understanding of genetics in a historic context.
- Explain the concept of dominance and how it led to our understanding of the particulate nature of genes.
- Define genotype and phenotype.
- Explain in detail the laws of segregation and independent assortment.
- Illustrate how these laws can be explained by the physical processes during meiosis.
- Employ the use of Punnett squares to analyze genetic combinations and offspring probabilities.
- Explain a few simple laws of probability that govern simple Mendelian genetics.
- Explore the various variations on Mendel’s discoveries – incomplete dominance, co-dominance, polygenics, multiple alleles, plieotropy.
- Employ punnett squares to analyze these variations.
- Explain pedigrees.
- Use pedigree analysis to track and predict the expression of a trait or the presence of a gene.
- Investigate Morgan’s experiments on fruit flies and explain the concept of sex-linked traits.
- Differentiate between autosomes and sex chromosomes.
- Investigate the effect of linked genes on independent assortment.
- Explain how we can use cross-over data to map the relative location of linked genes on a chromosome.
- Discuss chromosomal mutations.
- Discuss how variations in chromosome structure affect individuals - with specific examples.
- Describe variations in chromosome number and the effects of these variations – use specific examples.
| Activities, Readings and Viewings:
- Read – Campbell chapters 16 – 20
- DNA models