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All goals have been accomplished!

1a. Teachers promote, support, and model creative and innovative thinking and inventiveness, 
1b. Teachers engage students in exploring real-world issues and solving authentic problems using digital tools and resources. 

"Calculative thinking computes ... it races from one prospect to the next. It never stops, never collects itself. It is not meditative thinking, not thinking which contemplates the meaning that reigns in everything there is ... Meditative thinking demands of us that we engage ourselves with what, at first sight, does not go together."

—The Memorial Address


During the first trimester our discussions of Plato’s dialogues and Cicero’s essays rotated around the idea of calculative thinking, an idea that will continue to be of significance to our discussion of philosophy this trimester.  By trying to state more clearly what calculative thinking means, the early weeks of the winter trimester will involve the writing of a paper on the idea of calculative thinking.  By selecting three real-world sources that may be from journals, the internet, or other multimedia, (such as film) the task will be to compare the evaluation of our philosophers to the real world itself.  To write a two-page paper that analyzes the articles or multimedia presentations chosen as examples of calculative or mediative thinking.  Ideas that you use might state clearly how they are understood by the philosophers studied that contemporary people are more thoughtless than thoughtful not because they try to escape from thinking but on account of what they understand thinking to do. Calculative thinkers usually like to think with certain situations in mind.  Did your research affirm or deny the claims of our philosophers accusation of our contemporary times?  As a result, did you find that the consequence of your research showed that thinking today is actually the reaction to a plan, a description, or organization but not a reaction to thinking itself? 


Prompt – 2-page essay -

According to the current trends, philosophers have shown that people today skew their thinking towards calculative thinking. Although philosophers refer to meditative thinking as the way to philosophic thinking, they point out that both calculative and meditative thinking is relevant but that people should not be absorbed in one type of thinking.  In your view, is the prevelant way of thinking today calculative as the philosophers assert?


The students were to compile research that showed whether or not we live in an age that prefers calculative thinking over meditative thinking?  And, if so, why. 


In writing their essays students include the research of three articles or multimedia presentations (including films) that act as examples of calculative thinking.  Or, if they thought that meditative thinking is closer to most people than the philosophers studies recognize they are to include articles or films that demonstrate their view on meditative thinking. 

1c. Teachers promote student reflection using collaborative tools to reveal and clarify students’ conceptual understanding and thinking, planning, and creative processes, 
1d. Teachers model collaborative knowledge construction by engaging in learning with students, colleagues, and others in face-to-face and virtual environments.

As a way to teach the art and science of philosophic essay writing, students and use the computer as a collaborative tool and as the means to promote student reflection, they are taken to the computer lab.  In the computer lab, a hands-on experience of how and why of philosophy paper writing is conducted while students are actually in the act of thinking and writing their paper.  During this class time a wealth of encouraging tips and practical advice is offered.  The dual experience of speaking about writing a paper and the action of writing makes for a success in our philosophy class.  

The class designed to promote student reflection using collaborative develops from a three part approach. 

·         The first teaches students how to learn effective ways to read philosophy texts and primary materials, how to take good notes, and how to acquire informed opinions--all essential tools to success in eventually writing philosophy papers.  This first part is covered in the classroom setting and complimented with PowerPoint presentations.

·         The second part is taught in the computer lab by covering basic critical reading and writing strategies, such as picking a topic, following basic style rules, developing a thesis, how to transition from one paragraph to the next, and using appropriate citation practices.

·         The final part is also taught in the computer lab as students are busy writing their papers and include motivation and basic study strategies.  Treatment of the value of the Internet research will be added next year. This discussion will aim to show philosophy students how effectively to use the Internet while not at the same time being used by the Internet!   This is a major problem with Internet use and often a problem not addressed.