Library‎ > ‎

Bibliographies and Style Guide

Need a "PURPLE SHEET"? Click HERE.  

It is essential to have a good understanding of the correct format and style for essays and reports. This guide is designed to be used as a manual to help you with the format of your assignments and the citations (bibliography, in-text) related to them.
There are two very well known styles of documentation from the MLA (Modern Languages Association) and the APA (American Psychological Association). This style guide conforms to these in terms of basic principles and is accepted at John McCrae S.S.. However, at the post-secondary level, you should check the specific directions given to you by your professor or instructor.

Note: We do NOT Recommend Easybib for MLA 8. Many of the generated entries are missing essential information.

(or what to do if your forgot to write down an important detail from your source)

Highlights from the Style Guide are listed here.  
Style Guide compiled with contributions from N. Faraday, JMSS Library, Cornell University Library, and OWL at Purdue.
Creating a Works Cited List/Bibliography
1. Use italics, not underlining, for titles of long works.
2. All entries must identify the resource's medium (print, web, DVD, etc.)
3. When more than one copyright is given, use the most recent.
4. When more than one town of publication is given, choose the closest.
5. Use "n.d." or "n.p." to signify "no date" or "no publisher" given.
6. If the author's first name is given on the title page, use it - don't change the way an author gives his or her name. (eg. put initial only)
7. Always put your Works Cited list in alphabetical order and do not number the entries.
One Author
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. Between the World and Me. Speigel and Grau, 2015.

Two Authors
Holmlund, Mona, and Gail Youngberg. Inspiring Women: A Celebration of Herstory. Coteau Books, 2003. 
Editor as "Author"
Letheridge, S., and C.R. Cannon, Eds. Bilingual Education: Teaching English
      as a Second Language. Praeger, 1999. 
Institution/Association as "Author"
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of
     Mental Disorders. 3rd. ed. 1980.
 Encyclopedia Article with Author (in book format)
Leopold, Luna B. “Surface Water.” McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 6th ed., vol. 18,             McGraw-Hill, 1997, pp. 31–36
Encyclopedia Article with Author (from online)
Kaku, Michio. "Einstein, Albert." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica,
            3 Aug. 2018,
Magazine Article (in print)
Shuker, Ronnie. “Hockey in the Himalayas.” The Hockey News, 18 June 2018, pp. 48–51.
Magazine Article (from online database)
Hamdi, Omar. "The Other Side of the Bitcoin." New Internationalist, no. 511, Apr. 2018, p. 37. Canadian         Points of View Reference Centre. EBSCOhost,                                             direct=true&db=p3h&AN=128444310&lang=en-ca&site=pov-can.
Magazine Article (from magazine website)
Whittington-HIill, Lisa. “When It Comes to Representations of OCD in Media, We Can Do so Much
Better.” This Magazine, 2018,
in -media-we-can-do-so-much-better/.
Newspaper Article (in print)
Cohen, D. "Professionals Face Tax Rise as Revenue Canada Targets Personal Service Corporations." The
 Ottawa Citizen 1 Sept. 1990,p.A3.

Newspaper Article (from online database)
same as Magazine from database (above)
Newspaper Article (from newspaper website)
same as Magazine from website (above)
Journal Articles (from online databases)
Culhane, Sara E. and Heather N. Taussig. "The Structure of Problem Behavior in a Sample of Maltreated
 Youths." Social Work Research, vol. 33, no. 2, June 2009, p. 70. EBSCOhost,

Journal Articles (from journal websites)

Rogers, Janine. “‘A Beauty and Daring All Its Own’: A Note on Science and Canadian Literature.”
Canadian Literature, vol. 221, 2016, pp. 6–16.,
a-note-on-science-and-canadian-literature/. Accessed 17 August 2018. 
Images from Online Sources
DJ, J'ram. “Water Drops on Flower.” Flickr, 24 Nov. 2011,


Ferris, Tim. “Smash Fear, Learn anything.” Ted Talks, December 2008,

Page from Website

“Benefits & Risks of Artificial Intelligence.” Future of Life Institute,
benefits-risks-of-artificial-intelligence/. Accessed 17 August 2018.

Didn't find the type of citation you were looking for?  Scroll up and click to the complete JMSS Style Guide.