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Citing Sources


What is a Citation?
A citation is a way to give credit to individuals for use of their ideas and work in order to support one's research.  
It is also a way to avoid plagiarism in one's writing.

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is using one's words or ideas without giving credit to that person.

MLA Citation Examples

Books
Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication:                     Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

Periodicals
Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical                 Volume (Year): Pages. Medium (Print or Web).

Website
Lastname, Firstname of author or editor. Title of Page. Title of         overall site if distinct from page title. Version or edition            used. Publisher or sponsor. Date of publication. Medium            (web) Date of access.

Library Database
Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical.                 Volume. (Date): pages. Name of Database. Medium                  (web) Date of access.

YouTube Video

Author’s Name or Poster’s Username. “Title of Image or                     Video.” Media Type Text. Name of Website. Name of                 Website’s Publisher, date of posting. Medium. date                     retrieved.

Tweet
Lastname, Firstname (Twitter username). "Tweet in its                          entirety." date & time of tweet. Tweet.

Image
Lastname, Firstname of Artist. Work of Art Title. date of                     creation.  Institution and city where the work is housed.             Name of Website. medium of publication. Date if access.

When do we Cite?
  • When using information from: books, journal articles, web pages, periodicals, radio, electronic resources, etc...
  • When you use the exact words of someone else
  • When using visuals that you yourself did not create. Examples: photographs, charts, diagrams. etc...

Common Citation Style Guides


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