MLA Works Cited Format

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  • The MLA is the Modern Language Association of America, a professional association located in NYC. One of their jobs is to provide a format for citation.
    • Yes, these need to be followed exactly. Try and locate all information on your source it calls for. This includes:
      • Italics
      • Colons, commas and periods placed correctly.
      • Spaces in the right places.
      • Hanging indentations (use the ruler at the top of your Google Doc).
      • Alphabetical listing of sources.
  • This guide is divided by source. There are source examples followed by formatting examples.
  • BE RESOURCEFUL: sometimes pages provide the citation for you; NoodleTools and EasyBib are available to assist with formatting.
  • Over the past few years due to internet-based and other non-print sources, citation has changed quite a bit. This guide is intended to provide citing formats for most sources you will use. Use the MLA Formatting and Style Guide at Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab (OWL) for details.
  • There is a downloadable version of this form for downloading, printing, hanging on the fridge, ect. attached to the bottom of the page.

Sources found on the web


        “Winding filaments is fun and educational.” Custom Manufacturing of Composites: Filament Winding. n.d. Web. 31 Nov. 2000.

        Name of person/author responsible for webpage if known. Title of page in quotations. Name of Site in italics. Date published (if available… if not, then put “n.d.”) Web. Date of access. (when you got your information from the site).



        Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine. 1922. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive. Web. 22 May 2006.

        Name of artist/photographer (creator of image). Name of image (in italics). Location of image (if available). Name of website where image was found (in italics). Web. Date of access (Day Month Year).


Article from an Online Subscription service (such as Country Reports, CultureGrams, or World Book Online)

        Formica, Doris V. “The 21st Century Kitchen.” Great Housekeeping. 1 Mar. 2000: 45-50. General Reference. Infotrac Reference Gold. Web. 4 Dec. 2000.

        Author of article (if available). Title of article (in quotations). Name of original publication (italics). Original publication date: pages. Title of subscription service. Web. Date of access. (i.e today’s date)


Selection from an Online Reference Work (such as Wikipedia, Britannica, )

        “Gridiron football.” Encyclopedia Britannica. 28 Nov. 2005.  Web. 20 Dec. 2013.

        Article title (in quotations). Name of online reference work (italics). Date of publication (dd. Mmm. YYYY.) Web. Date of access (dd.Mmm.YYYY.)


Traditional Sources (print)

Book with one Author

        Barton, Johannes G. The Middle School Librarian Revealed. New York: Libraries Unlimited, 1999. Print.


         Author. Book title (italics). Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Print.


Book with two authors

        Riga, Nancy R., and R. G. Torrance. The Wonderful World of Antiques. New York: Dutton, 1997. Print.

        Authors. (Last name first for first author only). Book title (italics). Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Print.


Book with more than two authors

        Cipini, Thomas, Forrest W. Greene, and Richard C. Botane. Woods of the World. Chicago: New Forrest Press, 1976. Print.

        Author. Book title (italics). Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Print.


Selection from an anthology (such as a collection of short stories)

        Procopio, Michael. “On Toast.” Best Food Writing 2011. Ed. Holly Hughes. New York: De Capo, 2011. 297. Print.

        Author of selection.”Title of selection” (in quotations). Title of anthology (italics). Editor. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Page number. Print.


Selection from reference work

        “Quantum mechanics.” New Book of Popular Science. Vol. 7. New York: Grolier,1995. 78. Print.

        Author (if available). Title of article/ selection (in quotations). Title of reference work (italics). Volume (if applicable). Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication. Page number. Print.


Magazine Article from a popular magazine or newspaper article

        Chronus, Dawn O. “Time Marches On.” Discovering Science 1 Mar. 1999: 33-39. Print.

        Author of magazine article (if available). Title of article (in quotations). Magazine title (italics). Date of publication; Page numbers. Print.

        Fermici, Garth D. “Alternatives to ‘North Colorado’ secession touted before Tuesday vote.” Denver Post 5 Apr. 2000: 5C. Print.

        Author of  newspaper article. Title of article (in quotations). Name of newspaper (italics). Date of publication: Section and page. Print.


 Other Sources


        Steere, Peter J. “Thoughts on Kafka.” Message to Luke Steere. 3 Feb. 1999. Email.

        Person sending email. Subject line of email (in quotations). Description of Email. Date of email. Email.

Blog, Discussion Group, ListServ, Comment, general internet ephemera.

        Jerz, Dennis G. "Citing a Weblog in MLA Style." Jerz's Literacy Weblog. Seton Hill University. 2 Dec 2002. Web.11 Dec 2003.

        Editor, screen name, author, or compiler name (if available). “Posting Title.” Name of Site. (italics). Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher). Web. Date of access.


Wiki (not Wikipedia, see 'Selection from a Free Online Reference Work' above)

Kelly, Kathleen. "The Dynamic Nature of Science." Wikid Science 1 Wiki. Hale Middle School. 3 Nov 2007. Web.10 Dec 2007.


Last name, First name, "Title of individual wiki entry." Name of Wiki. (italics). Sponsoring organization, if any. Date posted. Web. Date accessed.



        Abumrad, Jad and Robert Krulwich. "Yellow Rain." [Podcast] RadioLab. 24 Sept. 2012. WNYC. Web.10 Dec. 2013.

        Last name, First name. “Title of podcast segment” [Podcast] Title of podcast (may be the same as the segment name) (italics). Date published, if available. Web. Date accessed. (dd mm yyyy)


Tweet (Twitter 'update')

        Brokaw, Tom (tombrokaw). "SC demonstrated why all the debates are the engines of this campaign." 22 Jan. 2012, 3:06 a.m. Tweet.

        Purdue Writing Lab (PurdueWLab). "Spring break is around the corner, and all our locations will be open next week." 5 Mar. 2012, 12:58 p.m. Tweet.

        Author or source name (Twitter Handle). "Full text of tweet." Date stamp and time stamp. Tweet.


Other possible sources

Videocassette or DVD

        Brazil. Terry Gilliam, Dir. 1985. 20th Century Fox. 1985. DVD.

        Title of Video (italics). Director. Year of original production. Production Company. Year of Video (may or may not be same as the original production). Format (DVD, VHS, etc).



        Maloney, Robert A. Interview with Luke Steere. 15 Apr. 2001. Telephone.

        Name of person interviewed. Description of interview Date of interview. Form of interview (telephone, video or e-conference or personal).


Television Show

        “A Very Long Way From Anywhere.” A Very Peculiar Practice. BBC. BBC 1, London. 1 Jun. 1986. Television.

        Title of program (in quotations), Series (if applicable) (italics). Narrator (if available). Producer. Station, Location. Date of showing. Television.


MLA In Text Citation Format

Use your head when documenting sources, common sense and ethics are key. Well-known things like proverbs, common knowledge or quotations need not be cited, but this choice would be based on your audience. Check with your teacher if you're unsure. (Stolley et al.).

The Online Writing Lab states "Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources" (Stolley et al.). So, sometimes you will not need to cite well-known quotations. Always check with your teacher if you aren't sure.

On the works cited page, Stolley et al. appears as:

Stolley, Karl, et al. "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The OWL at Purdue. 10 May 2006. Purdue University Writing Lab. 12 May 2006.

Luke Steere 11/13

SDF 5/12

Nov 5, 2013, 8:05 AM