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gross domestic product (GDP)

Preferred use is gross domestic product (GDP)—not gross national income (GNI), the updated designation for gross national product (GNP)—to determine per capita income, and also to convert into dollars using purchasing power parity (PPP) calculations rather than official currency exchange rates.

GDP gives a more reliable indication of the economy within a country and PPP a fairer indication of purchasing power and therefore a better comparison of economic well-being between countries.

Reliable sources for GDP per capita income are the National Geographic Atlas of the World (eighth edition) and the CIA website at (go to the "Economy" section of each country listed).