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1. addresses Do not use a hyphen or other punctuation when breaking an address at the end of a line. If an address contains a hyphen, do not break the address at the hyphen. If breaking the address at a period, put the period on the next line so it will not be read as the end of a sentence. Use normal punctuation at the end of the address if it completes a sentence.

A space in an address is indicated by underlined space.

In print text, use italics for a web address (URL); in online and digital forms, italics are not necessary for URLs, since they are typically hyperlinked. In boilerplates and display type a URL is generally written in the same typeface as the words surrounding it, though it may also be boldface:

Check for real-time coverage of the sandhill crane migration.

For Membership Service:

Words within a URL may be capitalized for readability: Go to

When using three dots with a partial address, put spaces between each dot and between what comes before and after the dots:

See . . . /features/97/wave.

2. cyber Usually a combining term but can also be used as an adjective:
            cyberspace, cybercafés, cyber strangers, cyber shark

3. e-mail, email, e-terms
Either may be used; be consistent within a publication. NGM writes email as one word:
            I received 122 emails today; email your answer.

In text, email addresses are set in roman. 

e-terms Use lowercase e in terms such as e-commerce, e-ticket, and e-zine.

4. file extensions These letters identify a file's format and the application needed to open it. In a file name, extensions are lowercased; in editorial copy they are capitalized and used without periods:
.gif      GIF       Graphics Interchange Format
.jpg     JPEG    Joint Photographic Experts Group
.pdf     PDF      Portable Document Format

5. forum Lowercase for a discussion board on our website: For more on the Roman Empire join our online forum at

6. Internet, the Net  

7. logon, log on logon (noun), log on (verb)

8. Name of our website at

Italicize the name of the Society's website in editorial copy in print:
            Find more information at

Regularly running sections are capped and roman; titles of special features are quoted.

9. online one word in computer context

10. search engines Write the names of search engines in roman with initial caps:
            Google, Yahoo!, Lycos, Infoseek, Excite.

11. URL Abbreviation for uniform resource locator, an Internet address.
See section 1. addresses, above.

12. website website is preferred

13. World Wide Web, the web It is redundant to say "on the World Wide Web at"
Say "on the Internet at" or simply at

The designation www may be dropped from most addresses.

For NGS, use In boilerplates follow the designer's recommendations; in pointers write in bold using the same type as the rest of the pointer text.

See also section 1. addresses, above.