New & Revised


Ashkenazi: NGS preferred adjective (2/27/13)
exclusive economic zone: EEZ, no periods, for abbreviation (12/21/16)
DEEPSEA CHALLENGE, CHALLENGER: NGS prefers all caps and italic for project name and vessel (11/12/12)
Glacier, glacier: Use capital letter when part of the name (10/22/13)
Quran: NG preferred spelling is Quran—exception to Merriam-Webster's (10/31/16)
Romany, Romanies: NGS preferred usage for Gypsy (8/2/11)
shark fin soup: Omit the hyphen between shark and fin (4/21/15)
Tea Party: NGS preference is to capitalize (9/23/11)
undocumented immigrant: preferred term to describe an individual entering, living in, or working in the U.S. without legal permission. (11/24/14)
yuca, yucca: y
uca is not a synonym for yucca—exception to Merriam-Webster’s (10/20/16)

Aboriginal: In Australian context, use for both noun and adjective; do not use Aborigine (6/19/13)
ACADEMIC DEGREES: Added note to not include honorary degree titles before or after names (10/1/12)
awhile, a while, while: while may be used in place of though, although, or whereas at the beginning of sentences (10/19/16)
bathyscaph: NGS preferred spelling, not capped (2/27/13)
Building: Capitalize NGS buildings in name: 17th Street Building (6/19/13)
cannon, cannons: preferred plural follows Webster's: cannons (12/28/16)
cardinal: in a title, cardinal precedes the given name; no longer placed between the given and surname: Cardinal Jaime Sin (4/9/15)
cinder block, cinder-block: use hyphen in adjectival form (5/3/2017)
CREDITS: Added NGM Staff: uppercase "S" in Staff (10/1/12)
ELLIPSIS: Revised entry to specify use of ellipsis mark, not three separate dots (10/1/12)
freshwater: One word for noun and adjective per Merriam-Webster's (11/14/14)
Gypsy, gypsy: NGS preferred usage is now Romany, Romanies (8/2/11)
khat, qat, kat
: NGS preferred spelling is khat (10/22/13)
Letters of the Alphabet: letters in math equations are italic (8/5/11)
MONEY: revised hyphen policy in short adjective forms (9/23/11)
north, northern: capitalized Northern California (4/29/15)
NUMBERS: Generally spell out whole numbers zero through nine (same with ordinals), otherwise use figures (3/17/16)
PLACE-NAMES: Updated section on Capitalization of Foreign Place-Names (6/19/13)
President, presidency, presidential: Capitalize title when it immediately precedes a personal name; otherwise lowercase. (2/7/14)
Risk Takers: For NGM 2013 series, use Risk Takers (10/2/12)
SHIPS AND BOATS: Added note about decommissioned ships do not use abbreviations such as U.S.S. (3/2/11)
smartphone: NGS preferred is one word (10/1/12)
souk, suq: preferred spelling is souk (11/12/12)
south, southern: capitalized Southern California (4/29/15)
SCIENTIFIC NOMENCLATURE: Include the scientist's name with genus and species name only if relevant or for specialized publications (11/12/12)
teepee: preferred spelling of conical tent used by American Indians (7/14/17)
TRADEMARKS: Added link to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
Walmart: now preferred spelling of company and stores (4/7/11)
war: capitalized War in Persian Gulf War, Gulf War (1/13/11)