Surgery in History
My father and I brainstormed and we kept getting stuck in SF doctors and far future situations like James White's Sector General series and Spaceship Medic by Harry Harrison.
We did end up with a few historical doctors however (some of which you've likely already thought of). Though whether or not they're "surgeons" by today's standard is iffy: Dr. Frankenstein, Dr. Jekyll, The Island of Doctor Moreau, A Fierce Radiance by Lauren Belfer (WWII), and The Physician by Noah Gordon (which is probably the most like what you're looking for of the lot).
There's a "list of fictional doctors" on wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_fictional_doctors
Eileen Wiedbrauk '10
The Egyptian, by Mika Waltari (1945). It's historical fiction in which the protagonist is an 18th Dynasty physician who does brain surgery. According to Wikipedia, it was the most-sold foreign novel in the US before The Name of the Rose, respected by historians for its accuracy. I was enthralled by the movie as a child, and I have vivid memories of a scene in which the hero opens up a king's skull and saves his life. I have an old copy of the book and just did a quick scan of the text. There are some detailed passages describing surgery and other medical practices.
My new series will be starting next year under the name E. C. Ambrose and the hero is a barber-surgeon in 14th c. England. series is called The Dark Apostle, and the first book will be Elisha Barber
I would *love* to start getting the word out about this, but I don't have a pub date yet. If you think you may want to mention it, I can pester my editors a bit. I would be happy to get you more information if that helps.
2013 and DAW books are the relevant answers.
From Conan calling for a “chirugen” in 1936, one who never lost a
patient to shock or infection and whose dying patients always had for
last words, to Mercedes Lackey’s Oathbound series in 1998 where
anesthia or at least magic sleep was enough to move a primitive
surgeon to modern levels; getting surgery wrong can pull your readers
out of your story. One the other hand surgeons and surgery well done,
as in Charles Saunders’s “IMARO” or “The Vapors of Crocodile Fen” in
Sword and Sorceress XXIV, can make great plot devices and characters.
If you get the level of surgery right.
Bones from Star Trek.
Patrick O'Brien's whole nautical series and the Master and Commander movie based on it. (Napoleonic wars)
Outlander series, by Diana Gabaldon
(main character, Claire, is a 20th century doctor/surgeon, and she
needs to study medieval medicine so 18th century people will accept
Just FYI, the woman in Outlander that Abby mentioned was a nurse, not a doctor. She was a World War II (maybe I?) nurse transported back in time to 15th or 16th century Scotland, where she spends most of her time having sex.
The Cabinet of Curiosities, by Douglas Preston & Lincoln Child
(19th century scientist and illegal surgeon = the antagonist)