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The Temple of Artemis, built around 650 B.C. to the cult of Artemis(Artemis worshipers), was constructed on the sacred site of a different goddess, Cybele. This temple was located in Ephesus, Turkey, which is presently known as Selcuk. Though this monument was one of the "Seven Wonders of the Ancient World", only fragments of the temple remain. It was made entirely of marble, except for the roof. They built this temple on marshy ground to protect it from future earthquakes. After 120 years of building, it actually paid off. It soon had attracted kings, merchants, and sightseers, who mostly donated jewels and gold to Artemis and her temple. Its beauty also attracted worshipers and pilgrims, strengthening the cult of Artemis.

    On July 21, 365 BC, the night Alexander The Great was born, legend has it that a psychopathic arsonist, who's intent was for immortality, set fire to the temple. The god Plutarch remarked that Artemis was too preoccupied with Alexander's delivery that she could not save her burning temple.

    Rising out of the marsh, a lone surviving column suggests the huge size of this Wonder of the World, four times as large as the Parthenon and the first monumental building to be entirely constructed of marble. As an illustration of its stature,  consider the column stood an incredible 4 meters (13 ft) below the architrave. This site is best appreciated in the summer months, when the marshy waters are at there lowest.

                                                                               650 B.C.E. (model in Istanbul, Turkey)