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Alice in Wonderland

Character Analysis 

    The White Rabbit joins the story directly before Alice falls down the rabbit hole. In fact, the White Rabbit is what leads Alice into the rabbit hole. The rabbit wore a coat and stood on his hind legs, and kept his watch in his waistcoat-pocket. In the beginning of the book, as he runs past Alice when she is with her sister, he continues talking to himself, repeating “Oh dear! Oh dear! I shall be too late!” (pg.11) The White Rabbit is known for being very jumpy and worryful. When Alice begins to follow the White Rabbit, he jumps under a hedge into a hole underneath. The White Rabbit is who Alice continues following throughout the book into the different scenes, settings, and introduces her to different characters.
The White Rabbit is scared of the Queen of Hearts. He is continuously worrying about being late for showing up to her croquet ground. As he rushes to arrive at the Queen’s croquet ground to please h
er, and is always just out of reach of Alice as she chases him. He is very shaky, showing that he is anxious of not getting to the Queen’s croquet game soon enough.
The personality and fears of the White Rabbit can be seen in this quote “‘She boxed the Queen’s ears-’ the Rabbit began. Alice gave a little scream of laughter. ‘Oh, hush!’ the Rabbit whispered in a frightened tone. ‘The Queen will hear you! You see she came rather late, and the Queen said-’ ‘Get to your places!’ shouted the Queen...” (pg 84) This quote explains how the Rabbit is very scared of the Queen and doesn’t want her to get mad at him at all, because he’s afraid of what she’ll do. The White Rabbit is a very skittish and anxious character, and he represents this in his actions, voice, and how he interacts with other characters. 

Setting Analysis 

    In Wonderland, everything is a lot different than it is in the normal world. Even the most unbelievable things can be reality there, whether it’s tea parties to shrinking drinks to a weird croquet game. The book takes place in many different physical settings, usually changing from chapter to chapter. One of the most memorable settings from the book was when Alice went to the Duchess's house. Alice walked into the scene in the middle of a loud kitchen with the Duchess on a stool nursing a baby. The cook was making soup over the large fire, with the Cheshire Cat by her side. There was much noise and commotion with the characters in this setting. Another physical setting was towards the beginning of the book, after Alice falls down the rabbit hole. She entered a long hallway to hurry after the White Rabbit. She comes across many doors up and down the hallway with lights hanging from the ceiling. Eventually, Alice finds a very small door hidden behind a large curtain. This is when Alice finds the small glass table with a golden key sitting on it, and soon, this physical setting and scene becomes a social and psychological setting.
As the book, Alice in Wonderland, was everchanging in scenes in settings, social and psychological settings describe this well. One of these scenes where the setting was psychological was after Alice was swimming in her pool of tears. When Alice became 9 feet tall after eating a mystery cake marked “EAT ME”, she cried and cried because she feared never getting home. Soon, she shrunk back down slowly to become only a few inches high. She began swimming in the tears she just cried at her large height. If Alice was her original size, the tears would have made a small puddle, but because the setting changed as she changed heights, the tears became an ocean.
Another type of setting is a temporal setting. This is where time goes by in the story. An example of this in the book was during the time where Alice was falling down the rabbit hole. She fell during a long period of time, looking through the shelves and books as she passed by. Temporal setting is also shown when the Gryphon is talking to Alice about how long his lessons were in the classes he took. “‘And how many hours a day did you do lessons?’ said Alice, in a hurry to change the subject. ‘Ten hours the first day,’ said the Mock Turtle: ‘nine the next, and so on.’” This describes how time went by in Wonderland.

Point of View Analysis
    Throughout this book, it can be easily seen that the focus is on the character, Alice. The book is written as if someone is constantly “watching” Alice and where she goes, but knows her thoughts, also. The author continuously wrote about Alice’s thoughts with what her opinions might be on something that’s happening in the story. One of these moments is in the beginning of the book “…once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, `and what is the use of a book,' thought Alice `without pictures or conversation?'” (pg. 11) This is the first time in the book where the author shows Alice’s thoughts, even though he is “watching” her read her book. It continues in the book chapter to chapter, like this quote, also, “A cheap sort of present!' thought Alice. `I'm glad they don't give birthday presents like that!' But she did not venture to say it out loud.” The thoughts that the author shows for Alice let the reader know what they wouldn't have originally known while reading.

Theme Analysis 

    In the book, Alice in Wonderland, Alice uses her extreme amount of curiosity to take her different places in Wonderland, while meeting different characters and learning lessons along the way. The story is continued on the motive of curiosity as Alice continues to follow the White Rabbit throughout Wonderland because she is fascinated with his waistcoat and watch. Curiosity also keeps Alice going when the food or drinks come up in the story with a tag saying ‘DRINK ME’ or ‘EAT ME’, she would barely hesitate to perform her next task. Whenever a new setting, home, or character approached Alice, she immediately greeted them with no delay or worry. Alice would ask questions in the majority of the story to try to figure out what was going on. 

    Curious has two different definitions, one meaning: to be eager to know or learn about something and the second meaning: strange or unusual. Alice was definitely eager to know and learn but she also used the second meaning of curious often during the story. “Curiouser and curiouser!” (pg 20) This quote describes how Alice thought of Wonderland. As she got further through her journey, things seemed to become weirder and stranger, but Alice still continued on her journey. Curiosity drove Alice’s journey through Wonderland and what she encountered, between the fact that Alice was curious to find the rabbit and the trail of curious things that seemed to follow him, and the curious Wonderland itself. 

Poetry Analysis

“How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale!

How cheerfully he seems to grin,
How neatly spreads his claws,
And welcomes little fishes in,
With gently smiling jaws!

In the book, Alice recites this poem when she is checking how much she remembers when she’s in Wonderland. I chose this poem for the analysis because I think it’s role in the book is very important. Many believe that the theme of this book is madness, and in this scene with the crocodile poem, Alice is worrying about madness. She remembers everything she can from her home, including this poem, considering that she may be going mad. I don’t think that this poem is nonsense, because it’s just talking about what crocodile do, including describing how they look and explaining that they eat fish. When I read this poem, I wasn’t sure how it related to what was going on in the story, but now I know that it was more of a children’s poem with memories in it, and that’s what Alice used it for, a memory.

Movie Analysis

    Between the book, Alice in Wonderland, and the first movie made in 1951, there are many similarities and differences. The similarities and differences vary from characters to scenes to quotes. One of the main similarities between the book and movie are the characters. The main character, Alice, is in the both the book and the movie. Other characters are also Dina, the White Rabbit, Dodo, the Lizard, the Caterpillar, the bird with the bonnet, the Cheshire Cat, the Hatter, March Hare, and the cards, 2, 3, and Ace. A lot of the character’s personalities were reflected well in the portrayal of the characters in the movie. Many of the scenes and settings between the book and movie were similar, also. Some of these were the pool of tears that Alice swam through, the White Rabbit’s house, the Hatter’s tea party, and the crochet scene. One of the very well-known quotes from both the book and the movie is when the White Rabbit repeats, "I shall be too late!" (pg 11) as he worriedly continues to look at his watch. The book and movie are very close together in similarities, but there are also many differences between these two versions of Alice in Wonderland.

One of the main differences between the book and movie are the characters. Some characters that were introduced in the movie Alice in Wonderland were introduced in the second book, Through the Looking Glass, such as Tweedledee and Tweedledum. Some other characters that weren’t originally included in the book were the Walrus, Carpenter, and the singing flowers. There were also characters in the book that were not included in the movie, such as: the Duchess, the Mockturtle, and the Gryffin. A very large character change was with the Hatter, because originally in the book, the character was called the Hatter, but in the movie he was turned into the ‘Mad Hatter’. Another change between the book and movie was in the beginning of the movie, when Alice was falling down the rabbit hole, she was not falling for a very long time, as opposed to the book where she fell for hours. Between the movie and the book, there were many similarities and differences, relating and differing the two from each other.