Results

Please email me at jon@medfordgenetics.com if you are interested in staying informed of the latest results of the project.

Update December 29, 2011
Richard McMurtry was kind enough to pass along the exciting information below that strongly suggests that Isham Medford's first wife was Leah Todd (daughter of Benjamin Todd) and not the widely published Sarah Hopkins. Mr. McMurtry also found an Isham Medford descendant who was willing to take a Y-DNA test. His test was a perfect match with the model Medford DNA results. He also let us know that this person has many Family Finder DNA matches with members of the Todd family which strongly suggests that he is the descendant of Leah Todd..


28 Apr 1854
Benjamin Todd and others Heirs of Said Benjamin Todd deceased. Be it remembered that on this 28th day of April 1854 this cause was heard before Chancellor Ridley, presiding at Murfreesboro .. It appeared to the Court that Benjamin Todd lately died intestate in Rutherford County and Complaintants Robin Todd, Sally Todd, Margaret Lusk, Jemima Espy, and Defendants Benjamin Todd and Mary Lusk ...the only surviving children of the said Benjamin Todd deceased . It appeared that the defendants Levi Medford, Jonathan Medford, Andrew Medford, ____ Ables and his wife Margaret Ables and Polly Waters are the only children of Leah Medford decd, who was one of the children of said Benjamiin Todd deceased. It appeared to the Court that Complaintants Fielden Todd and Asa Todd have been regularly appointed the Administrators of the estate of said intestate. (Benjamin owned) a tract of 143 acres bounded on the north by John McCrary, on the east by John McCrary and William Todd, on the south by lands of William Todd and on the west by the lands of Samuel McCrary. ..land was unsusceptible of a division between the heirs and it should be sold..

[From: Minute Book of Chancery Court B page 385 to 386
Robin Todd and others Heirs and Administrators of Benjamin Todd decd.
Submitted by: Richard McMurtry RMcMurtry at baymoon.com]

Update March 6, 2011
Even though I started the Medford DNA project it took me a while to submit a test for myself. I had a few different people from my same line agree to do the test but no one ever followed through. I finally submitted my test as a descendant of Israel Medford of McDowell County, NC. Israel and Jonas Medford of Haywood County have always been "assumed" brothers as they appeared on marriage bond records together. I only tested the first 12-markers but so far we have a 100% match with the descendant of Zachariah Medford and the descendant of Jonathan Medford, both of whom are descendants of John Medford from NC that moved to TN.

Much like the document that was found that tied Jonas Medford of Haywood County, NC with the John Medford of TN, I think these test results verify that Israel, Jonas and this John are closely related. We know that Jonas and Israel are not the sons of James Medford of Martin County like was previously published, because there are no records that suggest this. Jonas and Israel and omitted from all records where James' children are listed. I think that Israel and Jonas are likely the sons of Jeptha Medford who had many NC born males in his household during the time that Jonas and Israel were born.

We really need to find more Medford males out there to participate in the project. My wish list right now is a descendant of the Maryland Medfords, UK Medfords (including London, Devon, and Yorkshire), Barbados Medfords and other Medfords of mysterious NC origin that settled in GA, AL, TN and TX
.

Update May 13, 2009

We received our third test results back and this one is yet again a descendant of John Medford of Tennessee.  The participant was a descendant of John's son Jonathan Medford through his son Elisha Randolph Medford.  The results were a 100% match with the test kit we received from the decendant of Zachariah Medford.  What can we learn from this?  At first glance, we could deduce that since Jonathan and Zachariah are brothers and have matching DNA markers through markers 1-25, that we learn that John Medford's DNA markers must also be the exact same.  It is too early to determine this at this point in our project.  As you know, we have 12-marker results back from a descendant of John's son Isham Medford and two of the markers were different.  To top it all off I have had some Medford researches suggest that Zachariah is not the son of John but is rather the son of Jonathan.  These results, for now, neither prove or disprove either theory, but we need additional participants from other descendants of John Medford to help us find out.

As a descendant of Israel Medford, I have my test kit in hand, but have yet to submit it.  I know, I know, I am a bad DNA project administrator!  : )  I'm hoping to have the descretionary funds soon to send this in.  I am terribly sorry for the delay on my end.  I am really looking forward to finding out where us Haywood/McDowell County, NC Medfords stand against these John Medford descendants.

Remember,
while the test results we are getting back now might not tell us as much as we would like, they will certainly grow more and more valuable over time.  Thank you for being so patient! 




Update August 4, 2008
We received the results back a couple of weeks ago on our second test kit, but I am just now getting this update to you.  Our first two test kits are both from descendants of John Medford.  The first test kit was of a descendant of John's son Zachariah Medford and tested 25 markers.  The second test kit is of a descendant of John's son Isham and tested 12 markers.  Of the 12 markers that we have to compare, two of them are mismatched by "one step".  What does this mean?  Well if we didn't know that Isham and Zachariah were brothers we would conclude that these participants both have a 20% chance of having a common ancestor within 8 generations.   If this 12-marker test was upgraded to a 25 marker and there were no other mismatches, this percentage would go up considerably.  I am not overly concerned about upgrading this particular test kit at this point in time.  More interesting would be to find other descendants of John, through his son George, John or even other Isham and Zachariah descendants.  If we can find multiple perfect matches among John's descendants then we will be able to define John's exact Y-DNA markers.  The same thing goes for the descendants of other Medfords.  My point is, while the test results we are getting back now, might not tell us that much, they will certainly grow more and more valuable and intriguing over time. 

In other news a test kit has been ordered by a descendant of Jonas Medford, and I will be submitting my test results soon as a descendant of Israel. 

Speaking of Jonas, I was on Google Books the other day and did a search for "Jonas Medford" and came across a snippet of information that placed Jonas in Rutherford Co, TN in 1807, which is in John Medford country, but I wasn't sure about the context of the document.  A close connection between Jonas and John was never known or proven so this was quite the discovery.  I emailed this tidbit to Pers and she got right on it and tracked down the source to obtain the full transcription.  Thanks to Jim Willis of the TN Genealogical Society for taking the time to track down the following on our behalf:

Petitions to the General Assembly of Tennessee
"Ansearchin" News

Affadavit of Jonas MEDFORD of Jackson County that sometime in May 1807 William THOMPSON of Jackson County requested MEDFORD to "draw some instrument of writing" to prevent his wife living in Virginia from obtaining his property.  Dated 20 September 1807.  Subscribing Justice B. HOUSTON?, Justice peace for Knox County.
 
Pers pointed out that this tells us:   1.) Jonas MEDFORD was literate  2.) This is the same William THOMPSON of the Knox Co., Tn. citation that named what we thought was James MEDFORD.  We now believe that this James was more likely Jonas and we're trying to track down the original document to check the transcription of the following:

Knox Co., Tn. 1809 (formed 1792 from Green & Hawkins Cos.) indicates John possibly had an elder son named James unless perhaps this was John's brother James?     This Knox Co., Tn. record involved the case of one Agnes Thompson of Va. who was seeking a divorce from her husband William Thompson on the charge of abandonment of she and their children.  The James MEDFORD of the 1803 Jackson Co., Tn. Taxpayer list is surely the same James MEDFORD who testified in 1809 Knox Co. that he was acquainted with this William Thompson and  knew him to have been in Davidson Co., Tn. in 1803 and that he owned property.   _ Rutherford Co., Tn. was created from Davidson Co. in 1803. _  
 
This 1809 Knox Co., Tn. document extraction shared by Donna Ford in a 1997 Medford discussion group.

We are also trying to track down the 1803 Jackson Co, TN original document to see if James is really Jonas.  Does this tell us that Jonas and Israel really are closely related to the Martin County Medfords?  Or does this mean that John is more likely the John Medford associated with Jeptha Medford?  These are some of the questions for us to ponder while we wait to back up our theories with DNA evidence.  We just need the participants to help us do so.  Keep in mind that there are two Jonas Medfords, an older one that was a Georgia Loyalist and the Jonas from North Carolina.  Considering the fact that John and many of his children were born in NC I would think that this is the Haywood County Jonas that many of us are familiar with.

If you know of any male Medford that is willing to participate in the project please send them to www.medfordgenetics.com.

Also, we have a MEFFORD woman whose father is of German descent that has tested her mitochondrial DNA.  I haven't read much on this yet, but she has joined the MEDFORD project if any other female Medfords are interested.


Update June 12, 2008
We have our first test results in!  The submitter (#119460) is a descendant of Zachariah Medford who was born in Tennessee to John Medford.  We are still waiting on my test results as a descendant of Israel and for the test results for a descendant of Isham, also a son of John Medford.  Since we do not have any other test to compare to, the most interesting thing we find out is that the submitter belongs to the R1a haplogroup.  

Haplogroup R1a was formerly called the "Viking Haplogroup". It is now known that it is not an exclusive marker for the Vikings. However, R1a seems to occur almost exclusively amongst people of Scandinavian origin; undoubtedly it arrived in Britain with the Vikings, Normans or even the Anglo-Saxons. The R1a haplogroup is remarkable in that it does not seem to have a very wide range, implying that it has not had time to diversify by mutation to any great extent.  Below is a chart of the English Y-DNA-R1a Modal Haplotype. See how closely this compares to test kit #119460?


393 390 19 391 385A 385B 426 388 439 389I 392 389II 458 459A 459B 455 454 447 437 448 449 464A 464B 464C 464D
Alleles 13 25 16 11 11 14 12 12 10 13 11 31 15 9 10 11 11 24 14 19 32 12 14 15 16



    DYS#
# Kit Most Distant Ancestor *
H
a
p
l
o
3
9
3
3
9
0
1
9
3
9
1
3
8
5
a
3
8
5
b
4
2
6
3
8
8
4
3
9
3
8
9
|
1
3
9
2
3
8
9
|
2
4
5
8
4
5
9
a
4
5
9
b
4
5
5
4
5
4
4
4
7
4
3
7
4
4
8
4
4
9
4
6
4
a
4
6
4
b
4
6
4
c
4
6
4
d
4
6
0
G
A
T
A

H
4
Y
C
A

I
I

a
Y
C
A

I
I

b
4
5
6
6
0
7
5
7
6
5
7
0
C
D
Y

a
C
D
Y

b
4
4
2
4
3
8
5
3
1
5
7
8
3
9
5
S
1
a
3
9
5
S
1
b
5
9
0
5
3
7
6
4
1
4
7
2
4
0
6
S
1
5
1
1
4
2
5
4
1
3
a
4
1
3
b
5
5
7
5
9
4
4
3
6
4
9
0
5
3
4
4
5
0
4
4
4
4
8
1
5
2
0
4
4
6
6
1
7
5
6
8
4
8
7
5
7
2
6
4
0
4
9
2
5
6
5

John of Tenn

 
  119460   
 Zachariah R1a1
13  24  15  11  11  14  12  12  10   14 11   31 15  10   11 11   23 14   20 31  12  15  15  16                                                                                     
  149745   
 Jonathan R1a1
13  24  15  11  11  14  12  12  10   14 11   31 15  10   11 11   23 14   20 31  12  15  15  16                                                                                     
  119441
 Isham
R1a1  13
24  15   11  11 14  12  12  10  13  11  30                                                                                                             
  216239  Isham
R1a1  13
24  15   11  11 14  12  12  10  14
11  31
 15  9 
 10  11  11  23  14  20  31  12  15  15  16                                                                                  

Israel of McDowell NC

 
  124305
 William Riley
R1a1    
 13
 24  15  11  11  14  12  12  10  14  11  31                                                                                                              


                                                                                                                                         

Jonas of Haywood, NC

 
  125459   William Riley
*awaiting results*
                                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                             

William of Alabama

 
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
Line  
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
Line  
                                                                                                                                             



                                                                                                                                       
Line
 
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
Line  
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                             
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