Spelling Rules - 1st Grade

Short Vowel Rule
A vowel followed by a consonant is short; code it with a breve.
cat    log    sit    tug    wet

Long Vowel Rule
An open, accented vowel is long; code it with a macron.
me    table    spider

K&C Spelling Rules

before e, i, or y
keg, kid, milky
c before a, o, u, or any consonant
cat, cot, pact
Final /k/ Spelling Rules
ck after a short vowel
black  duck  lock
k after a consonant or a vowel digraph
milk  book  week
ke after a long vowel
broke  like  make
c at the end of a word with two or more syllables
garlic  picnic  Atlantic


Final /j/ Spelling Rules
dge after a short vowel
bridge   edge   judge
ge after anything else
cage   lunge   stooge