8th Grade‎ > ‎


 Citation Game online! 
Go here and complete the following sources: 
1. APA Online Encyclopedia and Dictionaries
2. APA Online Periodical
3. MLA - Interviews

Plant and Animal Cell Source
Use this site to help you fill out the Cell Organelle Chart: http://cellsalive.com/cells/cell_model.htm
                                                                    Directions 1. Click on this website
2. Pick Plant Cell or Animal Cell to start
                                                                                     3. Hover your cursor over the cell part to see where it is located in the cell
                                                                                                                   4. Click on the cell part to get information to fill out the chart.
Solar and Lunar Eclipse WebQuest
Stage 3: Solar and Lunar Eclipse Applet-

·              http://www.cascaeducation.ca/CSA/CSA_Astro9/files/multimedia/unit3/solar_eclipses/solar_eclipses.html


Human Body Think Quest
http://kidshealth.org/kid/cancer_center/HTBW/heart.html : The Circulatory System and your Heart
http://kidshealth.org/kid/cancer_center/HTBW/lungs.html : The Respiratory System and your Lungs
http://kidshealth.org/kid/cancer_center/HTBW/brain.html : The Nervous System and your Brain
http://kidshealth.org/kid/cancer_center/HTBW/immune.html#  : The Immune System and the Good Fight
The Human Body 
Cells Investigation


 Genetic Investigation
Chemistry Investigation
Space Investigation

The Space Research Project
Background Knowledge Resources
Research Templates:
1. Open the template below by clicking on it.
3. In the dialogue box that opens, name your document according to to the following: Abbreviated topic (Round) - block - first names
For Example:  Life on Ice (2) - E - Mr. McKellar and Mr. Anderson
Note: All the space experts that are highlighted in RED are not able to work with us this year. 

 The Expert

 The Topic

 Source # 1

 Source # 2

 Source # 3

 Nikolaos Gatsonis: WPI Professor and Aerospace researcher Chemical, Electrical, and,  Miniature Propulsion










Kid Friendly Sites:

http://wings.avkids.com/Book/PSC/intermediate/index.html  (intermediate)

http://wings.avkids.com/Book/PSC/advanced/index.html  (Kid advanced, not rocket scientist advanced)



http://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/travelinginspace/future_propulsion.html  (less kid friendly)

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/about/fs21grc.html (less kid friendly)

 John Blandino: WPI Assistant Professor and researcher Electrical Propulsion and Pulsed Plasma Thrusters

 http://exploration.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/bgmr.html : Basic rocket concepts and propulsion

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrically_powered_spacecraft_propulsion : Basic information on electrical propulsion and the different types

http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/E/electricprop.html : Electrical pulsion in general and its history

http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/aureview/1973/nov-dec/baty.html : Research on chemical vs. electrical propulsion--Which is better?

http://www.las.inpe.br/~jrsenna/AerospaceMEMS/Propulsao/mnt99.pdf : Micro-propulsion and thrustes-Very technical but useful to learn more about these topics

http://wings.avkids.com/Book/PSC/intermediate/index.html (intermediate)

http://wings.avkids.com/Book/PSC/advanced/index.html (Kid advanced, not rocket scientist advanced)

http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/shortp.html : Helpful propilsion website--All kinds of different propulsion systems

http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/bgp.html-- The basics on propulsion

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/about/fs23grc.html : Pulse plasma thrusters

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hall_effect_thruster : Basic information on plasma thrusters

http://www.aip.org/tip/INPHFA/vol-6/iss-5/p16.pdf : a paper on plasma thrusters in space

 http://alfven.princeton.edu/papers/Encyclopedia.pdf : Paper on electrical propulsion and its history--very scienctific


http://www.universetoday.com/33056/chemical-propulsion/ : Helpful to know

http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2002/09sept_spacepropulsion/ : Space an propulsion-Helpful to read

http://www.wpafb.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123196998 : Small thrusters

 Justin Kaderka: Doctorate Student and researcher at MIT  Artificial Gravity








artificial gravity
MIT's website (it hasn't been updated in a few years, but it still has good information)
another fairly good AG article
my thesis (Introduction p.13 through about p.31) also has a fairly good description of the problem astronauts face when going into space and why artificial gravity would be a good solution.  It is a little technical, but I think it is still high level enough for the students





 Jeffery Hoffman: 

Retired NASA Astronaut and  Senior MIT Professor

 Space Suit Technology and Space Walks







http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/spacesuits/home/clickable_suit.html : Interactive space suit design website--Fun!!!


Background on spacesuits

 'Biosuit' solution









 Dr. Takeshi  Imamura: Japanese Aerospace Researcher  The World’s First Planetary Meteorological Satellite: The Venus Climate Orbiter








Alexandra Matiella-Novak: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Lead Geologist

 Minerals on Mars









http://crism.jhuapl.edu/education/index.php : Kid friendly information

http://crism.jhuapl.edu/index.php : The main website--Information on this special device and why it is used to help us know more about Mars

http://www.marshome.org/ : Lots of information here so search the site for what you may need

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/mars101.php : Helpful information on the climate on Mars

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/timeline.php : From Earth to Mars interactive timeline

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/mars111.php : Earth and Mars side by side comparison table

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/pdf/fact_sheet.pdf : Mars fact sheet and other reading

http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/mission/timeline/launch/ : Information,pics, and videos of the rover Curiosity

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/MRO/news/mro20110804.html : Evidence of water on Mars






Alexandra Matiella-Novak: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Lead Geologist


First Mission to Pluto










 Wes Patterson: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Lunar Geologist  

Moon (lunar) Geology:Galilean moons Europa and Ganymede









 Wes Patterson: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Lunar Geologist  CRISM instrument on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) and Mini-RF instrument on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)






 David Hewitt: Researcher of Space Company: Dynetics  Propulsion (In general)






http://www.dynetics.com/services/space : The company that David works for!

 David Hewitt: Researcher of Space Company: Dynetics  

Space Engineering for the landers and rovers






http://www.dynetics.com/services/space : The company that David works for!

http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/mission/timeline/launch/ : Information,pics, and videos of the rover Curiosity

http://voices.yahoo.com/nasas-lunar-rover-2106892.html : New Lunar Rover by NASA









These are landers I worked on:

NASA Mighty Eagle







Cold Gas Lunar Lander Test Bed




Rosetta Mission to Comet 67P


















Here is some information on another rover and lander combo I worked on:





As you may recall, when I started working with you I was working on the Rocket City Space Pioneers team.  There is still a very great source of information on the following sites.








 William J. Cooke: NASA Meteoroid and meteors  specialist  Determining the risks of meteoroids and meteors on space craft and people on the ground.









You might want to direct your students to


and ask them to click on the 20101214 link. This will bring up data on some of the Geminids we observed on the peak night, along with movies of the meteors.


Dr. Alexander van der Horst: NASA Star, Supernovae, and Gamma-ray Specialist

The Violent Deaths of Stars: Supernovae and Gamma-ray Bursts---

Gamma-ray bursts, the biggest explosions in the universe, of which some are very massive stars which come to the end of their lives (leaving behind a black hole), and some others are believed to be the mergers of two neutron stars or a neutron star and a black hole;

















Dr. Alexander van der Horst: NASA Star, Supernovae, and Gamma-ray Specialist

 The Violent Deaths of Stars: Supernovae and Gamma-ray Bursts--

Soft gamma repeaters, or magnetars, which are neutron stars with extremely high magnetic fields and sometimes producing bursts of gamma rays;















 Dr. Scott Parazynski: Astronaut, physician, inventor, and Physiologist  Expertise in human adaptation to stressful environments











Catherine Neish:  Life on Ice
Here a few resources that might be somewhat helpful:
I’ve also uploaded a lecture I gave to an undergraduate class at Johns Hopkins here:
http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/0911/0911.1860v1.pdf -


http://video.search.yahoo.com/search/video?p=life+on+moons+of+saturn -Video of life on the moons of saturn

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/03/0310_060310_saturn.html -Saturn Moon Has Water Geysers and, Just Maybe, Life

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/12/101215-saturn-moon-titan-ice-volcano-nasa-science-pictures/ -Saturn Moon Has Ice Volcano—And Maybe Life

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080806210116.htm -Life on jupiter moons and its geological activity
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8498281.stm - Could life exist on Jupiter's moons
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titan_(moon) -Basic information on Titan and possible life there
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100414193919.htm -Saturn's Moon Enceladus Leaves Plasma Bubbles in Its Wake
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/12/101222170713.htm -Cassini Finishes Sleigh Ride by Saturn's Icy Moons
http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/ - Cassini Solstice mission
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110113111111.htm -Cassini Rocks Rhea Rendezvous: Closest Flyby of Saturn's Icy Moon

Joe Tanner:

Retired NASA Astronaut and Senior Professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder

Spacecraft for Travel to Mars

http://www.marshome.org/ : The basic site, has lots of information so you need to search around for the information you need that are specific to your topic.

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/mars101.php : Helpful information on the climate of Mars and other information

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/timeline.php : From Earth to Mars interactive timeline

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/mars111.php : Earth and Mars side by side comparison table

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/pdf/fact_sheet.pdf : Mars fact sheet and othe important readings

 http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/mission/timeline/launch/ : Information,pics, and videos of the rover Curiosity

 http://www.ehow.com/about_4588321_how-long-would-travel-mars.html : The travel to Mars

http://www.space.com/11417-mars-missions-space-travel-challenges.html : Why is it so hard to travel to Mars?

http://www.space.com/11361-space-mars-exploration-human-spaceflight-50-years.html : Why have we not colonized Mars yet?

http://www.space.com/10930-mars-landings-red-planet-exploration.html : The best and worst landings on Mars (in order to use this information you need to use the arrow buttons above the pictures.  This will change the picture and the information.)

http://www.russianspaceweb.com/spacecraft_manned_mars.html : Russia and its mission to Mars

http://news.discovery.com/space/mars-rocket-vasimr-nasa.html : Going to Mars in only 39 days, How?

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/05/0515_mars1.html : Going to Mars sooner than we think?

 http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.cfm?release=2011-386 : NASA Mars bound!

http://starryskies.com/solar_system/mars/spacecraft.html : Spacecraft to Mars and other information

Joe Tanner:

Retired NASA Astronaut and Senior Professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder


Lunar EVA (Extra Vehicle Activity)-Moon Space Walks

http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_2098.html : Bean Walks on the Moon

http://www.space.com/12835-nasa-apollo-moon-landing-sites-photos-lro.html : Lunar walks and photos

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/news/lro-briefing-20110906.html : Lunar walks and photos by NASA-- Same infor. as above

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/main/index.html : The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO)

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/overview/index.html : LRO Mission overview

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/spacecraft/index.html : LRO Instruments and dectors

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/LRO/multimedia/index.html : LRO Pictures from its camera

http://www.news.com.au/technology/sci-tech/nasa-retraces-its-steps-using-the-sharpest-images-ever-taken-of-the-moon/story-fn5fsgyc-1226131130923 : Click on the video to watch how NASA has retraced the path of past explorations

 http://www.moonzoo.org/Lunar_Geology : Lots of info on the moon and its characterisitcs ( you really need to search this site)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extra-vehicular_activity : Basic information on EVA's

http://www.walkermessenger.com/view/full_story/16953370/article-Moon-countdown--NASA-probe-enters-lunar-orbit?instance=home_news_lead_story : NASA probe that enters the moon orbit

 http://voices.yahoo.com/nasas-lunar-rover-2106892.html : New Lunar Rover by NASA

 http://www.novelguide.com/a/discover/spsc_03/spsc_03_00303.html : Information on space walks in general and the history of moon walks

 http://www.sps.aero/Key_ComSpace_Articles/LibGen/LIB-056_NASA_Goes_Lunar-Robot_Craft,_Human_Outpost_Plans.pdf : Paper on NASA and its plan to go back to the moon

Wayne Neumaier:

NASA researcher for building airless landers


Robotic Landers and Hydrogen Peroxide Rocket Propellant

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/lunarquest/robotic/index.html : Lots of different articles and videos for you to research

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/lunarquest/robotic/11-146.html : Info and video

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/lunarquest/robotic/hover_test_4.html : Lander and the propelland)



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrogen_peroxide : Basic Information

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_test_peroxide : Basic Information

http://www.gkllc.com/lit/history/H2O2_Conf_1999-Past_Present_Uses_of_Rocket_Grade_Hydrogen_Peroxide.pdf : Very Scientific

Dr. Alexander ven der Horst:

NASA Star, Supernovae, and Gamma-ray Specialist and Researcher at the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands


The Newest Radio Telescope(LOFAR)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOFAR : Basic information on LOFAR

http://www.lofar.org/sites/lofar.org/files/u3/lofar.swf : LOFAR Video

http://www.lofar.org/astronomy/cosmic-magnetism/targets/targets : LOFAR Uses

http://www.lofar.org/astronomy/cosmic-magnetism/fundamental-questions-advantages/fundamental-questions-advantages : Questions and advantages

http://www.lofar.org/astronomy/key-science/lofar-key-science-projects : LOFAR Projects

http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/0805/0805.4349v1.pdf : The LOFAR Transients Key Science Project (use this terminlogy for other searches) --This paper is very technical!

http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/0909/0909.3212v1.pdf Gamma Ray Bursts and Neuton stars--Paper

 http://www.shef.ac.uk/mediacentre/2010/1754.html : Giant Radio Telescopes

http://www.astronomynow.com/news/n1004/20lofar/ : LOFAR and Europe

http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/0706/0706.1324v1.pdf : A paper written by Alexander and his co researchers--Short and informative

Alexandra Matiella-Novak:

Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Lead Geologist


Venus Volcanology

http://www.universetoday.com/14300/surface-of-venus/ : Very short article on venus and volcanoes

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994Icar..112..219K : Basic information on Venus

http://archive.ncsa.illinois.edu/Cyberia/Bima/venus.html : Brief write-up on Venus

http://www.astrobio.net/pressrelease/2446/up-up-and-away-to-venus The climate of Venus and the use of huge weather balloon

http://www.astrobio.net/pressrelease/3185/earth-like-venus : Venus research and how it may be like the Earth

http://www.askfactmaster.com/Venus_%28planet%29 : Basic factual information on Venus

http://www.physics.uc.edu/~hanson/ASTRO/LECTURENOTES/F04/TERRESTRIALS/Page9.html : Venus techtonic plate movement

http://thebigfoto.com/venus-from-space : Awesome pictures and videos of Venus and its climate

http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.cfm?release=2010-121 : Venus being geologically active plus a great video.

http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/news/display.cfm?News_ID=33735 : Venus and Volcanos

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/solar/venusurf2.html : Great pics and the 3 main volcanoes of Venus

 http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/oldroot/volcanoes/planet_volcano/venus/large_shield.html Venus Volcanoes

 Here’s a “historical” website for the Magellan mission to Venus:


Unfortunately I’m having a hard time finding a website with basic information on Irnini Mons, so I’m attaching a paper that I’m using as the background for my work, written by the scientist I’m working with.  What they should pay special attention to is figure 3 on page 2160 which illustrates how radar sees grabens (depressions or rifts in the ground) versus ridges above the surface.  I can give them more information on how radar works to identify these types of geologic features during the interview.



Samuel Ortega:


Manger of the Centennial Challenges Program and Public Speaker for the Marshall Space Flight Center



Microgravity and Structures in Space

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micro-g_environment : The basic definition

http://quest.nasa.gov/smore/background/microgravity/MGintro1.html : Basic information

http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Microgravity_environment :The basic definition again but said a little different

http://www.itaspace.com/microgravity.html : Some microgravity experiments

http://www.microgravity.com/introduction.html : An introduction to Microgravity, how it is achieved, and how you can gain access to a microgravity climate

http://www.microgravity.com/tutorial-comparison.html : Pictures showing how things look differently in microgravity

http://www.microgravity.com/tutorial-space.html How this idea of microgravity can be used in the space field

http://www.microgravity.com/tutorial-obtaining.html : How can you obtain a microgravity climate

http://www.microgravity.com/tutorial-areas.html : Microgravity research and its uses

http://www.microgravity.com/tutorial-duration.html : How long can microgravity last

http://www.microgravity.com/pictures.html : Microgravity pictures

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC419922/ : A paper on microgravity and it's effects on microorganisms

http://gltrs.grc.nasa.gov/reports/2004/TM-2004-213039.pdf : Microgravity climates on the international space station

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/shuttlestation/station/microgex.html : NASA's Infor. on Microgravity

http://weboflife.nasa.gov/currentResearch/currentResearchGeneralArchives/weakKnees.htm : Exposure to microgravity

http://www.lightsoundtechnology.com/wound-healing-in-a-microgravity-environment/ : Wound healing in a microgravity climate

Robert McKamey:

 Project Manager for Heavy Lift & Propulsion Trade Study

Launch Vehicle Cost and Design and Trajectory Analysis




 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Launch_system : Basic info on what is a launch vehicle

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prototype#Design_and_modeling : What is a prototype and cost modeling?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trajectory : What is a trajectory?

http://www.ssdl.gatech.edu/about.shtml : You will need to search this site for the relevent information that pertains to your topic (Go to the research paper and design tool sections)

http://www.ssdl.gatech.edu/about.shtml : The space system design lab in Georgia and what they do.

http://www.ssdl.gatech.edu/projects.shtml : The space system design lab and its projects

http://www.ssdl.gatech.edu/tools.shtml : The space system design lab tools to do their work

http://www.ssdl.gatech.edu/papers/conferencePapers/AIAA-2011-7296.pdf : A cost model paper on mars and what it will take to build a vechicle to go to it

http://www.ssdl.gatech.edu/papers/conferencePapers/IPPW-2011-Dutta.pdf : A very technical paper on how scientists reconstructed and analyzed a mars lander and its data.

http://www.nas.nasa.gov/publications/articles/feature_launch_vehicle_Kiris.html : NASA research in building a new generation of space vehicles--Gives you and idea of why we need to do cost modeling and all this research.

http://www.aero.org/publications/crosslink/winter2001/03.html : An article on why we do launch vehicle studies and analysis

http://www.powershow.com/view/28f3c-Nzg3M/Launch_Vehicle_Considerations_for_Moon_Mars_Missions_and_ISS_Transport_flash_ppt_presentation : A power point that can be enlarged.  It talks about how do we consider what type of space vehicle is needed to go to Mars, the moon, and the international space station.

 http://www.dtic.mil/ndia/2009systemengr/9059ThursdayTrack5Armon.pdf : A power point of a satlite and how it is being built and all the things that need to be taking into consderation when buliding a satilite.



Robert McKamey:

Project Manager for Heavy Lift & Propulsion Trade Study

Human Exploration of Mars

http://www.ssdl.gatech.edu/about.shtml : You will need to search this site for the relevent information that pertains to your topic (Go to the research paper and design tool sections)

http://www.marshome.org/ : You will need to search this site for the relevent information that pertains to your topic

Here is some basic information about them:

The mission of the Mars Homestead Project is to design, fund, build and operate the first permanent settlement on Mars.

The initial goal for the Mars Homestead Project is to identify the core technologies needed for an economical, growing Mars Base built primarily with local materials. Efforts will then be focused on prototype projects of increasing sophistication. These could include the selection of existing equipment which could be used on Mars, or the construction of prototypes of new equipment. These steps will lead the Mars Foundation to the establishment of an entire simulated Mars settlement at a location here on Earth, which will serve as a research and outreach center.

The initial programming feasibility study has been conducted by a small Program Team, whose members have professional or academic experience in applicable engineering areas. Areas of expertise include: Materials, Structures, Mechanical Systems, Architecture, Agriculture, Nutrition, Process/PSSS, Electrical Systems, I&C, Data/Telecom, EHS, IE, Mars Geology/Topography, Space Transportation, Spacesuits, Systems Integration, and many others.

The Mars Foundation has also established a small board of technical advisors who provide expertise in specific areas, and created a general "brainstorming" discussion group which is open to the interested public, regardless of their technical experience.

**** Check out the "Research Goals" of this project*****

**** Check out their "Document Library and Images Gallery" *****

http://www.marshome.org/20040910-pressrelease1.php : News article on this project

http://www.marshome.org/20050725-pressrelease2.php : Another news article

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/mars101.php : Helpful information on the climate of Mars and other information.

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/timeline.php : From Earth to Mars interactive timeline

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/mars111.php : Earth and Mars side by side comparison tabel

http://phoenix.lpl.arizona.edu/pdf/fact_sheet.pdf :Mars fact sheet and other important readings

http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/mission/timeline/launch/ : Information,pics, and videos of the rover Curiosity

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/MRO/news/mro20110804.html : Evidence of water on Mars

http://www.space.com/11361-space-mars-exploration-human-spaceflight-50-years.html : Why have we not colonized Mars yet?

Have your students explore the following links:

I also quoted radiation dose in rad and rem.  The SI units for radiation dose is Sieverts so 1 mSv = 1 milliSievert.

Inline image 1

See also:


 Robert McKamey:

Lead Engineer for the Google Lunar X-Prize

Propulsion and Lunar Landers

http://lunar.xprize.org/ --The main page--Search this site for other information

http://lunar.xprize.org/about/overview -- The overview of the competition

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Lunar_X_Prize --Overview information

http://www.cnet.com/news/the-google-lunar-xprize-the-worlds-next-great-space-race/ -- A write up about the program

http://www.spaceflightservices.com/DocFiles/DyneticsGoogleXPrise_Bro.pdf-- One team who is competing

https://www.linkedin.com/pub/r-steve-mckamey-p-e/5/45a/2b0 -- McKameys Bio

Have your students explore the following links:

Gregory Scott:

United States Navy Satellite and Space Robotics Researcher


Space Robotics arms/manipulators

for repairing satellites as well as research in legged robotics

   DARPA’s Phoenix Program (on-orbit servicing of satellites): http://www.darpa.mil/Our_Work/TTO/Programs/Phoenix.aspx

-          NASA’s RESTORE Program (on-orbit refueling of satellites): http://ssco.gsfc.nasa.gov/robotic_servicing_mission.html

-          ViviSat/ATK (commercial servicing of satellites): http://www.vivisat.com/

-          Uni. Maryland’s Ranger Program (research program for servicing satellites): http://www.ssl.umd.edu/html/ranger_satellite_servicing_sys.html

http://www.ieee-ras.org/space-robotics --The ISS robotics and Rover robotics

http://www.learnaboutrobots.com/space.htm --Space robotics in general

http://www.wtec.org/robotics/report/03-Space.pdf -- A great PDF of what is space robotics and their use!

 Kelsey Young:

Planetary Geodynamics Engineer at NASA's Goddard Space Center in MD.

Member of the RIS4E Science Team that develops and tests handheld field devices that astronauts would use exploring other planets.

https://ris4e.labs.stonybrook.edu/ --Information on the RIS4E Team

https://ris4e.labs.stonybrook.edu/articles/the-path-forward-for-planetary-field-geology/ --The Ris4e page on Field Geology--Kelsey's Work!!

http://sbstatesman.com/2014/10/16/stony-brook-ris4e-team-studies-hawaiian-volcano-for-nasa-project/ -- The RIS4E Teams research in Hawaii

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/samples/apollo/tools/ -- Planetary Collection Tools

http://asrl.utias.utoronto.ca/~tdb/bib/pickersgill_lpsc12.pdf -- Intramentation for the Lunar Surface

http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/analogs/desertrats/ -- The Research and Technology Studies (RATS) team evaluates technology, human-robotic systems and extravehicular equipment for future human exploration missions in space. The team runs simulated missions, also known as analogs, at NASA's Johnson Space Center to provide a knowledge base that helps scientists and engineers design, build and operate better equipment, and establish requirements for operations and procedures.

http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/analogs/#.VK6cYCvF-So -- RATS studying analog sites

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desert_Research_and_Technology_Studies -- Basic Information

 Lynne Zielinski:

NASA's Stem Research Specialists, former science and math teacher of 32 years, and former lead for the SOPHIA (Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy) Program.

A moving high powered infrared telescope built into a 747 boeing aircraft. This aircraft flies into the stratosphere to take pictures of our universe.


http://www.seti.org/sofia --some basic information

http://www.sofia.usra.edu/ --The main website, lots of information--Search the site

http://www.dsi.uni-stuttgart.de/ -- The German SOPHIA program --The site should ask you to translate it to english!

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/SOFIA/index.html#.VKyoKyvF-So --NASA's SOPHIA's program-- Click on the numbers under the image to get more information.

Some Videos of inerest
Inside NASA's SOFIA Airborne Astronomical Observatory
Video of My Flight on SOFIA
Illinois and Ohio Edcuators Fly on NASA Astronomy Mission
SOFIA YouTube Channel containing lots of videos


 Brent Garry:

Solid Earth Geophysical Scientists  at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center.

Volcanism on Earth, the Moon, and Mars.  His research projects involve the study of terrestrial lava flows, which allows us to compare to volcanoes and lava flows on the Moon and Mars to better understand their eruption processes and geologic history

http://science.gsfc.nasa.gov/sed/index.cfm?fuseAction=people.jumpBio&iphonebookid=35300 -Brent's Bio!

Video Profile about my job:


http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/632078/volcanism -- What is volcanism?

http://planetary.org/blogs/emily-lakdawalla/2010/2448.html -- Volcanism acrossed the Solar System

http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/interior/volcanism.html --What can volcanism tell us?

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/explore/shaping_the_planets/volcanism.shtml -- Basic information and where else does volcanism occurs?

http://www.psi.edu/pgwg/images/aug08image.html -- Lava flows

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volcanology_of_Mars -- Volcanology on Mars

 -----------------------------------------------------------------------Newly Added ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1) History of Lunar volcanism:



2) Favorite Project:


See attached article by Garry_2011


3) Volcanoes in Space differ from Earth

See attached article by Wilson_2009


7) History of volcanology?



History of Planetary geology?




8) Change our view in the Solar System



9) Olympus Mons




10) Milestones in volcanology – the 1980 Eruption of Mt. St. Helens



See this book: http://www.amazon.com/Volcano-Cowboys-Evolution-Dangerous-Science/dp/0312208812



11) Where do we study?









New Mexico






12) History of Mars Volcanism



13) Mercury




14) Astrobiology linked to volcanism?


15) Most exciting part of job? – DESERT RATS










16) Venus?


17) Math – Yes.


18) Instruments we use: Laser Scanner

LiDAR in Hawaii (not my video)



LiDAR scan of pits in Hawaii






Ethan Chew:

Lead High Altitude Lift Off (HALO) member and Former NASA Safety and Mission Assurance Engineer


The HALO Project/

Independent Space Travel/


Space Industry




http://chapters.nss.org/al/HAL5/HALO-Intro.shtml : Basic information on the HALO Project

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C3%A1rm%C3%A1n_line : Helpful to know

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockoon : Basic information

 http://masten-space.com/ : As of Jan. 16th, Ethan will work for this company to help build vehicles that will help us explore space independently

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_Lander_Challenge : This is the space challenge that the Masten Space Company won (the same challenge program that Sam Ortega runs for NASA)

http://www.youtube.com/user/mastenspace : The Masten Space Company YouTube Channel--Lots of videos to see!

http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/space/2011-04-26-space-tourism-travel_n.htm?goback=%2Egde_2466888_news_495648488 : Great write-up on commercial space flight

 http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2010/11/12/deficit-commission-proposes-axing-commercial-spaceflight-without-knowing-what-it-is/ : Commercial Space Flight

 http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2010/09/15/boeing-unveils-plans-to-launch-private-citizens-into-orbit/ : Boeing plans for space flight


Ethan Chew:

Space Hardware Developer


Space Makers/Hackers and the development of space hardware.

 Before I begin, as I understand that most of my notes cross over with other space expert interviews (e.g. you have space experts from Mach 30 and SpaceGAMBIT, both mentioned below as examples of hackerspaces doing space projects), I recommend segmenting and differentiating our project by having the students focus on how hackerspaces support space projects and how the space projects function in the unique environment of the hackerspace.  Some good primer questions and points to think of:

  • What is a hackerspace and how does it work?  
    • It would be essential for the students to learn about open-source methods and community-based methods for projects and how they differ from close-source and proprietary methods of doing projects.
  • How do hackerspaces support space projects and how does a space project work in a hackerspace?
    • Keep in mind the first question as the project and hackerspace must take unique considerations of each other to cooperate.
  • What does the future of space projects being done in hackerspaces look like?

     Now to the point of the matter; first, the definition of a hackerspace (a.k.a. makerspace);

Wikipedia article: http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hackerspace

Directory of hackerspaces world wide: http://hackerspaces.org/wiki/

     A hackerspace is a shared community workspace that works on the principles of community and shared resources.  People can come together and share ideas, resources and expertise and collaborate on projects as a community ranging from art, robotics, education, biology and space.
     In line with the concept of community sharing, a lot of our projects are independent of proprietary for-profit corporate endeavors as in that we work with non-profits (many hackerspaces are non-profit organizations) and our projects and their info are open-source (all development information is in the public domain so that everyone can access it and replicate the project for themselves; wiki: http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_source, web: http://opensource.org/)

     Speaking if space, a history of space projects being done at hackerspaces runs a wide range:


Michael J. Laine:

President of the Lift Port Group and the design of a space elevator


The Space Elevator Concept for both the Earth and the Moon

Michael wants the whole group to read about the following topic before your interview.  So please read and really try to understand the following concept:

Lagrange Point- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kD9qx6ZKc6k --Watch this video first-you may need headphones or keep the sound low.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lagrange_point--Do you best with this I can help you understand it after you have read about it.

Here are some more information about the above:

http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/mission/observatory_l2.html --NASA discussion of this point

http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/What_are_Lagrange_points - More on this point

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z52WWLE8bBo --Video on this point


www.liftport.com -- The Main Webpage- Lots of other pages within this page--Check out everything

http://about.me/michaellaine  -- A webpage about Michael Laine

http://www.bing.com/search?setmkt=en-US&q=space+elevator --A search on space elevator concepts- Lots of clickable links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LiftPort_Group --The Liftport Wiki page--Also scroll down to the references and click on all the different ones. There are also PDF's of papers that have been wrtten on this concept. You can down load the papers here as well.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_elevator -- General Space elevator page- Again scroll all the way down to the references and check each of them out.

http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2000/ast07sep_1/ --NASA and the space elevator concept

http://spaceref.com/space-elevator/ --Space Elevator information from the spaceref.com

http://www.howstuffworks.com/space-elevator.htm -- How will it work?

http://www.space.com/2956-space-elevator-hoist-heavens.html --Space Elevator information from space.com

J. Simmons:

President of the Mach30 Space Research Group and Space Hardware Designer


Testing Propulsion Systems with and Building Hardware for Ground Communication Stations

Mach 30 Background
* Mach 30 home page - http://mach30.org/
* 2013 Recap Blog Post (visible from home page, but useful to have as a direct link) - http://mach30.org/2014/01/03/2013-recap/

Open Source Hardware Background
*Mach 30's summary of Open Source Hardware - http://mach30.org/open-source-hardware/
* Open Design Engine - https://opendesignengine.net/
* see the attached conference paper

Open Source Spaceflight
* also see the attached conference paper-- Please see Mr. Anderson for this paper!
* Blog post containing YouTube video of presentation about open source spaceflight - http://mach30.org/2013/12/08/open-source-development-from-software-to-space/
* Page listing other open source spaceflight groups - http://mach30.org/osshw-organizations/
* Export Controls and open source space resource page - http://mach30.org/ectf/

Mach 30 Open Source Spaceflight Projects
* Shepard Test Stand - https://opendesignengine.net/projects/shepard-ts (be sure to check out the project wiki)
* Ground Sphere Ground Station - https://opendesignengine.net/projects/groundsphere (be sure to check out the project wiki)


David Hewitt:

Propulsion Expert and Space Corporation Researcher


The New NASA Rocket: The SLS and Rocket/Propulsion History





http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/sls/garry-lyles.html#.UsosfvRDuSo -The challenge of building a bigger rocket system

Note: Research how rockets got started and its history

 Note: At the end of the Wiki pages there are resources and references you can click on.  A lot of good information here!

http://techgraffiti.com/the-most-powerful-rocket-in-history-nasas-new-launch-system-for-deep-space-exploration?image=0 --15 pictures of this new launch system

http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/10/prweb11098731.htm --Article on the SLS

I found a PDF of the booklet I told your class about this morning, it has great information about the capabilities of the system.  It was great fun this morning and I look forward to tomorrow.



Daniel Burbank:

Current NASA Astronaut and Space Walk and Robotics Specialists


Space Walks and Robotics in Space

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extra-vehicular_activity --Wiki link on the EVA-- An EVA is another name for a space walk.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_spacewalks_and_moonwalks_1965-1999 --A list of space walks through history

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_spacewalks_since_2000 -A list of space walks since the year 2000

http://www.space.com/24017-holiday-spacewalks-space-station-repairs.html --The most recent space walk to fix the International Space Station

http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/spacesuits/facts/facts-index.html --Facts on space suits and space walks from NASA

http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/spacesuits/home/clickable_suit.html --Learn about space suits and their parts

http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/3d_resources/station_spacewalk_game.html --Space Walk game

http://science.howstuffworks.com/suitless-space-walk.htm --What if we did not have a space suit for a space walk?

http://space.stackexchange.com/questions/205/what-level-of-protection-is-required-for-spacewalkers --Space walking information about protecting out bodies.

http://www.learnaboutrobots.com/space.htm--Robotics in space

http://robonaut.jsc.nasa.gov/ --Nasa info on robots in space

https://asunews.asu.edu/20130920-robot-exploration --The future of robotics in space



Andres Jones:

 Instrumental Analysis Engineer at NASA’s Goddard’s Space Center in MD

   Instrumental Analysis on the Curiosity Rover


Some websites for Curiosity include:
The Curiosity home page: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/
The SAM homepage (an instrument onboard Curiosity – the one that I work with): http://ssed.gsfc.nasa.gov/sam/
The ChemCam homepage (another instrument onboard Curiosity): http://www.msl-chemcam.com 

  Curiosity website:

Since the website has SO much information, a few particular website features your students might want to explore are -
Mission overview:

Curiosity’s instruments (with links to more information about each instrument):

Curiosity mission updates:

Videos (including Curiosity Rover Reports, which give mission updates in video form):

Your female students in particular may be interested in reading about a day when 75% of the people who led Curiosity rover operations were women:

The Curiosity instrument suite I work with is called the Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM). You can learn more about SAM through the SAM website:

The SAM website has two interactive features - 
A Martian Sample Adventure feature, where students can follow a sample of powdered rock or air through the SAM instrument suite to find out what the instruments can tell scientists about the samples:

And a SAM 2D Schematic, where students can scroll over different parts of the SAM instrument suite to learn about the different instrument components:

Curiosity has been in the news recently because of some of its recent discoveries, like the first discovery of organic molecules on Mars. There are links to the press releases and videos and publications on the Curiosity and SAM websites. There are lots of other news media that have reported on the results as well.

An example of an outside news source that tends to post good updates about the mission (and lots of planetary science topics) is Emily Lakdawalla’s Planetary Society blog. It might be a little above the reading level of your students, but your advanced students might like it:

Ethan Chew:

Lead High Altitude Lift Off (HALO) member and Former NASA Safety and Mission Assurance Engineer




Space Shuttle Safety

 To detail, my role with NASA was with the Safety & Mission Assurance (S&MA) organization working with Space Shuttle propulsion elements, Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME), External Tank (ET) and Reusable Solid Rocket Boosters (RSRB), to ensure that the NASA Shuttle was safe to fly for each flight and to address any issues that impacted mission safety.  I was based out of NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center in Huntsville, AL.

   I was an S&MA engineer who worked with the Propulsion Systems Integration & Engineering (PSE&I) branch; we have four branches, PSE&I and the other three each work the individual elements (SSME, ET and RSRB).  PSE&I takes a look at the integrated propulsion system as a whole on the vehicle and examines engineering issues that occur between interacting systems.  My S&MA team and I assessed those issues from a safety standpoint to assess the safety impact of issues that did occur and to see if the solutions/resolutions to those issues that PSE&I came up with were safe.

   I worked with this team from 2008 all the way to the last Shuttle launch in Summer 2011.  It was a great time getting to work with the Space Shuttle and see it to the end.  I had often dreamed of working on Shuttle as a kid and having the opportunity to see it through its final flight was amazing.

Sites to visit:

 http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/codeq/ : Basic information on the organization

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Shuttle_main_engine : Elements that he had to oversee

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Shuttle_external_tank : Elements that he had to oversee

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Shuttle_Solid_Rocket_Booster : Elements he had to oversee

http://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/home/index.html : This is where he worked!

Bill Brown:

Vice President of High Altitude Research Corp and Inventor


Near Space Research and Rockoons

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C3%A1rm%C3%A1n_line : Helpful to know while researching this topic

http://chapters.nss.org/al/HAL5/HALO-Intro.shtml : Basic information on the HALO Project that was started by Bill

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockoon : Basic Information

 www.wb8elk.com : Background info.

www.spaceportindiana.com : Good site, search the site for the information you need

www.nearspaceresearch.com : Background

www.harcspace.com : Background

http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/space/2011-04-26-space-tourism-travel_n.htm?goback=%2Egde_2466888_news_495648488 : Great write-up on commercial space flight

http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2010/11/12/deficit-commission-proposes-axing-commercial-spaceflight-without-knowing-what-it-is/ : Commercial Space Flight

 http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2010/09/15/boeing-unveils-plans-to-launch-private-citizens-into-orbit/ : Boeing plans for space flight


Some web links about high altitude balloons:
More on rockoons:------------------------------------------------New------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Angry Birds in Near Space (a project I did to inspire students at a summer space and science camp). We also launched crickets and they survived:

One of the questions today was about who is currently using Rockoons. Here's a link to a recent project by the University of Central Florida with some great info:

 Mars Balloons:
Venus balloon research platform:
 James Van Allen Rockoons:
Spaceport Indiana Angry Bird's in Near Space...our Cricketnauts survived:
Google Project Loon: