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### A Parent's Guide to the Elementary Mathematics Curriculum for Grade Five

The mathematics program presents concepts that are introduced, developed, or mastered throughout the elementary school years. Repetition throughout the year is needed to reinforce and build upon previously learned concepts. Problem solving is incorporated throughout the school year through each topic area. Select "Print Page" at the bottom of this page to print a copy of this guide.

### Things you can do at home to support your student:

• Promote school attendance
• Support student responsibility
• Encourage mathematic awareness
• Participate in the educational process
• Communicate with the school
• Remember that communication begins at home

#### Trimester 1 EM Units 1, 2, 3, 4

Numbers and Operations

• Identify, recognize, order and compare
numbers to 9,999,999
• Place value to ten-million
• Identify prime and composite numbers
• Multiplication of 2- and 3-digit numbers by 3-
digits
• Divide whole numbers with divisors of 1- and
2-digits
• Multiplication and division facts to 144
• Order of operations
• Mental math of multiplication and division by
tens, hundreds and thousands
• Mental math to compute change
• Mentally multiply 1 digit by 2 digits
• Estimation to solve problems and for
reasonableness with whole numbers
• Field properties (commutative)
• Identify, order and compare equivalent
decimals
• Identify, read and write decimals to the
thousandths
• Identify, order and compare decimals to the
thousandths
• Addition and subtraction of decimals
• Division with decimals in the dividend within
the context of money

Geometry and Measurement

• Identify, describe and classify the properties and attributes of triangles, quadrilaterals and
angles using congruency, parallelism and
perpendicularity
• Similarity of triangles and rectangles
• Measure angles with tools

Functions and Algebra

Data, Statistics and Probability

#### Trimester 2 EM Units 5, 6, 7, 8

Numbers and Operations

• Identify, order and compare equivalent
fractions, improper fractions and mixed
numerals
• Addition and subtraction of fractions and mixed
numbers with unlike denominators
• Connect common fractions (½, ¼, ¾ and any
number over 10, 100, 1000) to decimal
equivalents
• Identify, order and compare percents
• Connect percents (10%, 25%, 50%, 75% and
100%) to fractions and decimals
• Estimation to solve problems and for
reasonableness with fractions, decimals and
percents
• Connect numerals to quantities using models,
number lines and graphs for integers (positive and negative)
• Field properties (associative, identity and
distributive)

Geometry and Measurement

• Identify, describe and compare 3-dimensional
objects (triangular prism, cone and pyramids)
• Perimeter, area and volume using formulas and
grids
• Build 3-dimensional models from 2- and 3- dimensional
representations

Functions and Algebra

Data, Statistics and Probability
• Collect and record data using models, bar
graphs, circle graphs and tables
• Determine most effective way to collect data
and represent it
• Probability concepts
• Determine a fair game

#### Trimester 3 EM Units 9, 10, 11, 12

Numbers and Operations

• Employ mental and estimation strategies to
solve problems and determine
reasonableness of situation
Geometry and Measurement
• Measure, solve problems and make
conversions for time. Length, temperature,
capacity, mass and weight using both
standard and metric systems
• Interpret and give directions to plot points
and find horizontal and vertical distances ona coordinate grid in all four quadrants.
• Graph ordered pairs in four quadrant
• Slide, flip, turn polygons across the x or y
axis
• Measure accurately, solve problems, and
make conversions using both standard and
metric units
• Time to one minute interval
• Elapsed time to whole, half, quarter and 5
minute increments
Functions and Algebra
• Identify, extend and write rules for linear
and non-linear patterns
• Use letters and symbols to represent
unknown quantities
• Evaluate expressions using whole numbers
• Equivalency between two expressions
• Find a value that will make an open
sentence true
• Use parentheses to simplify numerical
expressions
• One and multi-step linear equations

Data, Statistics and Probability

• Analyze data to draw and justify
conclusions, make predictions and solve
problems
• Analyze patterns, trends and distributions using mean, median, mode and range
• Display experimental probability data in
bar, line graphs, line plots and tables