WHAT DO HORSES ADD TO THE SEARCH?
- Horses are slower than ATVs, enabling the rider to more easily search for clues and for the missing subject.
- Horses are faster than people on foot, enabling the team to quickly move from staging area to search area, move quickly between disparate search areas, and return from the outer reaches of their search area without the Command Post needing to deploy resources to retrieve the MSAR team.
- Horses are quieter than ATVs, enabling both the horse and rider to listen for voices, whistles, and other signals.
- Horses find their own best route down a path, enabling the rider to focus on looking
for clues and for the missing subject.
- A horse/rider team covers a wide angle of vision, about 5-8' off the ground. Being on the back of a horse elevates the riders' eyes to about 8' off the ground, giving a very different angle of view to the ground than a walker or ATV rider would have. Meanwhile, the horses' eyes are about the same height as those of a person on foot would be.
- Because horses are prey animals, they're looking for things that are out of place just as much as we are!
- Horses can see, hear, and smell things long before we can, and their reactions (stop, look and point their ears in that direction, snort) alert us that there's something we need to check out.
- Hearing: Horses have very keen hearing. Their short, pointed ears act like small radar antennas, picking up sounds too quiet for the rider to detect. Horses’ ears can swivel around to pick up sounds from almost any direction; usually they are also looking at whatever they point each ear toward on that side. For example, the horse below is looking diagonally behind himself with his left eye, at the same time as he’s looking at the camera with his right eye!
- Vision: Horses’ eyes are larger than any other land animal except ostriches, and they have excellent long-range vision both at night and in the daytime. Each eye can see things above, below, behind, and in front. The two eyes can be moved independently, each in a half-circle. Watch the horse’s ears, they can help indicate where he is looking!
- Smell: Horses have a well-developed sense of smell. Their nostrils are very large and can pick up scents from long distances. Horses can pick up foul and unusual odors, and their reaction will signal the rider.
HORSES' WORK ETHIC: Just like SAR dogs, a good SAR
horse knows when s/he is working, because the gear they wear, and the
atmosphere/vibe around them, are both different. On a search, they tend
to be much less prone to alert at irrelevant animals such as a chipmunk
or bird, are more willing to walk slowly, and are more patient when
standing tied. They know their job is to remain calm, choose a safe
path, and look/listen and smell for people and things that don't
"belong". This helps the rider, who is then able to better focus on
their own job, looking for clues and the missing subject.
APPROPRIATE SEARCH AREAS: MSAR teams are capable of searching varied terrain, including light woods, fields, roads, ATV trails, hiking trails, wild game trails, and even suburban neighborhoods. It is not generally safe for MSAR teams to search extremely steep areas, swampy areas, or areas with a lot of "slash" left over from logging operations. Thick woods can be difficult for MSAR teams to search as effectively as people walking on foot, but it can be done as long as the footing is safe.
COVERAGE AREA: Because our
members are located all over the state, we can respond to searches
anywhere in Maine.
RESPONSE TIME: Being put
on early standby is very helpful because we do require longer preparation time than other types of units. For one thing, we have a lot more gear... we carry 48-hour supplies both for ourselves and our horse. Also, many of our members do not keep their horses at home and their trailers hooked up. With proper notice, we can usually
have a team of two horses/riders (we always search in pairs for safety)
at the Command Post very close to the requested time.
Our riders are fully certified under the Maine Association for Search and Rescue (MASAR) standards. In addition, we schedule relevant new trainings throughout the year as available, such as Equine First Aid, Large Animal Rescue, Helicopter Training, Cadaver Training, Crime Scene Preservation, and more.
Our horses are fully certified under the Maine Association for Search and Rescue (MASAR) standards. In addition, we schedule relevant new trainings throughout the year as available, such as Helicopter Training and Cadaver Training. Also, most of our horses have another "job", which often includes parades, "trail riding" within urban city/town limits, long distance competition, and other disciplines that constantly reinforce the traits necessary for a useful SAR horse.
To view our PowerPoint presentation on "Benefits and Safety Standards of Using MSAR Teams" please click "Home" and scroll down to the attachment located at the bottom of the page. Thank you!
|This MSAR horse is standing at rest, conserving energy while waiting for a new assignment. His eyes are nearly shut, yet he has his right ear turned to listen to something off the left side of the picture, while his right ear is focused on the conversation his rider is having with her team mate. |
Note that he is standing calmly without being tied or held, and without the standard "ground tie" (loose end of the lead rope lying on the ground).
Our horses' bright orange tack and saddle packs, in combination with the rider's bright orange vest and helmet cover, make our horses extremely visible to hunters, ground searchers, and SAR aircraft.
All of our horses wear their halters under their bridles, enabling us to tie them to a tree or other secure object while we search on foot.
Our saddles are fit and outfitted so that they are comfortable for us and our horses even over the duration of a very long search day.
Some of our MSAR horses, like this one, wear rubber hoof boots instead of metal shoes. Hoof boots protect the entire bottom of the hoof from debris that might cut it, and they also allow the rider to easily switch between flat soles and studs for better traction in ice/snow or mud.