To Kill A Mockingbird

The Novel in Context

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To kill a mockingbird
The Great Depression
Scottsboro Boys
Ku Klux Klan
Jim Crow
Education History
Harper Lee
Segregation History
Alabama History
Tenant Farming
Timelines– scroll to find 1930’s
Nineteen thirties
United States History 1933-194
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Nineteen thirties
United States History 1933-1945
United States Social Conditions 1933-1945

  Many print resources on [topic] or [topic] will be located in [call numbers].
        305.8 Racism, Jim Crow
        323.1196  Civil Rights- Blacks 
        909.823 - 1930's
        973.91 U.S. History, Great Depression

        B Lee H  Biography of Harper Lee

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    To Kill a Mockingbird

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    Tenant Farming


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    To kill a mockingbird

    The Great Deptression
    Scottsboro Boys
    Ku Klus Klan
    Jim Crow
    Education History
    Harper Lee
    Segregation History
    Alabama History
    Tenant Farming
    Timelines – scroll to find 1930’s

    >Topic Specific Sites

    For Educators
    Student Survival Guide  Synopsis of each chapter, vocabulary, allusions, idioms
    To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee:  Then and Now
    Twelve Great Lessons for Teaching the Great Depression from Education World
    Understanding “To Kill a Mockingbird”: a Novel by Harper Lee
    Vocabulary Words from Harper Lee's   To Kill a Mockingbird 
    Web English Teacher

    Encyclopedia of Alabama – award winning site by the State of Alabama.  Covers various topics, like history, arts, literature, geography, etc.
               Search example:  Go to History > 1929-1948 Great Depression and World War II

    A Photo Dossier on Sharecropping
    American Experience: Forty Acres and a Mule
    American Experience: Slave to Sharecropper
    Negro Jobs

    Great Depression and the 1930’s
    1930 Census of Population and Housing
    1930s from The Authentic History Center
    1930’s from Digital History
    America in the 1930's from the University of Virginia
    American Cultural History: 1930-1939  from Lonestar College, Kingwood, TX Library. Covers multiple topics in the 1930’s: events, people, art, architecture, education, fads, literature, etc.
    Alabama Timeline
    The Depression News:  1930s
    The Great Depression – from the English Department of the University of Illinois
    The Great Depression and World War II 1929-1945 from the Library of Congress
    Monroe County Heritage Museum  
    A Short History of the Great Depression- from the New York Times

    WWW-VL: History: USA: 1930-1939

    Ku Klux Klan
    American Experience: White Men Unite
    Infoplease Encyclopedia: Ku Klux Klan
    Jim Crow Stories: The Ku Klux Klan Ku Klux Klan
    Eyewitness to History: Ku Klux Klan
    The Jazz Age: The American 1920s - The Ku Klux Klan
    Anti-Defamation League: Ku Klux Klan

    Without Sanctuary: Photographs and Postcards of Lynching in America (Warning: graphic depictions of murder)
    The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots in the United States,1880-1950
    About Lynching Lynching
    Billie Holliday singing “Strange Fruit”

    Lee, Harper
    Author Profile: Harper Lee – from
    Harper Lee – from the Encyclopedia of Alabam
    Harper Lee Biography – from the Biography Channel
    Search for the book I am Scout in the library catalog for a biography of Lee.

    Life Histories
    American Life Histories:  Manuscripts from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936 – 1940
    WPA Life Histories from Alabama: Manuscripts from the Federal Writer’s Project

    New Deal
    New Deal - Photographs and images
    New Deal Network – Extensive information about the Roosevelt administration and the New Deal

    Photo Gallery – Photographs and images
    A New Deal for Carbon Hill, Alabama:  A Photographic Document
    Alcohol, Temperance, and Prohibition – from Brown University – information and thousands of photos and images
    American from the Great Depression to World War II:  Black-and-White Photographs from the FSA-OWI 1935-1945
    Carbon Hill, AL
    Farm Security Administration Black and White Photos
    Great Depression Photos from Web Crawler 
    Hoovervilles – Photograph collage
    New Deal - Photographs and images from the FDR Presidential library
    The New Deal Network 
    New York World’s Fair – photos and images
    Photographs of the Great Depression – a wide variety of pictures
    Photographs of the New Deal – from the New Deal Network  - a wide variety of photos and images
    Photos of the Great Depression and the New Deal from the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

    Consumer Price Index  - Use this chart to compute prices for the 1930's

         Example - if you bought a gallon of gas for $2.50 last summer, what would it have cost in 1932?
         Look up Consumer Price Index (CPI) on the chart for 1932 and 2008.
         Using a
    calculator insert the figures into this formula :

              2010  price x (1932 cpi / 2010 cpi) = 1932 price
              $3.00 X (13.7 cpi / 219.7 cpi) = 1932 price
              $3.00 (.0623) = $0.19     19 cents !

    What is a dollar worth?   If something cost $1.00 in 1930, what would it cost today?  Use the calculator from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.

    Segregation/Jim Crow
    Jim Crow Laws – a list of actual laws grouped by category and state
    No colored barber shall serve as a barber to white women or girls.”
    “It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other at any game of pool or billiards.”
    “Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any colored child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a colored school.”
    The History of Jim Crow ~ "An educator's site that presents teachers with new historical resources and teaching ideas on one of the most shameful periods in American history." The material includes essays, personal narratives, lesson plans, photographs and historical images, and maps and geographical perspectives on segregation in the United States from the 1870s through the 1950s. "Content was generated by a national collaboration of classroom teachers, working with professional historians."

    The Murder of Emmett Till ~ Click on Segregation. Companion to a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) American Experience program about the 1955 murder of a northern black teenager after he whistled at a white woman in Mississippi. The site features a timeline, information about people and events (such as lynching in the United States), and related material.

    Remembering Jim Crow ~ Scroll down for excerpts from interviews, sample Jim Crow laws, a bibliography, and links to related sites. This site is the companion to an American RadioWorks documentary about Jim Crow segregation in which "for much of the 20th Century, African Americans in the South were barred from the voting booth, sent to the back of the bus, and walled off from many of the rights they deserved as American citizens."

    The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow ~ Click a Century of Segregation for an interactive timeline. Click Jim Crow Stories to see, hear and read video, images and primary documents. Also includes interactive maps. The online companion to the PBS documentary about the government-sanctioned racial oppression and segregation in the United States.

    Scottsboro: An American Tragedy -  Online companion to the acclaimed PBS documentary (of the same title) about the controversial 1931 Scottsboro, Alabama, court trial of nine young black men. Features a timeline of the event and subsequent trials (including Supreme Court decisions), a map, information on related people and eventsdocuments and reactions taken from the time of the incident, a bibliography, links, and a teacher's guide. Also contains a transcript of the film and an interview with the film's cinematographer.

    Scottsboro Boys:  Nine Lives Overlooked, Lost  - “In March 1931, two white women accused nine black teen-agers riding a hobo freight train of rape. The men were arrested near Scottsboro, Alabama, and put on trial. Eight were sentenced to death, despite flimsy testimony from the women, one of whom later recanted. The ninth, 13, got life in prison.” - Click on Trials, Players, and Interviews for information, primary sources, maps, and images. A documentary from CourtTV.

    The Scottsboro Boys Trials ~ Extensive information, primary documents, and images surrounding the famous trials. Douglas O. Linder, University of Missouri, Kansas City School of Law
    Scottsboro Case: “Opinion of Judge James F. Horton of the Alabama Circuit Court granting a motion for a new trial in the Scottsboro case on the ground that the conviction was against the weight of the evidence”