Welcome to the BEST middle school in the WORLD!

#PGMRocks



 


WHAT'S GOING ON:

Here is where you will find important information
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Welcome the the 2017-2018 School Year

August 28-September 1
Test Wednesday over
Government and Economics

We will start Europe after our test! We will begin with countries and physical features (rivers, mountain chains, etc).

Sample test question:

Sample: The United Kingdom Customs Service has found toxic lead-based paint in toys imported from a Chinese toy-making company. These toys are intended for sale in the United Kingdom. Exposure to the paint over a long period of time could be fatal to children under 6 years old.

What type of trade barrier would guarantee that no child in the United Kingdom would be exposed to the deadly lead-based paint? 


Study Guide August 2017 ANSWERS

Which BEST describes the primary function of the North American Free Trade Agreement?

       Create rules and regulations

       Eliminate Tariffs

       Remove restrictions and custom barriers

Which is not a barrier of trade?

       investments

Which is a form of government in which all citizens are allowed to participate?

       Democracy

What is a government that is controlled by one supreme ruler such as an absolute monarch?

       Autocracy

Which economic system is primarily based on the roles and production of the culture’s ancestors?

       Traditional

In order to put pressure on the government of Cuba to change its ways, the United States has laws that forbid Americans from traveling to or trading with Cuba. These laws have been in effect for decades and have stopped billions of dollars in trade between the two countries.

 

 The U.S. laws discussed in the box above are an example of which economic action?

       Embargo

In this type of democracy, the leader works with the legislature.

       Parliamentary

Mexico’s president is elected by the people. The regional governments (states) retain a degree of self-government and the powers of the central (national) government are restricted. Ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their government representatives. What type of government does Mexico have?


       Presidential


Which type of government is most likely to abolish all opposing political parties, the direct election of leaders, and free speech?

       Autocracy

What are 3 economic questions asked when studying the similarities of a traditional, command and market economy among nations of the world?

       What goods/services will be produced?

       How will goods/services be produced?

       Who will consume the goods/services?

When a country has a market economy, which of these statements correctly defines this system?

       Companies produce goods of their choice and consumers decide whether to buy the goods.

Which term best describes an economic system in which the people—not the government—own land, factories, and businesses?

       Market

Describe a market economy

       People control based on supply and demand

What is NAFTA?

 

      The North American Free Trade Agreement

What is a basic way citizens of a democratic nation can influence the government?

      Voting

 

Draw the economic continuum.

  

List the 5 themes of Geography

      Location

      Place

      Movement

      Human-Environment Interaction

      Region

What is half of a sphere?

·       hemisphere

The Earth is divided into 4 hemispheres.

What are they?

      Northern Hemisphere

      Southern Hemisphere

      Eastern Hemisphere

      Western Hemisphere

Draw a compass rose showing the cardinal and intermediate directions.

 Draw a globe identifying the Equator and the Prime Meridian and one latitudinal and one longitudinal line.

*Look over identifying Lat. & Long. on a map.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


August 21-25
Monday 1/2 day for the Solar Eclipse
This week we will be touching on: 
Government:  Autocratic & Democratic
Economics: Traditional, Command, Market
Trade Barriers: tariffs, quotas, embargos

August 14-18
We are having a quiz over all items in our Interactive Notebooks!
Please look under the THEMES tab at the top of this webpage.  You will find PowerPoints that will help you study.


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
May 8-12th

Our project for this week
May1-May 6:


April 24-28
We will continue the testing schedule!  ELA and Math are the tested subjects this week.  The Social Studies test is in May!

Please continue to work on your GIGANTIC review packet (we have worked on it for about 2-3 weeks so far).  It will be a TEST grade.

TESTING SCHEDULE AND REVIEW from 4-18-2017 until 4-27-2017

April 10-14
Welcome Back!  It was a wonderful Spring Break!
This week we are working our hearts out to get tons of grades in the grade book.  The next 6 weeks will be flying by and we need as many grades as possible in the grade book!  PLEASE express the importance of turning everything in these next few weeks!

March 27-31
Australia Test is this Thursday! 
We are working on a travel brochure that will be counted as a test grade!  SUPER EASY AND FUN!
Happy Spring Break!

March 20 - 24
We are now starting a new unit on Australia!
This week:  physical and political features of Australia

SS6H9a. James Cook is famous because he did what?

SS6H8. Native inhabitants of Australia are known as ______________________.

SS6H9b. European weapons and diseases had which of the following effects on native populations in Australia?

SS6G13a. Sheila lives in a very populated city.  It is most likely she lives in which quadrant of Australia?

SS6E8c. Australia’s economy is best described as a ________________ economy.

SSE10d. Australia’s economy encourages:

SS6G13. Why do people in Australia usually not live in desert regions? 

SS6G14a. Australia’s culture is very:  

SS6CG7. Who holds most of the power in Australia’s government?

SS6H9a. What event in Australian history created prosperity for immigrants at the same time it took more land away from the Aborigines?

SS6H9a. Australia’s parliamentary system is evidence that it was colonized by which European country?

SS6G13b. Australia’s beautiful beaches are one reason why

SS6G12a. What Australian natural feature is so large it can be seen from outer space?

SS6G14b. Which of the following groups has the lowest literacy rate? Residents living in Berlin., Residents living in Sydney, Australia., Residents living in Canberra, Australia., Aboriginal tribe members living in Australia.

SS6G12a. What is the traditional Aboriginal name for Ayers Rock?

SS6G14a. Which of the following does not accurately describe British influence on Australia?

    1. Australia has a Parliamentary Democracy
    2. The official language is English
    3. Most Australians are Christian
    4. Australians vote directly for their Prime Minister

Compare and contrast the history of European exploration in Latin America with the history of European exploration in Australia.  (You should be able to show at least a total of THREE ways that they were similar or different.)

 

 

Questions and Answers:

 

Why did the British want to colonize Australia?

To make a penal colony (a prison colony) because there was overcrowding in the British jails; they could no longer send prisoners to America after the American Revolution

 

How was the indigenous population in Australia (the Aborigines) affected by colonization?

90% of Aborigines died from European (Old World) diseases and weapons; Aborigines had never seen guns before the Europeans arrived

 

How did European colonization affect the language and religion of Australia?

English people colonized Australia; they brought their language and religion with them. They speak English and practice Christianity.

 

What role does the citizen have as a participant in Australia's government?

Australia has a parliamentary democracy; citizens can vote in elections

 

How do the factors of location, climate, natural resources, and water affect where Australians live?

People live where the resources are -- food, water, jobs. Most Australians live in the city where these resources are located. Most DO NOT live in the Outback (desert area).

 

How do the factors of location, climate, natural resources, and water affect trade?

It is easier to trade when you have access to water, roads, and railroads. More trading is done in the cities and not in the Outback (desert area).

 

What type of economy does Australia have?

Mixed market like USA. All countries we have studied (except for Cuba!) have a mixed market economy.

 

How does specialization enhance Australia's ability to trade with other countries?

Specialization means that a country trades and makes what it is good at. Australia has lots of mineral resources, so they specialize in trading those. Countries all around the world buy these items from Australia. (Diamonds, gold, silver, other precious metals.)

 

How does the unequal distribution of resources affect Australia?

They have to IMPORT items that they do not make from other countries. This can cost lots of money.

 

How did the Aborigines get to Australia?

They traveled by land bridges and boats about 45,000 - 60,000 years ago!

 

What impact did the migration of Aborigines have on society and culture of Australia?

The Aborigines barely survived the European invasion, but their culture lives on through storytelling, music and art

Australia lies between which oceans?   Indian and Pacific

What is the name of the world’s largest reef?  Great Barrier Reef

What is Australia’s most famous natural landmark?  Ayers Rock

An Australian natural resource is:  Coal, diamonds, olive trees

On which continent is Australia located?  Australia

One of Australia’s major trading partners is:  China

What is the name of Australia’s indigenous inhabitants?  Aborigines

What is the major religion in Australia?  Christianity

What language do Australians speak?  English

What type of government does Australia have?  Federal parliamentary democracy

Who is the most powerful person in Australian government?  Prime Minister 

In 1924 Australia established “compulsory voting”.  What does that mean?   Everyone is mandated to vote or be fined 

What restricts the amount of a product that can be imported?  Quota

What was Britain’s most important use for Australia?  A penal colony






March 13-17th
Thursday is our BIG Canada test.  Use these BIG IDEAS to help you study :)

                                         Canada BIG IDEAS

 

Wildlife loses large areas of habitat from clear-cutting.

To help protect the forests, Canada is planting seeds and seedlings.

The Canadian and U.S. governments have to work together to clean up the Great Lakes because they share the lakes.

Canada’s government provides health care for its citizens.

Canada is a parliamentary democracy which means its citizens elect members of parliament.

The Prime Minister is the head of government of Canada.

The British monarch (currently Elizabeth II) I Canada’s head of state.

Canada has a mixed market economy.

An entrepreneur is someone who uses their own money to start up a business.

NAFTA stands for North American Free Trade Agreement.

NAFTA I used by the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

NAFTA is significant because it removes all trade barriers between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.  It was signed into effect in 1994.

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories.

The soil in the Canadian Shield is rich in mineral resources.

Coal burning power plants contribute to acid rain.

Canada’s government can be classified as Constitutional Monarchy, Parliamentary Democracy, and Federal.

The language and culture of Quebec is being protected by making both French and English the official languages.

Canadian’s role as a citizen is that they are able to vote for members of parliament.

 

Be able to label on a map the following places: Arctic Ocean, Rocky Mountains, Hudson Bay, Atlantic Ocean, St. Lawrence Seaway, Canadian Shield, Great Lakes, and Pacific Ocean

 




March 6-10

Test this Week (Thursday) over Canada's physical features, climate, population distribution, natural resources, and trade.

What we are working on this week:


Feb 27-March 3

We are now studying Canada!  YAAAAY!  We are getting closer to the end of the school year!  We are on the downward slope now!

This week is physical and political features of Canada!  We are also making a "suitcase" for all that we are learning!  (It is an easy test grade)


February 22 - 24
IT IS A SHORT WEEK...YAAAAAAAY!!!
MOVIE NIGHT IS SCHEDULED FOR MARCH 18th (the afternoon showing).
We are reviewing GOVERNMENT and learning about Latin America's different systems of government.
Students will also study Latin America's Economic Systems, tariffs, quotas and embargos {REVIEW}!

February 13-17
We are finishing up our study of Latin American History.  Our test is THURSDAY!
Here are some items to help you study:


Event

Time

Where

Description     of the Event

Results

( Consequences)

Atlantic Slave Trade (Triangular Trade )

1500’sto 1800’s

Across the Atlantic Ocean-

trade between  the Americas, Europe and Africa.

 

 

Slaves were brought to work in the Americas, goods like sugarcane were traded.

Many people in Latin America today are of African descent.

Plantation owners became wealthy and powerful.

Haitian Independence

Movement

(LOuverture)

 

 

 

 

1794

Saint Domingue: A French colony in the Caribbean

The slaves of the colony revolt, and take control. They rename the island Haiti.

-Other European countries want to control Haiti and it’s rich sugarcane farms.

-France loses its richest colony.

 

Mexican Independence Movement

(Hidalgo)

 

 

 

 

1810-

1821

Mexico:

A  Spanish colony in North America.

A priest ,Miguel Hidalgo, calls the people to revolt in his Cry of Dolores. The people are tired of Spanish rule and heavy taxes.

-Mexico becomes an independent nation.

-Spain’s power and wealth is weakened.

South American Independence Movement

(Bolivar)

 

 

1810-1820’s

South American continent:

Much of the continent is controlled by Spain.

Most of South America fights for independence from the Spanish empire.

-Spain’s power and wealth is weakened.

-Many new countries are formed in South America.

Cuban Revolution

 

 

 

 

 

1959

Island of Cuba in the Caribbean

Fidel  Castro led the poor people of Cuba to replace their government with a communist  society.

-All ties to the United States are cut off.

-U.S. embargo against Cuba

-U.S. accepts Cuban refugees

-Cuba becomes an ally of the Soviet union during the Cold War.

 

 

Zapatista Movement

 

 

 

1994

Country of Mexico; in the southern state of Chiapas.

The poor, indigenous farmers believed that due to NAFTA, cheap corn prices would destroy the economy.

-Several political reforms were put in place to improve the lives

of Native Americans- better housing , education, land division, and representation in the legislature.

Latin America Study Guide

1)      Latin America is made up of South America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

2)      Miguel Hidalgo is known as the father of Mexico’s independence movement.

3)      Toussaint L’Ouverture was a slave who revolted against the French for Haiti’s independence.

4)      Atahualpa was the last Sopa Inca (emperor) who was killed by the Spanish.

5)      Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca.

6)      Montezuma II was the last Aztec Emperor.

7)      Hernan Cortez conquered the Aztec.

8)      Simon Bolivar was known as the “George Washington of South America” and liberated many South American countries from Spanish rule.

9)      Fidel Castro overthrew Cuba’s government in 1959 and became dictator.

10)   Soil and water are examples of natural resources.

11)   Entrepreneurs create businesses that give people jobs.

12)   An embargo is government ordering to stop trade.

13)   Quota is a limit placed on the number of items that can enter a country.

14)   A tariff is a tax placed on imports.

15)   Examples of human capital are education, training, and healthcare.

16)   Brazil was Portugal’s only colony in Latin America.

17)   Spain had the most significant impact on language and religion of Latin America.

18)   Zapatista’s thought NAFTA would increase poverty in Mexico’s native people.

19)   The Soviet Union supported Cuba until 1991.

20)   A nuclear war almost occurred when Cuba allowed the Soviet Union to build a nuclear missile launch complex in Cuba.

21)   The USA placed an embargo on Cuba when they took over property owned by Americans.

22)    When diseases wiped out a majority of indigenous (native) people in Latin America, the African Slave Trade began to replace the plantation workers.

23)   The Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca because diseases killed most of the indigenous population.

24)   Venezuela has ports in both the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.  This has greatly helped with trade.

25)   Latin America is referred to as Latin America because the three main languages spoken there are derived from Latin.

26)   People like to exchange currency so they can buy and sell goods with countries that have other currencies.

27)   Specialization allows a factory to produce better quality goods.

28)   A country with a high literacy rate will have a high standard of living.

29)   NAFTA allows trade between USA, Canada, and Mexico without tariffs and quotas.

30)   In a market economy, companies produce goods of their choice and consumers decide whether to buy the goods.

31)   Voting is the best way a citizen in a democratic country can influence the government.

32)   In a unitary government, there would be no political parties, no direct election of leaders, and no free speech.

33)   A Federal government can be an autocracy or democracy.

34)   A confederation will have a weak central government but strong state/local governments

 

Be able to label the following on a physical map:

Sierra Madre Mountains Caribbean Sea                   Gulf of Mexico                  Atlantic Ocean

Panama Canal                                  Pacific Ocean                    Andes Mountains              Atacama Desert

Amazon River

 

Be able to label the following on a political map:

Mexico                                               Cuba                                    Haiti                                     Venezuela

Colombia                                           Panama                              Brazil                                   Bolivia




February 6-10
We are studying the HISTORY of Latin America this week!  Aztec, Inca, Latin America Independence, and the people who began the movements!

Jan 30- Feb 3rd
Test Wednesday!  
Geography, Environmental Issues, Blending of Ethnic Groups and Literacy Rate of Latin America
Please study your packet and Interactive Notebook!

Latin America  Study Guide Questions and Answers

 

1. __Sierra Madre_________ Mountains run through Mexico and the _____Andes___________ Mountains run through the western side of South America.

 

2. The Panama Canal connects what two bodies of water? Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean

3. What is the second driest place on earth that is created by a rain shadow effect from the Andes Mountains?

 

Atacama Desert

 

4. What is the largest country in Latin America? Brazil

5. Which Latin American country has the smallest population? (Bolivia, Mexico, Cuba, or Haiti)  Why does this make sense geography?   Bolivia – South America is called the “Hollow Continent” because the majority of the people live on the coast.  Bolivia is located in the middle of South America were the population is smaller.

 

6. How is air pollution impacted by the geography of  Mexico? Sierra Madre mountains trap the pollution above the city

 

7. Why are people destroying the rainforest of Brazil? Rainforests are being destroyed due to cattle ranching, farming and Brazil’s desire for natural resources (economic).

 

 

8. What environmental issue causes Lake Maracaibo’s shore to drop 3 inches a year?  Oil spills (oil pollution)

 

 

9. How do the Andes Mountains affect trade in South America? Do they make it easier or harder? Justify your answer using what you know about geography.

The sheer size of the mountains creates a trade barrier.  The Andes makes it harder. 

 

 

10. Venezuela has a great location for trade. Why does this make sense (use your knowledge of geography to support your answer)?

Venezuela has a large coastline with access to both the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

 

11. Why is the Amazon River important to South America? (List at least three reasons)

The Amazon River provides a major trade route, fertile soil for farming and

12. Why is Latin America referred to as the “hollow continent”?  (This may help give a clue to the answer for number 5)!   South America is referred to the “hollow continent’ because the majority of the people live along the coastline.

13. How does Cuba’s lack of natural resources affect their trade?  Cuba has to import more products.

 

 

14. How do Mestizos explain cultural diversity in Latin America?  Mestizos are a culture that was created by intermarriages between Europeans (Spanish) and Native Americans (Aztecs).  This culture adds to the diversity of Latin America through the unique holidays, music, food and traditions that have been created.

15. Define Mulattoes.   Mulattoes are a culture that was created by the intermarriages between Europeans (French, Spanish) and Africans.  This culture can be seen in the country of Haiti.

16. What is one cause for the blending of cultures in Latin America and the Caribbean? You will want to include your knowledge of cultural diffusion/exchange… and your knowledge of what really helped transform/change Latin America forever.

The blending of cultures was created when different groups (Native Americans, Europeans and Africans) intermarried.  These cultures are unique to Latin America.  Many different elements have been created including music, food, holidays, dance, etc.

 

18. Why do we use the term “Latin” to describe and group Latin America? The term Latin America developed based on the primary languages of the countries being based on the “LATIN” language (Spanish and Portuguese).

 

19. Which European country had the most significant impact on the languages and religions in Latin America?   Spain

 

20. What are two primary languages in Latin America, and what language are they both based on (what’s each of their root languages)?   Spanish and Portuguese – These languages are based on Latin.

 

 

21. Spain, Portugal, France, and England spread their languages and religions by means of cultural _______diffusion________________.

22. Which of the following regions make up Latin America: Canada, USA, Mexico, Central America, Caribbean Islands, South America?  Central America, the Caribbean Islands and South America

23. The economic level achieved by a person, family, or country is called standard of living. Describe the standard of living found in Latin America compared to the standard of living in America.

The standard of living in Latin America is lower than the United States. 

 

24. Describe the standard of living people who are illiterate will have.  The standard of living for people who are illiterate (cannot read and write) is low. 

 

 This may help, too:

  1. What is the relationship between the literacy rate and standard of living in Latin America?  The higher the literacy rate the higher the standard of living (usually).

 

  1. Cuba has a dictatorship in which power is held by one central authority. It does not allow freedom of choice in elections and the only political party allowed is the Communist Party. What type of government is Cuba classified as? Unitary

 

  1. All citizens participate equally in which type of government?   Democracy

 

  1. Mexico’s president is elected by the people. The regional governments (states) retain a degree of self-government and the powers of the central (national) government are restricted. Ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their government representatives. What type of government does Mexico have?  Federal Republic

 

  1. Which country supported communist Cuba in the past? The Soviet Union

 

  1. Latin America and the Caribbean are very diverse, culturally blended areas. What is a reason for this diversity? Intermarriage of European settlers and the native peoples.

 

  1. The government of Brazil has a national government and 26 state governments, each with some reserved powers and some shared powers. What type of government does Brazil have? Federal or Federal Republic

 

  1. In which system of government does the legislature elect the executive leader of the government?  Parliamentary democracy

 

  1. What is a lasting impact of the Cuban Revolution? Cuba’s people have less political freedoms

 

  1. Make sure you know where the following countries are located: Cuba, Haiti, Mexico, Brazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Panama, and Venezuela

 

  1. How has Spain’s colonial era still affecting the countries of Latin America today? Most speak Spanish and most are Catholic

 

  1. You are a rich farmer in a small country and have a job in the national government. Most of the people in your country are very poor. You and a small group of wealthy landowning families hold all of the political power in your nation. This small group makes all political decisions for your country. When making decisions, you generally do what is best for your families rather than what is best for all citizens in your country? What form of government does your country have? Oligarchic

 

  1. You are the chief executive (national leader)  in your country’s democratically elected national government. You came to power in the last election after your political party won a majority of the seats in the national legislature. As leader of your political party, you were chosen to be the head of government by your co-workers in the legislature. Which form of government do you have? Parliamentary

 

  1. What language is most commonly spoken in Latin America?  Spanish

 

  1. Which country had the most significant impact on Latin America? Spain

 

  1. What a basic way the citizens of a democratic nation can influence the government? By voting

 

  1. Cuba has the type of government in which the ruler has absolute power and is not restricted by a constitution, laws or the citizens. What type of government does Cuba have? Communist Dictatorship or Dictatorship

 

  1. What are the children of black-Africans and Europeans called in Latin America? Mulattoes

 

  1. Which Latin American country (countries) has (have) a federal-republican government, a president and personal freedoms? Mexico and Brazil

 

  1. What Latin American country is the only one whose language and culture have been greatly influence by Portugal?  Brazil

 

  1. Which type of government is most likely to abolish (outlaw): all opposing political parties, the direct election of leaders, and free speech? Autocratic

 

  1. What is the leader of the Parliament called for Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom called?  The Prime Minister

 

 

January 17-20
Quiz Tuesday 
We are studying Environmental Issues of Latin America as well as Location, Climate,  and Natural Resources


January 9-13

Monday we are taking the Social Studies Benchmark
Tuesday: Guidance
Wednesday-Friday:  LATIN AMERICA!  Please study political (countries) and physical (rivers, mountains, etc) features of Latin America.  Quiz is planned for Friday 

December 5-9th
We have a test over Economics and Government Thursday and our Field Trip is FRIDAY!


November 28- December 2nd
Reviewing GOVERNMENT and starting Economics

We are getting ready for the EPCOT trip!  Please make sure your child has turned in their medical form for the trip and has a ride to the school and HOME!

November 14-18
TEST THIS WEDNESDAY (European Government)

Describe an oligarchy? a small group of people who run a country or organization, or a country that is run by a small group of people

Citizen participation? The citizen has a very limited role.

Describe an autocracy? a system of government in which one person or group has unlimited power

Citizen participation? The citizen has limited, if any, role in government

Describe a democracy? a system of government in which every citizen in the country can vote to elect its government officials:

Citizen participation? The citizen has full participation

 

How does a monarchy come into power?  Through heredity/bloodlines

How does the House of Lords members come into power? most new members of the House of Lords are appointed.

How does the House of Commons members come into power? The House is an elected body consisting of 650 members known as members of parliament (MPs)

How does the Bundesrat members come into power? are delegated by the respective state government.

How does the Bundestag members come into power? Representatives of the Bundestag are directly elected, usually every four years

How does the Federation Council members come into power? the Council is not directly elected, but instead chosen by territorial politicians, resembling in some respects to the structure of the U.S. Senate 

How does the State Duma members come into power? The Duma is elected for four years, but may be dismissed by the President under conditions stipulated in the Constitution.

What is a unitary government? A form of government in which the powers of all provincial and local governments are specified by a single national government.  An example of a unitary government is the United Kingdom overseeing Scotland.

What is a confederation?   independent nations or states joined in a league or confederacy whose central authority is usually confined to common defense and limited political cooperation

What is a federal government? A federal system of government is one that divides the powers of government between the national (federal) government and state and local governments where each level of government has control in some areas and shares powers in other areas

What is a presidential democracy?   A presidential democracy is a system of government in which also called an executive branch exist but is separate from the legislature. 
We elect a president to make informed decisions for us and to represent our needs in political forums.

What is a parliamentary democracy?  a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them



November 7th-11th
We are working on European Governments:

Monarchy

A country ruled by a king or queen.  A monarch is born, the son or daughter of the king and queen.  In the past, monarchs had complete—or absolute—power, and the people had no rights.

 

Autocracy

A country completely ruled by one person, either a dictator or a monarch.  Monarchs are born; dictators take power by force.  An autocratic ruler does not share power; the citizens are powerless.

 

Oligarchy

A country controlled by a few powerful people who are not elected.  They are usually rich, and they use their power to get richer.  The little people are powerless—until they rise up.

 

Democracy

A country ruled by the people.  Citizens vote to elect leaders, and leaders represent the will of the people.  Representatives serve a set time, and then they will be re-elected or rejected by voters.

 

Unitary Government 

One central government has all the power in a country.  States and communities have limited roles.  The central government is elected by the people.  It makes all the decisions in the country.

 

Confederation

A group of countries that formally agrees to work together.  They all sign a treaty and cooperate as equals to benefit all members.   A confederation is voluntary.  Members meet to discuss decisions.

 

Federal Government

A central, national government that shares power with states.  A constitution divides responsibilities between the federal central government and the states.  

 

Presidential Democracy

A democracy where the people vote directly for the leader, who is the president.  In an election, citizens choose representatives to serve in the legislature, and citizens choose the president.

 

Parliamentary Democracy 

A democracy where the people vote for legislators, and then the legislators choose the leader.  The people do not choose the leader. The leader is called the prime minister or the chancellor.

 


October 31-November 4

The test is THIS Wednesday!  It has almost 60 questions ranging from the 3 G's through the Cold War!  Be sure to study extra hard!





October 24-28th
We are currently studying the Treaty of Versilles and WW2.  Test will be next week!

October 17-21st
We are now learning about the causes of WW1 (MANIACS).  Quiz will be coming up soon!
Militarism
Alliances
Nationalism
Imperialism
Assassination
Conflict
Series of

Diplomatic failures

Honor Roll party on Friday
Epcot money due
October 10-14th
TEST=FRIDAY
This Friday is MOVIE NIGHT!   Flyers will be going home on Tuesday
We are studying Exploration and  colonization. PLEASE look over your Interactive Notebook each night!

October 3- October 6th

We are studying European exploration and colonization!  We will have a brief quiz (check for understanding) THURSDAY! 

 Notes to help guide you through this new (long)  unit:

EXPLORATION & COLONIZATION Quick facts:

·        Three Gs are GOD, GOLD, GLORY

·        Famous explorers went to find "new lands" they could "claim" for their homeland.

·        Prince Henry had a school of navigation (in Portugal) and taught many of the explorers how to be successful

·        They would explore for the purpose of colonization.

·        It was the "cool thing" to have colonies.  The more colonies you had, the more jealous everyone was. (Jealousy that eventually led to WW1)

·        Colonies also provided raw materials and resources (especially important for smaller countries). The wealth went to the empires in Europe, often leaving the colonies to struggle.


COMING UP:      

The "BIG FOUR" European Empires were 1. England (Britain/UK) 2. France 3. Spain 4. Portugal


The Four Reasons why England (Britain/UK) Colonized Australia:
1) For a prison colony to help them (England) with their overcrowded prisons.
2) To extend their (England's) military reach by having a naval base in the southern hemisphere.
3) For expansion of trade via a British trading post in Australia.
4) To beat their rivals (mainly France) in the race for colonies by claiming Australia before the other European empires had a chance.


The Causes of World War 1 (some of them):

·        The U.K. and Germany were competing to have the most powerful navy in the world. This caused tension in Europe.

·        Empire-building (ex. Scramble for Africa) caused many small conflicts around the world. This created many rivalries among European countries.

·        Alliances (originally set-up to prevent war) meant that any major political disputes would lead to a large (rather than a small) conflict.

·        Nationalism caused WW1 since people across the world wanted to show the rest of the world how strong & important their country was. Many people thought that their country was the best, and thought that they'd be able to win a war very easily if there was one.

·        The "Spark" that started the war: The heir the the Austrian throne (Archduke Franz Ferdinand) was assassinated murdered by Serbian nationalists. When Serbia and Austria-Hungary started fighting, all the alliances kicked-in and the war quickly escalated into WW1.

The Effects of World War 1 (some of them):

·        The Russian Revolution in 1917 happened because the lower class in Russia was tired of how the Czar was running the country.  They overthrew him and brought communism to Russia, making way for the Soviet Union.

·        The Treaty of Versailles was written & signed, and many people blame the ToV for WW2.

·        Much of Europe became economically depressed, especially Germany, which led to the popularity of the Nazi Party.

·        Many colonies started to desire and fight for independence.

 


September 29-30th
 
TEST Tuesday!  This will be over everything we have learned this year!  Please use your study guide, Interactive Notebooks, and "packets".
click on the study guide for the correct answers:


September 19-23
Our newest unit of study is over RELIGIONS and LANUGAGES of Europe.
Please review the Interactive Notebooks and notes!  Quiz on Friday.


September 12-16
We will have a test on THURSDAY!
Study Climate, Location,  & Natural Resources for Europe


See PowerPoint Called "Location, Climate Natural Resources" entered in on 9/14
September 6-9
We are now studying Italy and Germany!
Please be able to name the climate, natural resources and location of these countries!
We will have a quick quiz (check for understanding) on Friday!



August 29-September 2

Tests from Friday were graded and returned Monday!
Pep Rally is Tuesday.
We are learning about Russia, the UK (this week), Germany and Italy (next week) and how their LOCATION, CLIMATE, and NATURAL RESOURCES affect how people live.

August 22-26

We have finished (and taken a quick test) over the 7 continents and 5 oceans.  Our next test will include PHYSICAL and POLITICAL features of EUROPE.  We are also delving into Europes Environmental problems.  

Our next test will be THIS Friday! 

Please study using your notes and Interactive Notebook.


August 15-19
We are currently learning about the physical and political features of EUROPE.  
Our first test is WEDNESDAY, August 17th. 
August 8-12
We are currently working on the Themes of Geography.
Look over the 7 Continents and the 5 Oceans.  We will have a quiz soon!
Also, please have the SYLLABUS signed and returned.

Welcome to the 2016-2017 School Year!
We will start the year off on Thursday, August 4
Please check back each week to find out what we are learning and what is due :)
LAST WEEK OF SCHOOL! 
YAAAAAAAAAAAAAAY
Kids can bring their device (to my class) on Wednesday

May 8-13th
We will work on a class project that will count as a test grade :)
SCHOOL IS ALMOST OUT FOR SUMMER VACATION!  YAAAAAAAAAAAAAAY 

May 2-May 6th

Test Thursday over Personal Finance

April 18-22 
Georgia Milestones

Some questions to review this week:

1. What country was the leader of the Warsaw Pact? Soviet Union

2 . When was the Cold War? After World War II

3 .  The Treaty of Versailles was signed at the end of World War I.  One part of the Treaty required Germany to pay for all war damages.  Having to make these payments was a factor that caused the rise of Hitler and eventually led to the start of World War II. What BEST explains the connection between making damage payments and the rise of Hitler? Having to make these payments angered the Germans and ruined the economy, which made it easier for Hitler to come to power.

4.  From the end of World War II until the late 1980’s, what region did the Soviet Union control?

Eastern Europe or Eastern Bloc

5. In Europe, World War II officially began in September 1939.  Which event caused France and Great Britain to enter the war? Germany attacked Poland.

6. Russia, France, Great Britain and Germany all fought in World War I and World War II.   Which of these nations was NOT victorious in either war? Germany

 7.  What is Communism? The belief in common work and common benefits

8.  The Nazi party was not connected to communism.  How do we know? German was not concerned about communism or rich and poor. Their goal was the make Germany powerful again.

9.  What was the Holocaust? The genocide of six million Jews in Europe during WWII

10. After World War II, which two countries became known as “superpowers”? United States and Soviet Union

11.  What was the metaphor used to describe the division between Eastern Europe and the West?  iron curtain

12. Put the following events in the order in which they happened.  3, 1, 2, 4

1.  Hitler was named chancellor of Germany

2.  Germany invaded Poland

3.  Germans were unhappy because of high unemployment and poverty.

4.  France and Great Britain declared war on Germany

 

13.  What marked the end of the Cold War? The Berlin Wall was torn down

14.  What country’s unification led to the collapse of the Soviet Union?Germany

15.  During the Cold War, the United States joined which alliance in order to protect Western Europe? NATO

16 .  What is genocide? The systematic destruction of a race of people.

17.  What BEST explains the sentences below?

Hitler promised to rebuild Germany’s military

The Treaty of Versailles angered Germans

Hitler said he would get back Germany’s lost land

 

Reasons why Hitler and the Nazis came to power in Germany

 

 

1.    D-Day invasion of German-hold France

2.    Germany conquers France.

3.    Germany attacks the Soviet Union.

4.    Germany marches into Austria.

 

18. Put these events in order.  4, 2, 1, 3

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

19. What was Winston Churchill describing in 1946 when he used the metaphor, “iron curtain”?

 Europe is divided in half with communist east and noncommunist west

20. What happened the spring of 1945 during WWII? The Soviet army from the east met with the US army from the west in the middle of Germany.

21. What is the most important reason for Hitler’s rise to power? The rise of Hitler was made possible by rising unemployment

22. Describe the actions of Hungary in spring of 1989? Hungary decided to open its border to Austria

23.  From 1945 to 1990, the US and the Soviet Union never fought a war.   Why not? Both sides had such huge weapons that they were each afraid of starting a war with the other. 

 


April 11-April 15
We are reviewing ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS of the countries that we have studied as well as EUROPEAN HISTORY.
Please review with your child each and every day!
I will be giving quizzes and assignments throughout the week.

April 4-April 8th
For the next 2-3 weeks we will be reviewing HARD!  
Geography Test (all review...no new material) is Tuesday.
I will be testing and remediating every day in order to prepare for the Milestones.
Questions to ask your kids:
What physical features influence trade in Italy?
What river runs through Europe? Germany?
What mountains divide Spain from France?
Italy from the rest of Europe?
MOVED TEST TO TUESDAY

March 14-18
We will have a QUIZ on Tuesday and a TEST on Friday!  Please study!

Quiz:  geography, climate, resources, environmental issues and government!
Test: all the above PLUS economy and history


March 7-11

We are studying Canada.  The "physical features" and "environmental issues" will be covered Monday and Tuesday. Wednesday, we will study Canada's government.

Thursday, I will be out due to a meeting at the central office.  Friday, we will continue our study of Canada :)

Students need scissors, markers/crayons, and glue this week!

February 29-March 4th

TUESDAY: TEST over Latin American Government
Study the chart, your quiz and the packet! 

EXCELLENT WEBSITE TO HELP WITH GOVERNMENT:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/find_out/guides/world/united_nations/types_of_government/newsid_2151000/2151593.stm

February 17-19

This week we are beginning a WEBQUEST using our new Chromebooks!  The Webquest will be over Latin American governments (which is pretty difficult). 

Once we have notes over Latin America's governmental systems, please start studying!  These are not easy!

Next week: Economics!


February 8th-12
TEST FRIDAY
Work on ALL Study Island assignments for the week.

Here is a chart that may help you study!

Event

Time

Where

Description     of the Event

Results

( Consequences)

Atlantic Slave Trade (Triangular Trade )

1500’sto 1800’s

Across the Atlantic Ocean-

trade between  the Americas, Europe and Africa.

 

 

Slaves were brought to work in the Americas, goods like sugarcane were traded.

Many people in Latin America today are of African descent.

Plantation owners became wealthy and powerful.

Haitian Independence

Movement

(LOuverture)

 

 

 

 

1794

Saint Domingue: A French colony in the Caribbean

The slaves of the colony revolt, and take control. They rename the island Haiti.

-Other European countries want to control Haiti and it’s rich sugarcane farms.

-France loses its richest colony.

 

Mexican Independence Movement

(Hidalgo)

 

 

 

 

1810-

1821

Mexico:

A  Spanish colony in North America.

A priest ,Miguel Hidalgo, calls the people to revolt in his Cry of Dolores. The people are tired of Spanish rule and heavy taxes.

-Mexico becomes an independent nation.

-Spain’s power and wealth is weakened.

South American Independence Movement

(Bolivar)

 

 

1810-1820’s

South American continent:

Much of the continent is controlled by Spain.

Most of South America fights for independence from the Spanish empire.

-Spain’s power and wealth is weakened.

-Many new countries are formed in South America.

Cuban Revolution

 

 

 

 

 

1959

Island of Cuba in the Caribbean

Fidel  Castro led the poor people of Cuba to replace their government with a communist  society.

-All ties to the United States are cut off.

-U.S. embargo against Cuba

-U.S. accepts Cuban refugees

-Cuba becomes an ally of the Soviet union during the Cold War.

 

 

Zapatista Movement

 

 

 

1994

Country of Mexico; in the southern state of Chiapas.

The poor, indigenous farmers believed that due to NAFTA, cheap corn prices would destroy the economy.

-Several political reforms were put in place to improve the lives

of Native Americans- better housing , education, land division, and representation in the legislature.


February 1st-5th

We are continuing our study of the HISTORY of Latin America.

We are also working on a Google Classroom assignment (reading 3 articles...password is desktop) and STUDY ISLAND.

The Study Island components are due THIS FRIDAY (please see the lavender sheet with dates)

 

January 25-29

Homework assignment:

Tuesday and Friday

TEST Wednesday!  

The test will cover the physical and political features of Latin America.  Please look over BOTH reading packets and your interactive notebook.


January 19-22

We are learning about Mexico, Venezuela, Cuba, and Brazil.

We are comparing and contrasting the 4 countries and taking lots of notes!  Test will be next week! 


January 11-15th

Test over Latin America physical and political features on WEDNESDAY

great place to wander around and study:

http://lisawilliamssocialstudiesclass.weebly.com/unit-6-geography-of-caribbean-and-latin-america.html

We are studying the physical (mountains, rivers, oceans, etc) and political features of Latin America this week.  We are also studying the ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES (problems).  Please look over your Interactive Notebook every night!


2016 is here!

January 6-8th, 2016

This week, we will begin learning about Latin America.  

Students will be placing a geographical map of Latin America inside their Interactive Notebook.  Please STUDY it each night this week.


IT IS THE LAST WEEK BEFORE CHRISTMAS BREAK

December 14-18

We are currently studying Australia and Economics!  

We will have a quiz on Wednesday...so, please STUDY!

Students need $1 for the TEAM Christmas party and $2 for the Connections Party


November 30-December 4th

This week we are continuing our study of economics, gross domestic product, and entrepreneurship.  

We are also beginning to start a new unit on Australia!

students will need:

colored pencils or crayons

glue

scissors

and 

NOTE-CARDS!

THERE WILL BE A MID-TERM CHECK FOR UNDERSTANDING ON FRIDAY!


November 16-20th

TEST MOVED TO FRIDAY 

This week, we are continuing our study of European Government.  The students have A LOT of notes inside their Interactive Notebooks as well as other study materials (the CRCT/Milestones workbook was grades and returned on Monday). 

THIS UNIT IS VERY HARD!  The students need to study each night this week!  They were given a study guide to complete on Friday, November 13th

TEST THURSDAY!


November 9th-13th

We are beginning a new unit of study: GOVERNMENT

Our new terms are:

Unitary

Confederation

Federation

Oligarchy

Autocracy

Democracy

PLEASE review these each night!  Look inside your Interactive Notebook and review!

 

Two videos that might help are:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SL6eGwP0JTg&list=LLdIHpv-OeayCKoVJsKktmew

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SL6eGwP0JTg&list=LLdIHpv-OeayCKoVJsKktmew&index=1

 

The test for this unit will be 

Thursday, November 19


November 2-6

This week:

We are finishing up the Cold War (Study Guides went home on Friday)

Thursday is the test (we had to back it up a few days due to several unforeseen events)

The test will cover everything on the study guide J

October 26 – October 30

We have been studying WW1 and WW2.  Students have made 2 sets of notecards (one set MAY be on notebook paper) and have notes inside their Interactive Notebooks.  Please be sure to STUDY!

TEST FRIDAY 


October 19-23

This week is RED RIBBON WEEK! Red Ribbon Week is a nationally-celebrated drug and alcohol prevention campaign. The events will be as follows:

 

Wed. Oct 21 - "Sock It Drugs Day" - Students and Staff wear crazy socks. The morning news will show a presentation on history of RRW.

 

Thu. Oct 22 - "Celebrate RRW Day" - Students and Staff dress in red. Red Ribbon Stickers passed out in HR.

 

Fri. Oct 23 - "Vikings LOVE to be Drug Free!- Students and staff wear Vikings spirit gear. RRW pencils passed out in HR.

 

We are studying the World Wide Depression and World War 2.  This will be a brief overview of the major events of WW2. 

******No tests this week BUT PLEASE STUDY YOUR NOTECARDS EACH NIGHT*******

October 13th - October 16th

This week we are finishing our DBQ.  The final copy is due Wednesday, October 14th.  This will count as a test grade.

Students are asked to highlight (in class):

Grabber/Hook sentence in blue

Restated Question somewhere in paragraph in orange: (i.e. “The Treaty of Versailles is thought to have been a major cause of World War Two.”)

Thesis in purple

Baby Thesis of each paragraph in yellow


This week (October 5-9)
We are writing and working on our DBQ term paper

September 28th - October 2nd

This week we are working on a DBQ (Document Based Question).  This will take at least 2 weeks to complete and the result will be several grades and a test grade.

 The kids will have to read PRIMARY sources and pull out evidence to answer tough questions!  

The DBQ Project promotes rigorous reading and writing instruction for all students!  The overall concept concerns the Treaty of Versailles, so if you want to do some outside of school research, google it or check out the following websites: 



Cool World War One from an English perspective site:  
http://www.bbc.com/ww1

Khan Academy   https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/history/euro-hist/ww1-aftermath/v/paris-peace-conference-and-treaty-of-versailles

The question at hand is “Did the Treaty of Versailles Cause World War 2”.  The students will have a packet that they must keep up with for the 2 weeks.  We will discuss several PRIMARY SOURCES/documents and analyze them.  It sounds boring but it is super interesting!

PEP RALLY is Thursday!

No homework or tests this week

September 21 – September 25

Tuesday Study Guide is due

Wednesday TEST (pushed it back a day so we can review a bit more)

 

SATURDAY= MOVIE NIGHT!

9/14th - 9/18th

This week we are studying the colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom.

We will also discuss:

+the Columbian Exchange

Read over notes EVERY day!

Quick QUIZ WEDNESDAY (checking for understanding)

TEST   next  TUESDAY!

September 8-11th 

This week we are studying the causes of European Colonization and European Empires.

 

Please take a moment to look through the Social Studies Interactive Notebooks this week and review all the new material!

 

Tuesday:Interactive Notebook test grade

Wednesday:homework packet (we started this in classthe kids were given at least 40 minutes to get started)

Friday: quick quiz


August 31st-September 4th

We are comparing the UK with Russia and Italy to Germany.  We are filling out “Double Bubbles” and notes Monday and Tuesday.  The students also have a study guide to complete for the test this Friday!

Wednesday:  Reading/answer packet due

Thursday:  Study Guide

Friday; TEST 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

August 24 through 28

Europe’s Environmental Issues

Our main focus revolves around:

Acid Rain in Germany

Air Pollution in the UK

Nuclear Disaster in Chernobyl, Ukraine

Homework due Tuesday, August 25

TEST THURSDAY, August 27th

-------------------------------------------------------------------

August 17-21

We have begun our unit on EUROPE!  

This week our focus will be on map skills, the 5 Themes of Geography and the 8 Themes of Social Studies.  Please check your child’s Interactive Notebook for notes and foldables that will help with studying.

-----------------------------------

The first few days of school, you will need:

A blank composition book

ALL of your paperwork completed and filled out

Friday, August 14 we will have our FIRST 

test over the Continents, Oceans, and 

map skills.

Try this for a little bit of practice:

http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/World_GL.html


Welcome to Beth Baker's 6th Grade Social Studies Page

Europe: Geography, Natural Resources, Culture, Exploration

 

topic

 

notes

Rivers

 

 

Rhine River – flows from the Alps, north through Germany, to the ocean.

Danube River - runs through eleven countries to the Black Sea, providing a transportation link for European trade

What are natural resources?

 

Gifts from nature such as gold, oil, coal, iron ore, fertile foil, etc.

Mountains

 

ALPS,  Pyrenees  and Ural

Do Europeans live in cities or the countryside?

 

Cities

Sea, Ocean

 

 

Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Ocean

Natural resources and economic success

 

Countries with better natural resources often have more successful economies.

Countries:

 

Locate on a Map: Portugal, Russia, United Kingdom, Spain, Ukraine, France, Belgium, Italy, Poland, Germany

Europe Map

 

Why did Prince Henry the Navigator want to send ships south to Africa?

 

 

He wanted a route around Africa to the Asian markets

What did Prince Henry accomplish?

 

 

He developed a school to teach map-making and new sailing techniques

Russian language, alphabet

 

 

Cyrillic

Sacred text (holy book) goes with  which religion

 

 

Torah-Judaism, Christianity-Bible, Islam-Koran

 

What was the purpose of Christopher Columbus first voyage?

 

 

To find a shorter route to Asia

Belief in one supreme being

 

 

 

Monotheism

Romance languages

 

 

 

Spanish, French and Italian

Why are reasons for European exploration?

 

 

3 G’s - GOLD, GLORY AND GOD. The Europeans were trying to expand their territories, gather riches, and spread their religion.

Religion goes with  which founder

 

 

Judaism-Abraham, Christianity-Jesus, Islam-Muhammad

What limits Russia’s use of natural resources?

 

 

The country is big, cold and empty.

Three religions are similar because

 

 

Belief in one god, A divine power created the Universe, the have denomination or sects, Jerusalem is a holy city

Which religion did Prince Henry hope to spread?

 

 

Christianity

Which country led exploration?

 

 

Portugal

Population distribution map:

What does it show?

 

 

How spread-out or clumped-together people are

Religion goes with which supreme being

 

 

Judaism-Yahweh, Christianity-God, Islam-Allah

Peninsulas, what countries

 

 

 

Iberian (Portugal and Spain), Scandinavian (Norway and Sweden)

Religion goes with which festival

 

 

Judaism-Passover, Christianity-Easter, Islam-Ramadan

Religion has most followers in Europe

 

Christianity

 

ą
Beth Baker,
Sep 18, 2015, 11:32 AM