ВКонтакте™Поиск людей по их месту учёбы, увлечениям, персональным данным и месту работы и т.д. Поиск одноклассников и одногруппников. Возможность вступать в группы и создавать группы по интересам, прослушивать музыку и смотреть фильмы онлайн. Возможность создать анкету со своими персональными данными (телефон, увлечения, адрес и пр.).
VKontakte™In August 2008, "VKontakte" acquired the domain vk.com and announced to the international market. By mid-2010, "VKontakte" has been translated into dozens of languages. At the beginning of 2012 social network is completely moved into the international domain name (all came on vkontakte. Ru were redirected to vk.com), and she has a new logo under the abbreviated name - "VK". "VKontakte" was not the first such social network in Russia in the spring of 2006 began work site "Odnoklassniki" with similar functionality. By the time of the opening "VKontakte" users "Schoolmates" have been more than a million people, and subsequently in the press followed closely which of the social networks will take a leading position in Russia. In May 2007, "VKontakte" entered the top ten most visited sites Runet, was registered in July, millions of users, and a year later, as stated by Durov, "VKontakte" has become the most visited site of the Russian Internet segment. In 2009 he walked the site "Odnoklassniki", the growth of user base is slowed by the introduction of a paid registration. As of May 2010 "VKontakte" was the third most visited site in RuNet after "Yandex" and Mail.ru, and the number of registered accounts on it overstepped the mark of 70 million.
A popular Russian social network
Russia's largest social network, founded in 2006 by Paul Durov. Among the top three most visited sites Runet.
The site "VKontakte" (vkontakte.ru™, vk.com™) was founded by a graduate of Faculty of Philology, St. Petersburg State University, Paul Durov in 2006 along with his older brother, Nicholas (an expert in the field of mathematics and programming) and the development team. It was not the first project Durova, one of his first site was a repository durov.com training materials for the humanities St. Petersburg State University, and founded in 2004 spbgu.ru - a forum for communication students. According to Paul Durova, he did not like that at such student forums, users are hiding behind pseudonyms and do not want to specify their real names, as well as other information such as universities and departments, where they learn. The basis of the new student portal, where users needed to specify their actual names and place of "avatars" to use a real photo was taken the U.S. social networking site Facebook, which did not have an interface in Russian. In September 2006, began the closed beta testing of a social network, which was originally planned to call "student.ru", but later decided to make a more versatile, designed to communicate not only to current and former students, classmates, and students, colleagues and neighbors, and just friends. October 1, 2006 was the domain registered vkontakte.ru, a month later opened a free registration. By the end of 2006 social network has acquired the basic demand functions, including searching for old friends and classmates, user groups, private messaging system and photo albums. To attract new users to the site creators have announced the contest winners based on which media players were given iPod.
"VKontakte" free user registration canceled in February 2011. To combat the ad "bots" to create new accounts is made possible by invitation only from the already registered users. However, this measure was the time in July of that year again became a free registration.
Despite its popularity, "VKontakte" never became the winner of casual games. In 2007 the site won second place in the popular vote of this award. In January 2010 a network of "VKontakte" won the prize of Google "Trend 2009". One of the differences "VKontakte" from many other social networks before 2008 was a complete lack of advertising. Duras has repeatedly stated that it is not against the existence of sites for the sake of advertising. However, this has not stopped in July 2008 to introduce advertising after concluding a contract with the advertising company "Media Plus". "VKontakte" continually expanding its functionality. Back in 2007 started hosting video "In the screen", users are asked to raise their search ranking and other people's accounts paid by sms-messages. In 2008 "VKontakte" opened his own employment agency "VShtate.ru." In April 2010, "VKontakte" announced the creation of its own payment system, e-mail and Open API, which will allow developers of third-party resources to authenticate users of social networks on their websites and with their consent to access their personal information, including photographs and videos. In February 2007 Durov wrote that sell "VKontakte" he was offered two Russian and one Australian investor, but he refused these offers. Originally a social network run by a company "VKontakte", registered in St. Petersburg, January 19, 2007, official information about the company owners and funding sources have not been published. According to the newspaper "Vedomosti", Paul Durova originally belonged to a 20 percent stake of the company, Vyacheslav Mirilashvili - 60 percent, his father, Mikhail Mirilashvili - 10 percent, while the remaining 10 percent - Lev Leviev. In March 2008, "Vedomosti" published revised data, according to which, in January 2008 of "VKontakte" completely controlled by a British Virgin Islands company Doraview Limited. The main investor-owned resource, named Yuri Milner and Gregory Finger company Digital Sky Technologies (DST), which controlled the project "Odnoklassniki" mail service Mail.ru, ICQ messenger, and several other sites. According to the coordinator of public relations "VKontakte" Michael Ravdonikas, DST was the largest investor of the project (a figure of 30 per cent of the shares). In August 2011, according to the newspaper "Vedomosti", a family owned Mirilashvili is only 40 percent of the company's 39.99 per cent of social network, the company has received Mail.ru Group, in Paul Durova there were only 12 and have Levieva - 8 percent of the shares "VKontakte ". In early 2012 Durov declared that "VKontakte" prepares to enter the stock market, but in May 2012, after a failed IPO Facebook, those plans were postponed indefinitely. In the same month appeared in the press attention that instead of outputting to the exchange of shares "VKontakte" agreement was reached on the sale of additional shares in favor of Mail.ru Group. By the time one hundred percent of the shares of "VKontakte" belonged to the Cypriot company VK.Com Holdings Ltd (or VK.Com Ltd). Financial performance of "VKontakte" also kept a secret. According to some reports, quarterly profit could reach $ 4.5 million. According to "Vedomosti" revenue "VKontakte" in 2009 amounted to 1.094 billion rubles (34.5 million) and net profit - 369.3 million rubles (11.6 million dollars). The Internet is often heard statement that "VKontakte" is a Russified version of Facebook, which has completely copied the design of Durov and even programmatic basis. Appeared assumption that Facebook will submit a claim against the "VKontakte" after its release into the Russian market in the summer of 2008, but this did not happen. Sam Durov plagiarism allegations are categorically rejected, claiming that 80 percent of the site code written by himself. The press service of "VKontakte" said that social networking is working closely with Facebook. The press wrote that in "VKontakte" a large number of fake accounts, and many are using this social network not only for communication, how to find personal information of interest to people. Among other things, "VKontakte" was criticized for being unable to remove shared photos and profiles, the press service of the social network announced that it is necessary to protect against hacking and anti-fragmentation of the disk. Also, users have complained to steal passwords from user accounts, spam and sms-fraud. The press has talked a lot of rumors that "VKontakte" funded or controlled by the FSB and control "to" the Interior Ministry. The press service of the social network of cooperation with law enforcement authorities did not deny. According to some reports, that thanks to access to the correspondence in the "VKontakte" and other social networks Eugenia Khasis and Nikita Tikhonov investigators in 2009 to charge them with murder of lawyer Stanislav Markelov and journalist Anastasia Baburova. In December 2011 at the height of protests against alleged fraud in the next elections to the State Duma Durov in your account on Twitter has published a letter from the FSB in the city of St. Petersburg c requirement to close a number of opposition community resource "VKontakte". FSB Guidelines have not been met, while at the same time accounts have been blocked for some users, who called these groups "to violence, riots and revolutions." According to Durova, his team focused on the "demand for the free communication" and is not supported neither the authorities nor the opposition. Also, "VKontakte" actively used the staff of the Federal Service of Court Bailiffs. For example, the press reported that employees of this department was invited to a "VKontakte" on a date to collect from debtors and their debts. In 2009, the Head of the Main organizational-mobilization directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Federation Vasily Smirnov said that military enlistment offices will be looking for people evading military service by "VKontakte" and "Odnoklassnikov.ru." A major criticism of service "VKontakte" was subjected to a lot of posting pornography, including child. In early 2010, anti-virus "Dr. Web" made "VKontakte" the black list of its parent control. According to the company Entensys, in Russia and other CIS countries, the share of "VKontakte" and other social networks accounted for 20 percent of all Internet traffic from office workers with workplace Internet access, which is why many employers have cut off access to social networks. It is noteworthy that "VKontakte" called one of the biggest stores in Russia pirated audio and video files, which does not share revenue with copyright holders. In 2008, the Russian State TV and Radio Company (RTR) has filed two lawsuits against the social networking site, demanding compensation for the downloaded films "Piranha" and "The Island". In April 2010 the Arbitration Court of the City of St. Petersburg and Leningrad region RTR refused to meet the first claim, but on 19 July of that year the Court of Appeal of Saint-Petersburg overturned this decision and requested to collect from the "VKontakte" one million rubles. In October 2010, the Federal Arbitration Court of the North-West Federal District, sided with the "VKontakte" and the decision of the Court of Appeal quashed the Saint-Petersburg. It is noteworthy that the other claims to the social network up to that time did not show, and Durov stated that all the pirated files are removed on the first request of the owner. Also, the site is all removed the extremist material that attracted the attention of the prosecutor's office: so in 2009 has been removed custom group of supporters earlier banned National Bolshevik Party (NBP). In 2011, the press reported that "VKontakte" gave holders IP-addresses of users who are placed in a social network pirated content. Nevertheless, in early 2012, the International Intellectual Property Alliance (IIPA) has included "VKontakte" in the list of the largest distributors of pirated music - the report was sent to the management of the U.S. Trade Representative, and could adversely affect trade between Russia and the United States. In January 2012 the Arbitration Court of Saint-Petersburg and Leningrad region partially satisfied the claim of the two companies of Gala Records for "VKontakte". For violation of their rights to the song the singer Maksim (Abrosimova Marina) and the musical group "Infinity" social network was fined 220,000 rubles. On April 1 "VKontakte" conducted several "rebranding" of the site. For example, in 2008 instead of the logo came the hammer and sickle, and the name of the social network was changed to "The Union". In 2010 April 1, the modern spelling of the Russian language in the interface has been changed to pre-revolutionary. After the end of April 1, users can keep the "holiday" in the design of the settings.