Geology

All Geology Sites

The Earth - Inside Out

Learn about the Earth's crust, mantel, and core.

The Earth's Layers

Discover the layers of the Earth.

Kids Geo

Learn about Earth's surface, atmosphere, and people.

Kids Geology - Landforms

Geologic Tour

Take a grand tour of the national parks' geology.

Landforms and Definitions List

List of landforms and the definition by World Landforms.

Landform Vocabulary A to F

Use this list of landform vocabulary words to help you with all of your geography and topography needs.

Scientists Who Study Rocks

Geology is the study of rocks and geologists are the people who study them!

Enchanted Learning: Inside the Earth

Enchanted Learning displays the layers of the Earth and the importance of each one.

Archipelago

The Hawaiian Archipelago

Ni`ihau, Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lanai, Kaho`olawe, Maui, and Hawai`i are the main inhabited islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago.

Basin

National Geographic Basin

A basin is a depression, or dip, in the Earth’s surface.

Canyon

8 Facts About the Grand Canyon You Never Knew

Here are the facts about the Grand Canyon you probably didn't know.

12 Most Beautiful Canyons of the Worlds

Canyons or gorges are found all over the world.

Discovery Education - Valleys and Canyons

Login to Discovery Education and watch this short video.

National Geographic Canyon

Encyclopedic entry. A canyon is a deep, narrow valley with steep sides.

What is a Canyon Landform?

The striking features of a canyon are very steep cliffs and deep valleys.

Delta


Discovery Education - The Mississippi Delta

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EBSCO eBooks - Earth's Rivers

Login to EBSCO and read this short book.

Kids Geology - River Delta

A delta forms when a river drops sediment into slower moving water.

National Geographic Delta

Deltas are wetlands that form as rivers empty their water and sediment into another body of water, such as an ocean, lake, or another river.

River Delta Facts for Kids

River deltas can be found around the world and on other planets. Take a look at the pictures.

World Landforms - River Delta

River deltas have two main characteristics. Find out what they are at this site.

Desert

DesertUSA - Desert Life

Deserts cover more than one fifth of the Earth's land, and they are found on every continent.

Desert

Information on deserts: what they are, where they are located, and the plants and animals which live in them.

Dunes

Discovery Education - Sandy Beach Zones: Dunes

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DK Findout! How are Sand Dunes Formed

Read about the different types of dunes.

Sand Dunes

Phenomena of the Wind! Discover how sand dunes form.

One Kids Geology Dunes

Wind blows sand into ripples and dunes. Check out the pictures of a sand dune forming.

National Geographic Dune

Encyclopedic entry. Learn about the shapes of dunes and how they form.

Glaciers

Discovery Education - Glaciers

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EBSCO eBooks - Glaciers

Login to EBSCO and read this short book.

Glaciers and Icecaps: Storehouses of Freshwater

The USGS Water Science School describes glaciers and icecaps.

Glacier Physics

Find animations and movies revealing how a glacier forms, moves, retreats, and in the case of tidewater glaciers, calves. Images of glaciers are also available.

Icefields and Glaciers

Glaciers, of all our alpine landforms, have had more visual impact on our landscape than any erosional agent, save water.

Island

Matagorda Island

Matagorda Island, located on the mid-Texas coast in Calhoun County, is about 38 miles long and averages Matagorda Island is very important in United States and Texas history. It is also important about 1 1/2 miles in width.

Patterns in Nature: Island Aerials

View photos from National Geographic of islands.

Shorelines

Shorelines are where oceans and seas meet land.

Lake

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes--Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario--and their connecting channels form the largest fresh surface water system on Earth.

Great Salt Lake, Utah

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has measured the elevation of Great Salt Lake since 1875 and conducted many studies on the hydrology, salinity, water quality, and ecology of the lake.

Ponds and Lakes

A lake is a large body of fresh water.

USGS Lakes and Reservoirs

A lake really is just another component of Earth's surface water.

World Lakes Map Quiz

Take a quiz to see how much you know about lakes.

Mesa

Discovery Education - Plateaus, Mesas, and Buttes

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Mesa and Butte

Do you know the difference between a mesa and a butte? Did you know they can be found on Earth and on Mars?

Mesa Verde Geology

Mesa Verde National Park is located on a mesa or "green table." Discover the alcoves under the mesa where people built their homes.

Discovery Education - Mesa Verde National Park

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National Geographic - Mesa

Encyclopedic Entry. A mesa is a flat-topped mountain or hill.

Wonderopolis - What is a Mesa?

Discover the difference between a mesa and a butte.

Mountain

Britannica Kids: Mountain

A mountain is a landform that rises high above its surroundings.

Mountain Types

View animations of different mountain types.

Rocky Mountains

The Rockies form a majestic mountain barrier that stretches from Canada through central New Mexico.

Peninsula

National Geographic: Peninsula

A peninsula is a piece of land that is almost entirely surrounded by water but is connected to the mainland on one side.

Plateau

National Geographic: Plateau

A plateau is a flat, elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side.

Science Clarified: Plateau

Plateaus, known variously as tablelands or flat-topped mountains, are regions elevated thousands of feet above their surroundings.

What is a Plateau? - Definition, Lesson & Quiz

Learn about the landform version of flat things in this lesson.

River

OneGeologyKids: Rivers

The water in rivers comes from many different sources.

Rivers and Streams

A vast web of rivers and streams that channel water across the planet, from mountains to oceans, appear on our Earth.

Rivers Seen from Space

A survey of satellite and aerial views from NASA includes numerous pictures of the Nile, Amazon, Mississippi, and other major river systems.

Strait

National Geographic: Strait

A strait is a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water.

Valley

National Geographic: Valley

Learn interesting facts about landforms with this interactive media article for kids.

Valley

A valley is a hollow or surface depression of the earth bounded by hills or mountains, a natural trough in the earth's surface, that slopes down to a stream, lake or the ocean, formed by water and/or ice erosion.

Volcano

LISD Volcano Sites