Negative Effects

Negative Effects of Insufficient Sleep listed by 
the American Journal of Pediatrics

Sleeping in Study Hall

  • Increased obesity
  • Metabolic dysfunction
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Increased cardiovascular morbidity
  • Hypertension
  • Risk of stroke
  • Increased rates of motor vehicle crashes
  • Higher rates of caffeine consumption
  • Increased risk of toxicity/overuse of caffeine
  • Nonmedical use of stimulants
  • Lower levels of physical activity
  • Increased risk for anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation
  • Poor impulse control and regulation
  • Increased risk taking behaviors
  • Emotional dysregulation
  • Decreased positive affect
  • Impaired interpretation of social/emotional cues in self and others
  • Decreased motivation
  • Increased vulnerability to stress
  • Cognitive deficits, especially more complex tasks
  • Impairment in executive function (working memory, organization, time management, sustained effort)
  • Impairments in attention and memory
  • Deficits in abstract thinking, verbal creativity
  • Decreased performance efficiency and output
  • Lower academic achievement
  • Poor school attendance
  • Increased dropout rate
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