Introduction:

The one thing that we have learned about student achievement is that effective teaching is the one thing we can control that has an impact. This books encompasses 30 years of research about what moves students in their learning. Formative assessment plays an important role in increasing teacher quality and student learning when it’s viewed as a process rather than a tool. Emphasizing the instructional side of formative assessment, this book explores in depth the use of classroom questioning, learning intentions and success criteria, feedback, collaborative and cooperative learning, and self-regulated learning to engineer effective learning environments for students. 


Effective classroom formative assessment helps educators make minute-by-minute, day-by-day instructional decisions. This clear, practical guide for teachers centers on five key instructional strategies, along with an overview of each strategy and practical formative assessment techniques for implementing it in K-12 classrooms:


  • Clarifying, sharing, and understanding learning intentions and success criteria
  • Engineering productive discussion and activities that elicit evidence of learning
  • Providing feedback that moves learners forward
  • Activating students as learning resources for each other
  • Activating students as owners of their own learning
The authors provide guidance on when and how to use the specific techniques, along with tips, cautions, and enhancements to sustain formative assessment.