Weather Station

Climate Science in the Classroom 

Incorporating climate science into a classroom is a fun and enriching way to heighten students’ awareness of the natural world around them. Weather stations are compact and versatile and are an excellent tool for teaching children about weather patterns and data collection. Because of their design, they are easy to install anywhere on a school’s campus, and are an especially great addition to a school garden. To assemble your own weather station, and incorporate climate science into your curriculum, check out the resources below.


Assembling the weather stations

For this project, we used recycled fence board for our cardinal direction signs and a repurposed 2x4 post to mount the materials, but any quality of wood will do.


 4 boards measuring approximately 3” x 15” x 0.5”

1 2x4 post measuring approximately 6 feet in height

2 cans of weather-resistant outdoor paint (we recommend a glossy white)

1 pint of dark-colored, weather-resistant paint (we used black)

1 bag of quick concrete

1 2-foot piece of ½” PVC pipe

1 8.5x11 brochure display case

1 minimum/maximum thermometer

1 weather-resistant windsock

1 mountable rain gauge


Recommended Tools 

Electric drill

Posthole digger



Carpenter’s square



Small step ladder



If necessary, sand the 4 boards in preparation for painting. Completely cover both sides of the boards with the white outdoor spray paint--it is recommended that you apply multiple coats of paint and that you allow the boards to dry in between coats. When the boards have completely dried after the last coat of paint’s application, use the dark-colored, weather-resistant paint to write in large, bold letters the cardinal directions (north, south, east, and west) on both sides of the boards.

Using a posthole digger or shovel, dig a hole approximately 2 feet deep and 1 foot wide to set the post in. Center the post in the hole and pour dry concrete mix around the post, filling the hole about halfway. Add water and mix the concrete directly in the hole. Once the first layer of concrete has been mixed with water, add the remainder of the dry concrete until the hole is filled, ensuring the post is still centered. Add water and mix the concrete directly in the hole again. Using a level, ensure the post is straight and centered in the concrete. You can allow the concrete to set overnight, or you can continue assembling the rest of the weather station as the concrete dries, being sure to check one more time that the pole is straight and centered with a level before leaving the finished weather station to finish setting.


            Attach the windsock to the top of the ½” PVC pipe and mount the PVC pipe to the top of the post. With a carpenter’s square, a level, and a compass, mount the cardinal direction signs a few inches from the top of the post. Below the cardinal direction signs, mount the minimum/maximum thermometer, the rain gauge, and the brochure display case at the proper height for the student demographic you will be working with. Finally, if the concrete is still wet, check that the post is straight and centered with a level before finishing.


Weather Station Resources

 Simple cloud identification handout

 Weather station data collection handout