Bernoulli's Equation: Interactive Simulation
This simulation was prepared using MathematicaDownload the free CDF player, and then download the simulation CDF file (link given below or click on figure to download). Try to predict the behavior when a parameter changes before using a slider to change that parameter. 

Simulation: Flow through a Constriction in a Pipe

Using Bernoulli's equation, determine how the density, pressures, diameters, and distance between the two areas affect the velocities in a vertical pipe with a constriction.


Try to answer these questions before determining the answer with the simulation:

  1. When the diameter at the top of the pipe increases with constant velocity, does the velocity in the constriction increase or decrease?
  2. What happens to the velocities when the fluid density increases? When the fluid density decreases?
  3. What happens to the velocities when the distance between the two areas increases?  When the distance decreases?