Abernathy, W. J. & Clark, K. B. (1985). Innovation: Mapping the winds of creative destruction. Research Policy, 14, 3-22.

Abrahamson, C. E.  (1998). Issues in interactive communication in distance education. College Student Journal, 32(1): 33 – 43.

Ackrill, J. L. (1981). Aristotle the philosopher. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

act. (n.d.). Unabridged. Retrieved from

Adams, D., R. R., Nelson & P. Todd. (1992). Perceived usefulness, ease of use, and usage of information technology: A replication.  MIS Quarterly.  16(2): 227-248.

Adams, W. M. (2006). The future of sustainability: Re-thinking environment and development in the twenty-first century. Report of the IUCN Renowned Thinkers Meeting, 29-31 January 2006. The World Conservation Union. Retrieved from

Ahlfeldt, S., Mehta, S., & Sellnow, T. (2005, February). Measurement and analysis of student engagement in university classes where varying levels of PBL methods of instruction are in use. Higher Education Research and Development, 24 (1), 5-20. Retrieved from,%20S.,%20Mehta,%20S.,%20Sellnow,%20T.%20(February,%202005).%20Measurement%20and%20analysis%20of%20student%20engagement.pdf

Ahmad, S. (1991) Capital in economic theory: Neoclassical cambridge and chaos. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.

Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In J. Kuhl & J. Beckmann (Eds.), Action control: From cognition to behavior. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 50, 179-211.

Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. 

Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Alchian, A. A., & Demsetz, H. (1972). Production, information costs, and economic organization. American Economic Review, 62(5), 777-795.

Alvesson, M., and Kärreman, D. (2001) Odd couple: Making sense of the curious concept of knowledge management. Journal of Management Studies, November 2001, 38(7): 995-1018.

Amin, A. & Thrift, N. (1995). Globalization, institutional ‘thickness’ and the local economy. In P. Healy, S. Cameron, S. Davoudi, S Graham, & A. Madani-Pour (Eds.), Managing Cities: The New Urban Context (pp. 91- 108). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Amin, A. (1994). Post-fordism: A reader. Oxford, UK, and Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Anderson, C. (2008). The long tail: Why the future of business is selling less of more (Rev. ed.). New York, NY: Hyperion.

Anderson, F. (1942). The relational theory of mind. The Journal of Philosophy, 39(10), 253-260.

Angela, G. R. (2005). The lyceum and public culture in the nineteenth century United States. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.

Angelo, T. A. and Cross, K. P. (1993). Classroom assessment techniques: A handbook for college teachers (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass

Arampatzis, G.; Kiranoudis, C.T., Scaloubacas, P., & Assimacopoulos, D. (2004). A GIS-based decision support system for planning urban transportation policies. European Journal of Operational Research, 152, 465–475.

Arbib, M. A. (1998). Schema theory. In  M. A. Arbib (Ed.), The handbook of brain theory and neural networks, pp. 830 - 834. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Argote, L., McEvily, B., and Reagans, R. (2003) Managing knowledge in organizations: An integrative framework and review of emerging themes. Management Science. April 2003. 49(4): 571-582.

Argyris, C. & Schon, D. (1978). Organizational learning: A theory of action perspective. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Argyris, C. (1999). On organizational learning (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Wiley-Blackwell.

Aristotle. (1935). On the soul (J. A. Smith, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Original work published in 350 BCE) Retrieved from

Arrow, K. J. & Hurwicz, L. (1977). An optimality criterion for decision making under ignorance. In K. J. Arrow & L. Hurwicz (Eds.), Studies in resources allocation processes (pp. 463-474). London, UK, New York, NY, and Melbourne, AU: Cambridge University Press.

Arrow, K. J. (1951). Social choice and individual values. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Arrow, K. J. (1962). The economic implications of learning by doing. The Review of Economic Studies, 29(3), 155-173.

Arrow, K. J. (1970). Social choice and individual values. 3rd ed. New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press.

Arum, R. & Roksa, J. (2011) Academically adrift: Limited learning on college campuses. University of Chicago Press.

Asheim, B. T. (2003). Industrial districts: The contributions of Marshall and beyond. In G. L. Clark, M. S. Gertler, & M. P. Feldman (Eds.), The handbook of economic geography (pp. 413-431). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

assess. (n.d.). Unabridged (v 1.1). Retrieved August 26, 2009, from website:

Astin, A. W. (1991). Assessment for excellence: The philosophy and practice of assessment and evaluation in higher education. American Council on Education. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.

Atkinson , R. D. (2003, October). The innovation economy: A new vision for economic growth in the 21st century. Policy Report. Washington, DC: Progressive Policy Institute. Retrieved May 22, 2010, from

Attewell, P. (1992). Technology diffusion and organizational learning: The case of business computing. Organization Science, 3(2), 1-19.

Audretsch, B. (1998). Agglomeration and the location of innovative activity. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 14(2), pp. 18-29.

^ Back to Top ^


Bagley, W. C. (1937). A century of the universal school. New York, NY: The McMillan Company.

Baldwin, M. W., Keelan, J. P. R., Fehr, B., Enns, V. & Koh-Rangarajoo, E. (1996). Social-cognitive conceptualization of attachment working models: Availability and accessibility effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(1), 94-109.

Bandura, A. (1977). Social learning theory. Alexandria, VA: Prentice Hall.

Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Bandura, A. (1988). Organizational Application of Social Cognitive Theory. Australian Journal of Management, 13(2), 275-302.

Bandura, A. (1989). Human agency in social cognitive theory. American Psychologist, 44: 1175-1184.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: WH Freeman and Company.

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory of mass communications. In J. Bryant, & D. Zillman (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (2nd ed.) (pp. 121-153). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Retrieved May 11, 2009 from

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52: 1-26.

Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (eds.), Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Adolescents, 307–337. Information Age Publishing.

Bandura, A. (2006). Towards a psychology of human agency. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1(2), 164-180.

Bankwerk ERisk. (2008). What is economic capital? SunGard Corporation. Retrieved from

Banta, T. W. (2002a). A call for transformation. In T. W. Banta (Ed.) Building a scholarship of assessment (pp. 284-292). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Banta, T. W. (2002b). Characteristics of effective assessment outcomes: Foundations and examples. In T. W. Banta (Ed.) Building a scholarship of assessment (pp. 261-283). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bargh, J. A. & Ferguson, M. J. (2000, November). Beyond behaviorism: On the automaticity of higher mental processes. Psychological Bulletin, 126(6), 925-945.

Bargh, J. A., & Schul, Y. (1980). On the cognitive benefits of teaching. Journal of Educational Psychology, 72, 593-604.

Barker, R. A.  (2002). On the nature of leadership.  Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Barnett, R. (1990). The idea of higher education. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.

Baron-Cohen, S. (1995). Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Barone, M. (2010). Higher education bubble poised to burst. Washington Examiner, posted September 3, 2010. Retrieved from

Barr, R. B. & Tagg, J. (1995). From teaching to learning: A new paradigm for undergraduate education. Change, 27(6), 12-25.

Barrett, F. J.  & Cooperrider, D. L. (2001). Generative metaphor intervention: A new approach for working with systems divided by conflict and caught in defensive perception. In D. L. Cooperrider, P. F. Sorensen, Jr., T. F. Yaeger, & D. Whitney (Eds.), Appreciative inquiry: An emerging direction for organization development (pp. 147-174). Champaign, IL:  Stipes Publishing. Retrieved from

Baxter, M. B. & King, P. M. (Eds.) (2004). Learning partnerships: Theories and models of practice to educate for self-authorship. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Bechtel, W. & Abrahamsen, A. A. (2002). Connectionism and the mind: parallel processing, dynamics, and evolution in networks (2nd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell.

Becker, G. S. (1964). Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Becker, G. S. (1996). Accounting for tastes. Harvard University Press.

Bedny, G. Z. & Karwowski, W. (2006) A Systemic-Structural Theory of Activity: Applications to Human Performance and Work Design. Boca Raton, CRC Press/Taylor & Francis.

Befu, H. (1977). Social exchange. Annual Review of Anthropology, 6: 225–281.

Belcheir, M. J. (2003). Active learning in and out of the classroom: Results from the National Survey of Student Engagement. (Report No. BSU-RR-2003-02). Boise, ID: Office of Institutional Advancement (ERIC Document Reproduction No. ED480933). Retrieved from,%20M.J.%20%28April,%202003%29.pdf.

Bell, D. (1976). The coming of post-industrial society. New York: Basic Books.

Bennet, D. & Bennet, A. (2008). Engaging tacit knowledge in support of organizational learning. VINE, 38(1), 72-94.

Bennis, W. & Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders: The strategies for taking charge. New York, NY: Harper and Row.

Bennis, W. (1989). On becoming a leader. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Berger, P. L. & Luckmann, T. (1966). The social construction of reality: A treatise in the sociology of knowledge. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.

Berkowitz, S. D. (1982). An introduction to structural analysis: The network approach to social research. Toronto: Butterworth.

Black, S. A., Porter, L. J. (1996) Identification of the critical factors of TQM. Decision Sciences, 27(1), 1-21. Retrieved November 12, 2008 from

Blake, R. & Mouton, J. (1964). The managerial grid: The key to leadership excellence. Houston: Gulf Publishing Co.

Bloom, B. S. & Krathwohl, D. R. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals, by a committee of college and university examiners (Handbook 1: Cognitive domain). New York: Longmans.

Blumer, H. (1969). Symbolic interactionism: Perspective and method. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources. (2002). Community and quality of life: Data needs for informed decision making. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. Retrieved from

Boehnke, M. (2010). State braces for widespread impact of UT system cutbacks. Chattanooga Times Free Press, October 4, 2010, 141(294), pg. A1.

Bohman, J. & Rehg, W. (2009). Jürgen Habermas. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Summer 2009 edition). Stanford University. Retrieved from

Boisot, M. H. (1995). Information Space: A Framework for Learning Organizations, Institutions, and Culture. London, UK: Routledge.

Bok, D. C. (2006). Our underachieving colleges: A candid look at how much students learn and why they should be learning more. Princeton University Press.

Bonwell, C. C. & Eison, J. A. (1991). Active learning: Creating excitement in the classroom. ERIC Digest. Washington, DC: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education. Retrieved from

Boschma, R. & Lambooy, J. (1999). The prospects of an adjustment policy based on collective learning in old industrial regions. GeoJournal. 49(4), 391-399.

Boschma, R. (2005). Proximity and innovation: A critical assessment. Regional Studies, 39(1), 61–74.

Bound, J., Lovenheim, M., & Turner, S. E. (2007). Understanding the decrease in college completion rates and the increased time to the baccalaureate degree. PSC Research Report No. 07-626. November 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from

Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. E. Richardson (Ed.), The handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 241-258). Greenwood Press..

Bowles, S. & Gintis, H. (2011). Schooling in capitalist america: Educational reform and the contradictions of economic life (Reprint edition). Haymarket Books.

Bozeman, B. (1987). All Organizations Are Public: Bridging Public and Private Organization Theories. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Brafman, O. & Beckstrom, R. A. (2006). The starfish and the spider: The unstoppable power of leaderless organizations. New York, NY: Penguin Portfolio.

Brandon, C. (2010) The five-year party: How colleges have given up on educating your child and what you can do about it. BenBella Books.

Bransford, J. D., Brown, A., & Cocking, R. (Eds.) (2000). How people learn: Mind, brain, experience and school (Expanded ed.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Brewer, D. J. & Tierney, W. G. (2011). Barriers to innovation in U.S. higher education. In B. Wildavsky, A. P. Kelly & K. Carey (Eds.), Reinventing higher education: The promise of innovation (pp.11-40). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.

Breznitz, D. and Taylor, M. (2009, October). The communal roots of entrepreneurial-technological growth? Social fragmentation and the economic stagnation of atlanta’s technology cluster (Working paper). Retrieved November 8, 2010, from

Breznitz, S. M. & Feldman, M. P. (2010). The engaged university. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 35(3), 1-19.

Brookfield, S. (1986). Understanding and facilitating adult learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Brown, J. S. & Adler, R. P. (2008). Minds on fire: Open education, the long tail, and learning 2.0. EDUCAUSE Review, 43(1): 16-32.

Brown, J. S. & Duguid, P. (2002). Local knowledge: Innovation in the networked age. Management Learning, 33(4), 427-438.

Brown, J. S., & Duguid, P. (2000). Organizational learning and communities of practice: Toward a unified view of working, learning and innovation. In E.L. Lesser, M.A. Fontaine & J.A. Slusher (Eds.), Knowledge and communities (pp. 99-121). Boston: Butterworth Heinemann.

Brown, J. S., Collins, A., & Duguid, S. (1989). Situated cognition and the culture of learning. Educational Researcher, 18 (1), 32-42. Retrieved from

Bunnell, G. (2002). Making places special: Stories of real places made better by planning. Chicago, IL: APA Planners Press.

Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York, NY: Harper and Row.

Burt, R. S. (1997). The contingent value of social capital. Administrative Science Quarterly. 42, 339-365.

Burt, R. S. (2004). Structural holes and good ideas. American Journal of Sociology. 110(2), 349-399.

Busch, P. (2008). Tacit knowledge in organizational learning. Hershey, PA: IGI Publishing.

^ Back to Top ^


Calhoun, C. (1998, August). Community without propinquity revisited: Communications technology and the transformation of the urban public sphere. Sociological Inquiry, 68(3), 373-397.

Campfens, H. (1997). Introduction to the international study. In H. Campfens (ed.), Community development around the world: practice, theory, research, training (pp. 1-10). Toronto; Buffalo; London: University of Toronto Press.

Campos, M., & Harasim, L. (1999). Virtual-U: Results and challenges of unique field trials. Retrieved from

capable. (n.d.). Unabridged. Retrieved from

Capobianco, R. (2010). Engaging Heidegger. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press.

Carreira, M. J. (2005). New framework of intrinsic/extrinsic and integrative/instrumental motivation in second language acquisition. The Keiai Journal of International Studies, 16: 39-64.

Centers for Disease Control. (1997). Principles of community engagement. CDC/ATSDR Committee on Community Engagement. Public Health Practice Program Office. Retrieved from

Chaiklin, S. (2003) The zone of proximal development in Vygotsky's analysis of learning and instruction. In Kozulin, A., Gindis, B., Ageyev, V. & Miller, S. (Eds.) Vygotsky's educational theory and practice in cultural context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Presents

Chesbrough, H. & Rosenbloom, R. S. (2002). The role of the business model in capturing value from innovation: evidence from Xerox Corporation's technology spinoff companies. Industrial and Corporate Change. 11(3), pp. 529-555

Chesbrough, H. (2006). Open innovation: The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Chi, M. T. H., Siler, S., A., Jeong, H., Yamauchi, T., & Hausamann, R. G. (2001). Learning from human tutoring. Cognitive Science 25(4): 471-533.

Chisholm, R. (1982). Knowledge as justified true belief: The foundations of knowing. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Chomsky, N. (1959). A review of B. F. Skinner’s verbal behavior. Language, 35 (35), 26–58.

Choo, C. W. (1998). The knowing organization: How organizations use information to construct meaning, create knowledge, and make decisions. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Christensen, C. M. & Eyring, H. J. (2011). The innovative university: Changing the DNA of higher education from the inside out. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Christensen, C. M. (2006). The innovator's dilemma: When new technologies cause great firms to fail. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press. (Original work published in 1997)

Christenson, J. A., Fendley, K., & Robinson, J. W., Jr. (1989). Community development. In J. A. Christenson & J. W. Robinson, Jr. (eds.), Community development in perspective (pp. 3-25). Ames, IW: Iowa State University Press..

Chuttur M.Y. (2009). Overview of the technology acceptance model: Origins, developments and future directions. Sprouts: Working Papers on Information Systems, 9(37). Retrieved from

Clark, D. A. (2005). The capability approach: Its development, critiques and recent advances. Economic and Social Research Council. Oxford, UK: Global Poverty Research Group. Retrieved August 30, 2010 from

Coase, R. (1960). The problem of social cost. Journal of Law and Economics, 3 (1), 1–44.

Cobb, N. K. (2002, summer). The new philanthropy: Its impact on funding arts and culture. The Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society. 32(2), pp. 125-143.

Coburn, P. (2006). The change function: Why some technologies take off and others crash and burn. Portfolio.

Cohen, W. M. & Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, Special Issue: Technology, Organizations, and Innovation, 35(1), 128-152.

Coleman, J. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94(Supplement), S95-S120.

Colindres, A, (2009). State universities facing big financial problems because of slow payments. Gatehouse News Service, Posted Nov 24, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from

Collins, J. C. (2001). Good to great: Why some companies make the leap... and others don’t. HarperCollins.

Collins, J. C. (2005). Good to great and the social sectors: A monograph to accompany good to great. HarperCollins

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. (2000). How people learn: Brain, mind, experience, and school (Expanded ed.). National Research Council. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Retrieved from

Common Core State Standards Initiative. (2010). Frequently asked questions. Common core state standards. Washington, DC: National Governors Association Center for Best Practices & the Council of Chief State School Officers. Retrieved from

Community of Inquiry. (2011). CoI model. Community of Inquiry (website). Retrieved from

community. (n.d.). unabridged (v 1.1). Retrieved from

Comte, A. (2000). Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte, Volume III. (Harriet Martineau, trans.) Bartoche Books. Retrieved from Original published in 1896.

connection (n.d.). Princeton Wordnet. Retrieved from

Constandse, R. (n.d.). Writing a compelling vision statement. Time Thoughts, Goal Setting. Retrieved from

Contractor, N. S. and Monge, P. R. (2002). Managing knowledge networks. Management Communication Quarterly, 16(2), 249-258.

Cook, S. D. N. & Yanow, D. (1996). Culture and organizational learning. In M. D. Cohen & L. S. Sproull (eds.), Organizational learning, Organization Science series (pp. 430-459). Sage.

Cooke, P. & Leydesdorff, L. (2006). Regional development in the knowledge-based economy: The construction of advantage. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 31(1), 5-15

Cooke, P. & Morgan, K. (1998). The associational economy: Firms, regions, and innovation. Oxford University Press.

Cooke, P. (2002) Knowledge economics: Clusters, learning, and cooperative advantage. London and New York: Routledge.

Cooper, R. B. & R. W.  Zmud, 1990, Information technology implementation research: a technological diffusion approach.  Management Science. 36(2), 123-139.

Cooperrider, D. L. and Whitney, D. (n.d.). What is appreciative inquiry? Appreciative Inquiry website. Retrieved from

Cooperrider, D. L., Barrett, F., & Srivastva, S. (1995). Social construction and appreciative inquiry: A journey in organizational theory. In D. Hosking , P. Dachler, & K. Gergen (Eds.), Management and organization: Relational alternatives to individualism (pp. 157-200). Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate Publishing.

Cornford, F.M. (1935/2003) Plato’s theory of knowledge: The Theaetetus and the Sophist. Dover.

Cortright, J. (2001). New growth theory, technology, and learning: A practitioner’s guide. Reviews of Economic Development Literature and Practice:  No. 4. Washington, DC: Economic Development Administration.

Council on Competitiveness. (2005). Innovate America: National innovation initiative summit and report. Washington, DC: Council on Competitiveness. Retrieved from

Cubberly, E. A. (1922). A brief history of education: A history of the practice and progress and organization of education. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Cyert, R.M. & March, J.G. (1963). A behavioral theory of the firm. Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

^ Back to Top ^


Dale, B. G. and Bunney, H. (1999). Total quality management blueprint. Wiley-Blackwell.

Davenport, T. H., De Long, D. W. & Beers, M. C. (1998). Successful knowledge management projects. Sloan Management Review. 39: 43-57.

Davenport, T. H., Leibold, M. & Voelpel, S. (2006). Strategic management in the innovation economy: strategy approaches and tools for dynamic innovation capabilities. Erlangen, Germany: Wiley-VCH.

Davenport, T., & Prusak, L. (1998). Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What They Know. Harvard Business School Press.

David, M. (2009). The correspondence theory of truth. In E. N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2009 edition). Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Information. Retrieved from

David, P. A., & Foray, D. (2002). An introduction to the economy of the knowledge society. UNESCO. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers. Retrieved from

Davis, F. D. (1989). Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319-340.

Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum.

DeLone, W. H. & McLean, E. (1992). Information system success: the quest for the dependent variable.  Information Systems Research. 3(1), 60-95.

DeMillo, R. (2009). Edupunk: It’s alien vs predator with relevance of universities at stake. Innovate.EDU (website). Posted October 14, 2009. Retrieved from

DeMillo, R. (2010a). Ephemeralization of American universities. Innovate.EDU (website). Posted July 18, 2010. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from

DeMillo, R. (2010b). Damaged pipelines and the future of innovation. Innovate.WWC (website). Posted September 6, 2010. Retrieved from

DeMillo, R. A. (2011). Abelard to Apple: The fate of american colleges and universities. The MIT Press.

Deming, W. E. (1986). Out of the crisis. Boston, MA: MIT Press.

Deming, W. E. (2000). The new economics for industry, government, education (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: MIT Press.

den Oudena, H. E., Frith, U., Frith, C. & Blakemore, S. J. (2005). Thinking about intentions. NeuroImage, Special Section: Social Cognitive Neuroscience, 28(4), 787-796.

Derrida, J. (1998). Of grammatology (G. C. Spivak, Trans.). Baltimore & London: Johns Hopkins University Press. (Original published in 1967)

Descartes, R. (1998). Discourse on method and meditations on first philosophy (4th ed.) (D. A. Cress, Trans.). Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company. (Original works published 1637 and 1641, respectively).

develop. (n.d.). unabridged. Retrieved from

Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and education. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Dewey, J. (1984). The quest for certainty: A study of the relation of knowledge and action. In J. A. Boydston & H. Furst-Simon (Eds.), John Dewey, The Later Works, 1925–1953, Volume 4: 1929 (pp. 1–254). Carbondale and Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. (Original work published in 1929)

Dewey, J. (1991). How we think. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books. (Original work published in 1910)

Dewey, J. (1999). The essential Dewey (Volumes I and II, L. Hickman and T. Alexander, Eds.), Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Diamond, J. (2005). Collapse: How societies choose to fail or succeed. New York, NY: Penguin.

Dimancescu, D., Hines, P., & Rich, N. (1997). The lean enterprise: Designing and managing strategic processes for customer-winning performance. Saranac Lake, NY: AMACON.

Dolence, M. G. (2003). The learner-centered curriculum model: A structured framework for technology planning (ECAR Research Bulletin, 2003(17)). Boulder, CO: EDUCAUSE.

Dolhenty, J. (n.d.). The Problem of knowledge: A brief introduction to epistemology. The Radical Academy. Retrieved from

Douglass, F. (1992). Self-made men. In J. Blassinghame & J. McKivigan (Eds.), The Frederick Douglass papers (1(4), 545-575). New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press. (Original published in 1859).

Doyle, A. C. (1930). The complete Sherlock Holmes. New York, NY: Doubleday. (Original published in 1906).

Drucker, P. F. (1959). Landmarks of tomorrow: A report on the new 'post-modern' world. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers

Drucker, P. F. (1985). Innovation and entrepreneurship: Practice and principles. Harper & Row.

Drucker, P. F. (1993). Concept of the corporation. Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Publishers. (Original published in 1945)

Drucker, P. F. (1995). Managing in a Time of Great Change. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Drucker, P. F. (1999). Management challenges for the 21st century. New York, NY: HarperBusiness.

Drucker, P. F. (2002). The discipline of innovation. Harvard Business Review. 80(8), 95-100. (Original published in 1985)

Drucker, P. F. (2002). They’re not employees, they’re people. Harvard Business Review. 80(2), 70-77.

Drucker, P. F. (2007). Innovation and entrepreneurship: Practice and principles. Oxford, UK, and Waltham, MA: Butterworth Heinemann. (Original published in 1985)

Dutta-Bergman, M. J. (2006), The antecedents of community-oriented internet use: Community participation and community satisfaction. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11, 97–113.

^ Back to Top ^


Easterby-Smith, M. & Araujo, L. (1999). Organizational learning: Current debates and opportunities. In M. Eastby-Smith, J. Burgoyne, and L. Araujo (Eds.), Organizational learning and the learning organization: Developments in theory and practice (pp. 1-22). San Francisco, CA: Sage.

Easterby-Smith, M. & Lyles, M. A. (Eds.) (2003). The Blackwell handbook of organizational learning and knowledge management. New York, NY: Wiley-Blackwell.

Eco, U. (1976). A theory of semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Economy Professor (n.d.). capital theory. Retrieved from

Edvinsson, L. & Malone, M. S. (1997). Intellectual capital: Realizing your company’s true value by finding it’s hidden brainpower. HarperBusiness.

Edwards, M. R., & Ewen, A. J. (1996). 360° feedback: The powerful new model for Employee Assessment & performance improvement. New York: AMACOM American Management Association.

Einstein, A. (1920). Relativity: The special and general theory (R. W. Lawson, Trans.). London: Methuen and Company, Ltd.

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Agency theory: An assessment and review. The Academy of Management Review, 14(1), 57-74.

Elkington, J. (1998). Cannibals with forks: The triple bottom line of 21st century business. Gabriola Island, BC, Canada: New Society Publishers.

Ellis, A. K. (2005). Research on educational innovations. Larchmont, NY: Eye On Education.

Ellis, J. J. (2004). His excellency George Washington. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.

Etzkowitz, H., & L. Leydesdorff. (1997). Universities and the global knowledge economy:A triple helix of university-industry-government relations. London: Pinter.

Evaluand. (2008, November 12). In Wiktionary, a wiki-based Open Content dictionary. Retrieved from

evaluate. (n.d.). unabridged (v 1.1). Retrieved from website:

Ewell, P. T. (2002). An emerging scholarship: A brief history of assessment. In T. W. Banta (Ed.), Building a scholarship of assessment (pp. 3-25). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

^ Back to Top ^


Farnes, N. (1975). Student-centered learning. Teaching at a Distance, 3(May), 2-6.

Federation for Community Development Learning. (n.d.) About us: Definition of community development learning. Retrieved from

Feyerabend, P. K. (1978). Science in a free society. Brooklyn, NY, and London: Verso.

Feyerabend, P. K. (1993). Against method: Outline of an anarchistic theory of knowledge (3rd ed.). Brooklyn, NY, and London: Verso. (Original published in 1970)

Filion, P., Hoernig, H., Bunting, T. & Sands, G. (2004). The successful few: Healthy downtowns of small metropolitan regions. Journal of the American Planning Association, 70(3), 328-343.

Fischer, C. S. (1982) To dwell among friends: Personal networks in town and city. University of Chicago Press.

Fischer, C. S., Jackson, R. M., Stueve, C. A., Gerson, K., Jones, L. M., & Baldassare, M. (1977). Networks and places: Social relations in the urban setting. New York, NY: The Free Press.

Fishbein, M. & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Fitzpatrick, J. L., Sanders, J. R., & Worthen, B. R. (2004). Program evaluation: Alternative approaches and practical guidelines (3rd ed.). Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Florida, R. (1995). Toward the learning region. Futures. 27(5), 527-536.

Foray, D. & Lundvall, B. (1998). The Knowledge-based economy: From economics of knowledge to the learning economy. In D. Neef, G. A. Siesfeld, and J. Cefola (Eds.), The Economic Impact of Knowledge (pp. 115-121). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Forum for the Future. (n.d.) “Five capitals” model. Retrieved from

Foucault, M. (1972). The discourse on language  (A. M. S. Smith, Trans.). Archeology of knowledge (pp. 215-37). New York, NY: Pantheon.

Frankl, V. (1984). Man's search for meaning. An introduction to logotherapy (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Freeman, C. (1991). Networks of innovators: A synthesis of research issues. Research Policy, 20: 499-514.

Freidman, T. (2005). The world is flat: A brief history of the twenty-first century. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Freud, S. (1961). Civilization and its discontents (J. Strachey, Trans). New York: W. W. Norton. (Original work published in 1930)

Fuchs, D., Fuchs, L. S., Mathes, P. G., & Simmons, D. C. (1997). Peer-assisted learning strategies: Making classrooms more responsive to diversity. American Educational Research Journal, 34, 174-206.

^ Back to Top ^


Gabor, A. (1990). The man who discovered quality. Penguin Books.

Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical inquiry in a text–based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education, 2(2-3): 87 – 105.

Garud, R. (1997). On the distinction between know-how, know-why, and know-what. Advances in Strategic Management, 14: 81-101.

General Education Board. (1915). The General education board: An account of its activities, 1902-1914. New York: General Education Board. Retrieved from

George, J. (1961). The economics of information. Journal of Political Economy, 69 (3), 213-25.

Gettier, E. L. (1963). Is justified true belief knowledge? Analysis, 23: 121-123. Retrieved from

GHK International. (2005-2006). “Four capitals” model. SRDTOOLS. Retrieved from

Gibson, J. J. (1977). The theory of affordances. In R. Shaw & J. Bransford (Eds.), Perceiving, acting, and knowing: toward an ecological psychology (pp. 67-82). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Giddens, A. (1986). The constitution of society: Outline of the theory of structuration (reprint ed.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Ginsberg, B. (2011). The fall of the faculty: The rise of the all-administrative university and why it matters. New York, NY: Oxford University Press USA.

Gitlow, H. S. (2001). Quality management: A practical guide. St. Lucie Press.

Gladwell, M. (2002). The tipping point: How little things can make a big difference. New York, NY: Little, Brown, and Company.

Gladwell, M. (2009). Outliers: The story of success. New York, NY: Little, Brown, and Company.

Gödel, K. (2000). On formally undecidable propositions of Principia Mathematica and related systems (M. Hirzel, Trans). Retrieved from (Original published in 1931)

Godin, S. (2008). Tribes: We need you to lead us. Portfolio.

Godin, S. (2010). The coming meltdown in higher education. Seth Godin (website), posted April 29, 2010. Retrieved from

Gottlieb, H. (2006). The 3 most effective tools for community engagement. Creating the future (website). Retrieved from

Gottlieb, H. (2007). 3 statements that can change the world: Mission/vision/values. Creating the future (website). Retrieved from

Govindarajan, V., & Trimble, C. (2005). Ten rules for strategic innovators: From idea to execution. Harvard Business Press.

Graesser, A. C., Person, N., & Maglian, J. (1995). Collaborative dialog patterns in naturalistic one-on-one tutoring. Applied Cognitive Psychologist, 9, 359-387.

Granovetter, M. (1983). The strength of weak ties: A network theory revisited. Sociological Theory, 1, 201–233.

Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91, 481-510.

Granovetter, M. S. (1973). The strength of weak ties. The American Journal of Sociology. 78, 1360-1380.

Gratton, S. (2007). Hot spots: Why some teams, workplaces, and organizations buzz with energy—and others don’t. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.

Greenleaf, R. K. (1977). Servant leadership: A journey into the nature of legitimate power and greatness. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press.

^ Back to Top ^


Habermas, J. (1971). Knowledge and human interests (J. J. Shapiro, Trans.). Boston, MA: Beacon. (Original work published in 1968)

Habermas, J. (1973). Theory and practice (J. Viertel, Trans.). Boston, MA: Beacon. (Original work published in 1971)

Habermas, J. (1979). Communication and the evolution of society (T. McCarthy, Trans.). Boston: Beacon Press.

Habermas, J. (1984). The theory of communicative action, Vol. 1: Reason and the rationalization of society (T. McCarthy, Trans.). Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Habermas, J. (1987). The theory of communicative action (Volumes 1 and 2). (T. McCarthy, Trans.). Cambridge: Polity.

Hacker, A. & Dreifus, C. (2011). Higher education? How colleges are wasting our money and failing our kids and what we can do about it. St. Martin's Griffin.

Hairrell, L. (2010). Personal Interview. Conducted April 9, 2010, by Greg Laudeman.

Hamlin, K. (2011). Open space, what happens why does it work. unconference (website). Retrieved from

Hanneman, R. A. & Riddle, M. (2005).  Introduction to social network methods.  Riverside, CA:  University of California, Riverside. Retrieved from

Hannula, M., Kulmala, H. I. & Suomala, P. (n.d.) Total quality management and balanced scorecard: A comparative analysis. Retrieved from

Hanson, T. J. (2008). higher education – Dangerously close to becoming irrelevant. Open Education (website), posted 08/12/2008. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from

Hart, C. A. (1930). The Thomistic concept of mental faculty. Catholic University of America.

Hartman, M. G. (2002). Fundamental concepts of quality improvement. Milwaukee, WI: American Society for Quality.

Hassett, J. D. (1972). Open education: Alternatives within our tradition. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Hassink, R. (2005). How to unlock regional economies from path dependency: From learning region to learning cluster. European Planning Studies, 13(4), 521-535.

Hauser C., Tappeiner G., & Walde J. (2007). The learning region: the impact of social capital and weak ties on innovation. Regional Studies, 41(1), 75–88.

Haynes, J., Sakai, K., Rees, G., Gilbert, S., Frith, C. & Passingham, R. (2007). Reading hidden intentions in the human brain. Current Biology, 17(4), 323-328

Heathfield, S. M. (n.d.). Performance appraisals don't work: Eliminate performance appraisals as you’ve known them. Retrieved from

Heckathorn, D. D.  (1997). Respondent-driven sampling: A new approach to the study of hidden populations. Social Problems.  44: 174–199.

Heidegger, M. (1993). The question concerning technology. In D. Krell (Ed.), Basic Writings (pp. 340-375). New York: HarperCollins Publishers. (Original work published in 1954)

Heidegger, M. (1996). Being and time (J. Stambaugh, Trans.). Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. (Original work published in 1927)

Heider, F. (1958). The psychology of interpersonal relations. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Heisenberg, W. (1930). The physical principles of quantum theory (M. Hirzel, Trans.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Hersey, P., Blanchard, K.  & Johnson, D. (2008). Management of organizational behavior: Leading human resources (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Hersh, R. H. & Merrow, J. (Eds.). (2005). Declining by degrees: Higher education at risk. New York, NY: Palgrave McMillan.

Herzberg, F. (1959). The motivation to work. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons

Hickman, L. & Alexander T. (Eds.), (1999). The essential Dewey (Vols. I and II). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Hiltz, S. R., Coppola, N., Rotter, N., Turoff, M., & Benbunan-Fich, R. (2000). Measuring the importance of collaborative learning for the effectiveness of ALN: A multi-measure, multi-method approach. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 4 (2).

Hindle, T. (2009). Quality circle: Criticised as a formalised hunt for people to blame for the problems that it identified. The Economist (website), Business and Finance. Retrieved from

Hock, D. (1999).  Birth of the chaordic age.  San Francisco, CA: Barrett-Koehler Publishers.

Hollifield, C. A. & Donnermeyer, J (2003). Creating demand: influencing information technology diffusion in rural communities.  Government Information Quarterly, 20: 135–150.

Hollingsworth, J. R. (1986). The decline of scientific communication within and across academic disciplines. Policy Studies Journal, 14, 422-428.

Homans, G. C. (1958). Social behavior as exchange. American Journal of Sociology, 63, 597–606.

Hookway, C. (2010). Pragmatism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Spring 2010 ed.). San Francisco, CA: Stanford University. Retrieved from

Huber, G. P. (1996). Organizational Learning: The Contributing Processes and the Literature. In M. D. Cohen & L. S. Sproull (Eds.), Organizational Learning, Organization Science series (pp. 124-162). Sage.

Hudson, R. (1999). The learning economy, the learning firm and the learning region: A sympathetic critique of the limits to learning. European Urban and Regional Studies. 6(1), 59-72. Retrieved from

Hughes, J. (2007) The ability-motivation-opportunity framework for behavior research in IS. Proceedings of the 40th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Retrieved from

Hugo, V. (1909). Napoleon the little. The works of Victor Hugo. New York, NY: Little, Brown, and Company. Retrieved from (Original published in 1852)

Hume, D. (1902). An enquiry concerning human understanding. In L.A. Selby-Bigge (Ed.), Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of morals, (2nd edition). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from (Original work published in 1777)

Humphreys, B. (2010). Financial problems beleaguer UC Berkeley. Christian Science Monitor, posted April 28, 2010. Retrieved from

Hurley, T. J. & Brown, J. (2009). Conversational leadership: thinking together for a change. The Systems Thinker, 10(9), 2-7. Retrieved from

Huxley, T. H. (1892, April 11). Letter to E. Ray Lankester. In C. Blindermann and D. Joyce (Eds.), The Huxley File website. Clark University. Retrieved from

^ Back to Top ^


Iacoboni, M.,  Molnar-Szakacs, I.,  Gallese, V.,  Buccino, G. &  Mazziotta, J. C. (2005). Grasping the intentions of others with one's own mirror neuron system. PLoS Biology, 3(3), e79. Retrieved from

Ichniowski, C., Kochan, T. A., Levine, D. I. Ian, Olson, C. A., & Strauss, G. (2000). What works at work: Overview and assessment. In C. Ichniowski (Ed.), The American workplace: Skills, compensation, and employee involvement (pp. 1-37). Cambridge University Press.

IEDC. (2001/2008). Frequently asked questions about IEDC. Retrieved from

infrastructure. (n.d.). unabridged (v 1.1). Retrieved from

intellectual property. (n.d.). The American heritage dictionary of the English language, (Fourth ed.). Retrieved from property

ISO. (2008). Quality management principles. International standards for business, government and society. International Standards Organization. Retrieved from

^ Back to Top ^


Jackson, S. E., Hitt, M. A., & DeNisi, A. S. (2003). Managing knowledge for sustained competitive advantage: designing strategies for effective human resources management. Jossey-Bass.

James, W. (1975). Lecture VI: Pragmatism’s conception of truth. In Pragmatism: A new name for some old ways of thinking (sec. 7). Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. Retrieved from
for_Some_Old_Ways_of_Thinking#Lecture_VI:_Pragmatism.27s_Conception_of_Truth. (Original work published in 1907).

Jan, T. (2010). Faculty cuts at Brandeis proposed: Downturn cited; plan would end some programs. Boston Globe, February 23, 2010. Retrieved from

Jensen, M., Danziger, J, & Venkatesh, A. (2007). Civil society and cyber society: The role of the internet in community associations and democratic politics. The Information Society, 23(1): 39-50.

JISC (2007). Business and community engagement. Retrieved from

Johnson, B. (1992). Institutional learning. In  B-A. Lundvall (Ed.), National systems of innovation: Towards a theory of innovation and interactive learning (pp.23-45). London: Pinter. Retrieved from

Johnson, D., Johnson, R., & Smith, K. (1995). Cooperative learning and individual student achievement. In J. Pederson & A. Digby (Eds.), Secondary schools and cooperative learning (pp.3-54). New York: Garland Publishing.

^ Back to Top ^


Kahneman, D. & Tversky, A. (1979). Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica, 47: 263-291. Retrieved from

Kamenetz, A. (2010). DIY U: Edupunks, edupreneurs, and the coming transformation of higher education. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing.

Kant, I. (1992). The conflict of the faculties (2nd ed., M. J. Gregor, Trans.). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. (Original published in 1798)

Kant, I. (2003). The critique of pure reason (J. M. D. Meiklejohn, Trans.). Retrieved from
4280/pg4280.html. (Original work published in 1781)

Kant, I. (2005). Groundwork for the metaphysics of morals (T. K. Abbott, Trans., L. Denis, Ed.). Peterborough, ON, Canada: Broadview Press. (Original work published in 1785)

Karahanna, E. & Straub, D. W. (1999). Information technology adoption across time: a cross-sectional comparison of pre-adoption and post-adoption beliefs.  MIS Quarterly, 23(2), 183-214.

Kellog, K. (1999). Learning communities. ERIC Digest. Washington, DC: ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education. (ED430512). Retrieved from

Kidd, J. J. (2011). Its only port of call: Reflections on the state of higher education. In R. H. Hersh & J. Merrow (Eds.), Declining by degrees: Higher education at risk (pp. 195-208). New York, NY: Palgrave McMillan.

Kihl, M., Brennan, D., Gabhawala, N., List, J., & Mittal, P. (2005). Livable communities: An evaluation guide. Arizona State University, Herberger Center for Design Excellence. Washington, DC: AARPPublic Policy Institute. Retrieved June 14, 2010, from

Kim, D. H. (1993). The link between individual and organizational learning. Sloan Management Review, 35(1), 37-50.

Kim, W. C, and Mauborgne, R. (2005). Blue ocean strategy: How to create uncontested market space and make the competition irrelevant. Harvard Business Press.

King, A. (1993). From sage on the stage to guide on the side. College Teaching, 41(1), 30-35.

King, A. W., & Zeithaml, C. P. (2003). Measuring organizational knowledge: A conceptual and methodological framework. Strategic Management Journal, 24(8), 763–772.

King, W. R. & Teo, T. (1994). Facilitators and inhibitors for the strategic use of information technology.  Information and Management, 27(2), 71-87.

Kirkpatrick, D. L. & Kirkpatrick, J. D. (2006). Evaluating training programs: The four levels (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Kirkpatrick, D. L. (1959) Evaluating training programs (2nd ed.). Berrett Koehler, San Francisco.

Kirkpatrick, D. L. (1998). Another look at evaluating training programs. ASTD: Alexandria, USA.

Kirshner, D. & Whitson, J. A. (1997). Situated cognition: Social, semiotic, and psychological perspectives. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Kleiner, A. (2002) Karen Stephonson’s quantum theory of trust. Strategy + Business, 29:2-14. Retrieved from

Koberg, D. & Bagnall, J. (1972). The universal traveler: A soft-systems guide to creativity, problem-solving, and the process of reaching goals. Los Altos, CA: William Kaufman.

Kock, N. & Davison, R. (2003). Can lean media support knowledge sharing? Investigating a hidden advantage of process improvement. IEEE Transactions On Engineering Management, 50(2): 151-163.

Kohn, A. (1993). Punished by rewards: The trouble with gold stars, incentive plans, A’s, praise, and other bribes. Bridgewater, NJ: Replica Books.

Kolb, D.A. (1984). Experiential learning: experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Krathwohl, D. R. & Anderson, L. W. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives. Addison Wesley Longman.

Kronman, A. T. (2007). Education's end: Why our colleges and universities have given up on the meaning of life. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Kuh, G. D. (2009). The national survey of student engagement: Conceptual and empirical foundations. New Directions for Institutional Research, 2009: 5–20.

Kuhn, T. S. (1996). The structure of scientific revolutions (3rd ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. (Original published in 1962)

Kurzweil, R. (2005). The singularity is near. New York, NY: Viking.

^ Back to Top ^


Lam, A. (2000). Tacit knowledge, organisational learning and societal institutions: An integrated framework. Organisational Studies, 21(3), 487-513.

Lau, H. C., Rogers, R. D., Haggard, P., & Passingham, R. E. (2004). Attention to intention. Science, 303, 1208 – 1210.

Lave, J. & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Lawrence, P. R. & Nohria, N. (2002). Driven: How human nature shapes our choices. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

leader. (n.d.). The American heritage dictionary of the English language (4th ed.). Retrieved from

leadership. (n.d.) The American heritage dictionary of the English language (4th ed.). Retrieved from

learning. (n.d.) The American heritage dictionary of the English language (4th ed.). Retrieved from

Lee, C. Y. (2002). The impact of self-efficacy and task value on satisfaction and performance in a Web-based course. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida.

Lenning, O. T., & Ebbers, L. H. (1999). The powerful potential of learning communities: Improving education for the future. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, 26 (6). Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Washington, DC.

Lerner, D., Lasswell, H. D., & Fisher, H. H. (1968). The policy sciences. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Leslie, A. M. (1994). ToMM, ToBy, and agency: Core architecture and domain specificity. In L. A. Hirschfeld & S. A. Gelman (Eds.), Mapping the Mind: Domain Specificity in Cognition and Culture (pp. 118-148). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lesser, E. L., Fontaine, M. A. &Slusher, J. A. (2000). Preface. In E. L. Lesser, M. A. Fontaine, & J. A. Slusher (Eds.), Knowledge and Communities (pp. vii-xi). Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heineman.

Levitt, B. & March, J. G. (1988/1996). Organizational Learning. In M. D. Cohen & L. S. Sproull (Eds.), Organizational learning, Organization Science series (pp. 516-540). Sage.

Lewin K. (1997). Resolving social conflicts: Field theory in social science. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Lewin, K. (1943). Defining the “field at a given time.” Psychological Review, 50: 292-310.

Lewis, H. (2007). Excellence without a soul: Does liberal education have a future? PublicAffairs.

Lewis, T. (2007). University of Phoenix staggers under growing criticism. (website), posted February 11, 2007. Retrieved from

Li, C. (2010). Open leadership: How social technology can transform the way you lead. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Liker, J. K. (2004). The Toyota way: 14 management principles from the world's greatest manufacturer. McGraw-Hill Professional.

Limone, A. & Bastias, L. E. (2006). Autopoiesis and knowledge in the organization: conceptual foundation for authentic knowledge management. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 23(1), 39-49.

Lipton. D. (2010). An educational extinction event? Gödel’s lost letter and P=NP (website). Posted January 29, 2010. Retrieved from

Locke, J. (1995). An essay concerning human understanding. ILT Digital Classics. Retrieved from
understanding.html. (Original published in 1690)

Lopez, E. J. (2002). The legislator as political entrepreneur: Investment in political capital. Review of Austrian Economics,15(2-3), 211-228.

Luke, J. S. (1998). Catalytic leadership: Strategies for an interconnected world. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Lumina Foundation. (2010). A stronger nation through higher education: Special Report (Sept. 2010). Lumina Foundation for Education. Retrieved from

Lyotard, J-F. (1984). The postmodern condition (G. Bennington & B. Massumi, Trans.). Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. (Original work published in 1979)

^ Back to Top ^


Machiavelli, N. (2004). The prince (G. Bull, Trans.) London: Penguin. (Original published in 1961)

Machlup, F. (1962). The production and distribution of knowledge in the United States. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

MacKinnon, D., Cumbers, A, & Chapman, K. (2002). Learning, innovation and regional development: a critical appraisal of recent debates. Progress in Human Geography, 26(3), pp. 293–311

Mahidhar, V. (2005). Designing the lean enterprise performance measurement system. MS thesis, Engineering Systems Division, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved from

Maki, P. L. (2004). Assessing for learning: Building a sustainable commitment across the institution. Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Malecki, E. J. (1997). Technology and economic development (2nd ed.). Essex: Longman.

Malhotra, Y. (2003). Measuring knowledge assets of a nation: Knowledge systems for development. Ad Hoc Group of Experts Meeting, Knowledge Systems for Development, September 4 – 5, 2003. New York, NY: United Nations. Retrieved from

Mansell, R. & Wehn, U. (1998). Knowledge societies: Information technology for sustainable development. United Nations Commission of Science and Technology for Development. Oxford University Press.

March, J. G. (1991). Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. Organizational Science. 2(1), Special Issue, 71-87.

Marcus, Gary F. (2001). The Algebraic mind: Integrating connectionism and cognitive science, learning, development, and conceptual change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Marklein, M. B. (2010). Probe finds fraud, deception at for-profit colleges. USA TODAY (website). Posted 8/4/2010. Retrieved from

Martinez, M. E. (2009). Learning and cognition: The design of the mind (Pearson Custom Education Series). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon Publishers.

Martínez-Lorente, A. R., Dewhurst, F., & Dale, B. G. (1998). Total quality management: Origins and evolution of the term. The TQM Magazine, 10, 378-386.

Marx, K. (1887/1999) Capital (Volume 1, The process of production of capital, S. Moore & E. Aveling, Trans., F Engels, Ed.). Progress Publishers, Moscow, USSR. Retrieved from

Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370-396.

Maslow, A. H. (1970). Motivation and personality (2nd ed.). New York: Harper & Row.

Maslow, A. H. (1999). Toward a psychology of being (3rd ed.). New York, NY: J. Wiley & Sons.

Mason, C., Castleman, T. & Parker, C. (2005) Can knowledge management save regional development? CRIC Cluster conference. Beyond Cluster: Current Practices & Future Strategies, June 30-July 1, 2005. Retrieved August 25, 2008 from

Maturana, H. & Varela, F. (1980). Autopoiesis and cognition: the realization of the living (2nd ed., R. S. Cohen & M. W. Wartofsky, eds.). Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 42. Dordecht: D. Reidel Publishing Co.

Mayadas, F. (1997). Asynchronous learning networks: A Sloan Foundation perspective. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 1(1), 1-16. Retrieved from

Mayberry, M., Crocker, M. W., & Knoeferle, P. (2009). Learning to attend: A connectionist model of the coordinated interplay of utterance, visual context, and world knowledge. Cognitive Science, 33, 449-496.

McGonigle, T. P. & Curnow, C. K. (2007). Measures of training and experience. In D. L. Whetzel and G. R. Wheaton (Eds.), Applied measurement: Industrial psychology in human resources management (pp. 161 – 180). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

McLuhan, H. M. (1962). The Gutenberg galaxy: The making of typographic man (1st ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

McLuhan, H. M. (1964). Understanding media: The extensions of man (1st ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

McMillan, D. W. & Chavez, D. M. (1986). Sense of community: A definition and theory. Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 1-23. Retrieved from

Meacci, F. (1989). Different divisions of capital in Smith, Ricardo, and Marx. Atlantic Economic Journal, 17(4), 13-21.

Menand, L. (2010). The marketplace of ideas: Reform and resistance in the American university. W. W. Norton & Company.

Mill, J. S. (1963). Essays on politics and society (Part I: On liberty). In J. M. Robson (Ed.) Collected works of John Stuart Mill (Volume XVIII). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Retrieved from
=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=165&Itemid=28. (Original work published in 1859)

Mill, J. S. (1963). System of logic, ratiocinative and inductive (Parts I & II). In J. M. Robson (ed.) Collected works of John Stuart Mill (Volume VII & VIII). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Retrieved from (Original works published in 1843).

Mincer, J. (1958). Investment in human capital and personal income distribution. Journal of Political Economy, 66(4), 281.

MindTools. (n.d.). Mission statements and vision statements: Unleashing purpose. MindTools (website), Strategy Tools. Retrieved from

Moore, G. (1991). Crossing the chasm: Marketing and selling technology products to mainstream consumers. Harper Business.

Moore, M., & Kearsley, G. (1996). Distance education: A system view. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Morgan, G. (2006). Images of organization (Updated ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Morgan, K. (1997). The learning region: Institutions, innovation and regional renewal. Regional Studies, 31, 491-503.

Moshinskie, J. (2000). How to keep e-learners from escaping. Retrieved from

Moulaert, F. & Sekia, F. (2003) Territorial innovation models: A critical survey. Regional Studies: The Journal of the Regional Studies Association. 37(3), 289-302.

Myhill, A. (2006). Community engagement in policing: Lessons from the literature. United Kingdom Home Office, Crime Reduction. Retrieved from

^ Back to Top ^


Nagel, T. (1979). The possibility of altruism. Princeton University Press.

Nahapiet, J. and Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. The Academy of Management Review, 23(2), 242.

National Academy of Sciences. (2007). Executive summary. Rising above the gathering storm: Energizing and employing america for a brighter economic future. Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century: An Agenda for American Science and Technology, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. Retrieved from

National Research Council. (2000). How people learn: Mind, brain, experience and school (Expanded ed.). J. D. Bransford, A. L. Brown, & R. R. Cocking (Eds.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Research Council. (2001). Knowing what students know. J. W. Pellegrino, N. Chudowsky, & R. Glaser (Eds.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Science Foundation. (1983, May). The process of technological innovation: Reviewing the literature. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation.

Needy, K. L., Norman, B. A., Bidanda, B., & Ariyawongrat, P. (2002) Assessing human capital: A lean manufacturing example. Engineering Management Journal, 14(3): 35.

Nelson, R. R. & Winter, S. G. (1977). In search of a useful theory of innovation. Research Policy, 6, 36-77.

Newman, J. H. (1852). The idea of a university. Retrieved from

Newmann, F. M., Wehlage, G. G. & Lamborn, S. D. (1992). The significance and sources of student engagement. In F. M. Newmann (Ed.), Student Engagement and achievement in American secondary schools (pp. 11-39). New York, NY: Teachers College Press. Retrieved from

Nickerson, R. S. (1998, June). Confirmation bias: A ubiquitous phenomenon in many guises. Review of General Psychology, 2(2), 175-220.

Nielsen, J. S. (2004).  The myth of leadership: Creating leaderless organizations.  Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.

NIFA. (2011, April). About us: Extension: History. National Institute of Food and Agriculture website. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture. Retrieved from

Niles, D. (2009, August 3). Leadership: The secret of successful scenario planning. Retrieved from

NIST (2008) 2008 Criteria for performance excellence. Baldrige National Quality Program. Washington, DC: National Institute of Science and Technology. Retrieved November 12, 2008 from

Nonaka, I. & von Krogh, G. (2009). Perspective-tacit knowledge and knowledge conversion: Controversy and advancement in organizational knowledge creation theory. Organization Science, 20(3), 635-652.

Nonaka, I. (1998). The knowledge-creating company. In D. Neef, G. A. Siesfeld, & J. Cefola (Eds.). The economic impact of knowledge: Resources for the knowledge-based economy (pp. 175-188). Butterworth-Heinemann.

Norman, D. A. (1999). Affordances, conventions and design. Interactions 6(3), 38-43.

Northouse, P. G. (2004). Leadership: Theory and practice (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Northouse, P. G. (2007). Leadership: Theory and practice (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Nussbaum, M. C. (2000). Women and human development: the capabilities approach. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Nussbaum, M. C. (2010). Not for profit: Why democracy needs the humanities. Princeton University Press.

NWCET. (2000). Soft skills assessment for an IT core curriculum. National Workforce Center for Emerging Technologies. Bellevue, WA: Bellevue Community College.

^ Back to Top ^


Oddie, G. (2008). Truthlikeness. In E. N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2008 ed.). Retrieved from

ODEP. (n.d.). Soft skills: The competitive edge. Office of Disability Employment Policy. Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor. Retrieved from

OECD. (1996). The knowledge-based economy. OCDE/GD(96)102. Paris: Organisation For Economic Co-Operation And Development. Retrieved October 8, 2010 from

Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action: Public goods and the theory of groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Open Space World. (n.d.). About open space... Open space world (website). Retrieved from

O'Toole, J. (2005). Creating the good life: Applying Aristotle's wisdom to find meaning and happiness. Rodale Press.

Owston, R. D. (2000). A meta-evaluation of six cases studies of web-based learning. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, 2000.

^ Back to Top ^


Palmer, P. J., Zajonc, A. & Scribner, M. (2010). The heart of higher education: A call to renewal. Jossey-Bass.

Palomba, C. A. & Banta, T. W. (1999). Assessment essentials: Planning, implementing, and improving assessment in higher education. Jossey-Bass.

Papert, S. & Harel, I. (1991). Constructionism. New York, NY: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Papert, S. (1980). Mindstorms: Children, computers, and powerful ideas. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Papert, S. and Harel, I. (1991). Constructionism. Ablex Publishing Corporation. Chapter 1 available online at

Participative Management. (n.d.). Encyclopedia of management. Retrieved

Partners for Livable Communities. (2009). What is livability? Partners for Livable Communities website. Retrieved June 14, 2010, from about-us/what-is-livability.

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2009, December). P21 framework definitions. Washington, DC: Partnership for 21st Century Skills. Retrieved from

Patton, M. Q., (1997). Utilization-focused evaluation: The new century text (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Paul, M. & Girju, R. (2009). Cross-cultural analysis of blogs and forums with mixed-collection topic models. In the Proceedings of the 2009 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2009), 1408-1417, Singapore.

PBS, Inc. (2007) Darwin’s predictions. In NOVA judgment day: Intelligent design on trial. Retrieved from

Peirce, C. S. (1878, January). How to make our ideas clear: Illustrations of the logic of science II. Popular Science Monthly, 12(January), 286-302. Retrieved from

Peirce, C. S., Hartshorne, C. & Weiss, P. (Eds.), (1935). Collected papers of Charles Sanders Peirce: Pragmaticisms and pragnoaticism, scientific metaphysics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Peterson, G. D., Cumming, G. S., & Carpenter, S. R. (2003). Scenario planning: A tool for conservation in an uncertain world. Conservation Biology, 17(2): 358–366.

Petrash, G. (1996). Dow’s journey to a knowledge value management culture. European Management Journal, 14(4), 365-373.

Pfeffer, J. & Salancik, G. R. (2003). The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective. Stanford Business Books, Stanford University Press. Original published in 1978.

Pfeffer, J. & Sutton, R. I. (2000). The knowing-doing gap: How smart companies turn knowledge into action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business Press.

Piaget, J. (1970). Piaget’s theory. In P. Mussen (Ed.), Manual of child psychology (pp. 703-732). New York, NY: Wiley.

Piaget, J. (1972). To understand is to invent. New York: The Viking Press, Inc.

Piaget, J. (1985). The equilibrium of cognitive structures: the central problem of intellectual development. Chicago University Press.

Piaget, J. (1999). The construction of reality in the child. International library of psychology (Vol. 20: Developmental psychology). Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge. (Original published in 1954)

Pike, G. R. (1995). The relationships between self reports of college experiences and achievement test scores. Research in Higher Education, 36, 1-22.

Pinchot, G. (1986). Intrapreneuring: Why you don't have to leave the corporation to become an entrepreneur. Harper & Row.

Pink, D. H. (2009). Drive: The surprising truth about what motivates us. New York, NY: Riverhead Books, Penguin Group.

Pinker, S. (2002) The blank slate: The modern denial of human nature. New York, NY: Penguin Books.

Pintrich, P. & Schunk, D. (1996). The role of expectancy and self-efficacy beliefs. Excerpted from Motivation in education: Theory, research & applications, Ch. 3. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Retrieved from

Pintrich, P. R., Smith, D., Garcia, T., & McKeachie, W. J. (1991). A manual for the use of the motivated strategies for learning questionnaire. National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Piore, M. & Sabel, C. (1984). The second industrial divide: Possibilities for prosperity. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Pithers, B., & Twyford, K. (2000). The effect of telephone contact as a means of student support in distance education. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Vocational Education Research, 8(2), 91-109.

Plato. Meno (B. Jowett, Trans.). Retrieved from

Plato. The republic (B. Jowett, Trans.). Retrieved from

Plato. Theaetetus (B. Jowett, Trans.). Retrieved from

Polanyi, M. (1958). Personal knowledge: Towards a post-critical philosophy. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Polanyi, M. (1983). The tacit dimension (Reprint ed.). Gloucester, MA: Doubleday & Co. (Original published in 1966)

Popper, K. (2002). The logic of scientific discovery (2nd ed.). London, UK: Routledge. (Original work published in 1934)

Popper, K. R. (2003). Conjectures and refutations: The growth of scientific knowledge. London, UK: Routledge. (Original work published in 1963)

Porat, M. (1977). The information economy: Definition and measurement. Washington, DC: US Department of Commerce

Porter, C. E., & Donthu, N. (2006). Using the technology acceptance model to explain how attitudes determine Internet usage: The role of perceived access barriers and demographics. Journal of Business Research, 59(9), 999-1007.

Porter, M. E. & Kramer, M. R. (1999). Philanthropy’s new agenda: Creating value. Harvard Business Review. November-December, 121-130, Reprint 99610. Retrieved from

Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive advantage. New York: The Free Press,.

Porter, M. E. (1990). The competitive advantage of nations. New York: The Free Press.

Porter, M. E. (2003). Location, clusters, and strategy. In G. L. Clark, M. P. Feldman, M. S. Gertler & K. Williams (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of economic geography (pp. 253-274). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Portes, A. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 24(n1), 1-25.

Positive Freedom. (2008). Wikipedia. Retrieved December 1, 2008 from

Powell, W. W. & Snellman, K. (2004). The knowledge economy. Annual Review of Sociology, 30:199–220.

Professor X. (2011). In the basement of the ivory tower: Confessions of an accidental academic. Viking Adult.

Prugh, T., Costanza, R., Cumberland, J. H., Daly, H., Goodland, R., & Norgaard, R. B. (1999). Natural capital and human economic survival. Solomons, MD: International Society for Ecological Economics.

Pugh, J. & Potter, R. B. (2003). Participatory planning in the Caribbean: Lessons from practice. Franham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

Putnam, R. D. (1993). The prosperous community: Social capital and public life. The American Prospect, 13(March), 35-42. Retrieved from (Online version dated November 30, 2002)

Putnam, R. D. (2000) Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.

^ Back to Top ^


Rachels, J. (2003). The elements of moral philosophy (4th ed.). S. Rachels (Ed). Boston: McGraw Hill.

Ram, P., Ram, A. & Sprague, P. (2004a). A web-based system to bring PBL into your classroom. Paper presented at the International Conference of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education (SITE-04), Atlanta, GA.

Ram, P., Ram, A. & Sprague, P. (2004b). CaseBook: A web-based PBL environment. Paper presented at the International Conference on Problem-Based Learning (PBL-04), Cancun, Mexico.

Ram, P., Ram, A. & Sprague, P. (2005). PBL in context—Bridging work and education. Paper presented at the International Conference on Problem-Based Learning (PBL-05), Lahti, Finland.

Ram, P., Ram, A., Holzmann, J., & Sprague, C., (2007). A cognitive model of problem-based learning and its application to educational software design. Paper presented at the IADIS International Conference on E-Learning, Lisbon, Portugal.

Rampell, C. (2010). College enrollment rate at record high. New York Times, April 28, 2010. Retrieved from

Rashdall, H. (1895). The universities of europe in the middle ages: Salerno. Bologna. Paris. Volume 1 of The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Oxford, UK: The Clarendon Press. Retrieved from

RE:START. (2008). RE:START – The Center for Adult Education: Organizational profile 2008-2009. Unpublished document for application to the Tennessee Center for Performance Excellence Award.

RE:START. (2010). RE:START website. Retrieved from

READ. (2005, October). Reading Education for Adult Development (READ) of Chattanooga, Inc. Organizational profile. Unpublished document for application to the Tennessee Center for Performance Excellence Award.

Redden, E. (2007). An academic revolution. Inside Higher Ed, posted July 7, 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from

Ricardo, D. (1817). On the principles of political economy and taxation. London: John Murray. from

Richland, L. E., Bjork, R. A., Finley, J. R., & Linn, M. C. (2005). Linking cognitive science to education: Generation and interleaving effects. In B. G. Bara, L. Barsalou and M. Bucciarelli (Eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (PP. 1850-1855). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Retrieved from

Riley, N. S. (2011). The faculty lounges, and other reasons why you won't get the college education you pay for. Lanham, MD: Ivan R. Dee.

Rittel, H. W. J. & Webber, M. M. (1973). Dilemmas in a general theory of planning. Policy Sciences, 4(2), 155-169.

Rogers, E. (2003). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press.

Romer, P. (1993). Economic growth. In D. R. Henderson (Ed.), The Fortune encyclopedia of economics (pp. 183-189). New York: Warner Books.

Romer, P. M. (1990). Endogenous technological change (Part 2: The Problem of Development). The Journal of Political Economy, 98, S71-S102.

Romer, P. M. (2007). Economic growth. In R. Henderson (Ed.), The concise encyclopedia of economics. Indianapolis, IN: Library of Economics and Liberty. Retrieved August 21, 2011 from the World Wide Web:

Roos, J., Roos, G., Dragonetti, N. C., & Edvinsson, L. (1998). Intellectual capital: Navigating in the new business landscape. New York University Press.

Rost, J. C. (1993). Leadership for the twenty-first century. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Rothman, J. & Thomas, E. J. (Eds.) (1994.) Intervention research: Design and development for the human service. Binghampton, NY: Hampton Press.

Rothman, S., Kelly-Woessner, A. & Woessner, M. (2011). The still divided academy: How competing visions of power, politics, and diversity complicate the mission of higher education. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Rotter, J. B. (1990). Internal versus external control of reinforcement: A case history of a variable. American Psychologist, 45: 489–93.

Rotter, J.B. (1954). Social learning and clinical psychology. New York: Prentice-Hall.

Rowland, S. (2002). Overcoming fragmentation in professional life: The challenge for academic development. Higher Education Quarterly, 56(1), pp. 52–64.

Russell, A.L. (2006). ‘Rough consensus and running code’ and the Internet-OSI standards war. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 28(3), 48 – 61.

Russell, B. (1911). Knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, XI (1910-1911), 108-128.

Ryan, R. M. & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55: 68-78.

Ryle, G. (1946). Knowing how and knowing that: The presidential address. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 46(1945-1946), 1-16. Retrieved from

Ryle, G. (2002). The concept of mind. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. (Original work published in 1949)

^ Back to Top ^


Safford. S. (2009). Why the garden club couldn't save Youngstown: the transformation of the Rust Belt. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Salomon, G. (1993). No distribution without individuals’ cognition. In G. Salomon (Ed.), Distributed cognitions: Psychological and educational considerations (pp. 111-138). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sansone, C., & Harackiewicz, J.M. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: The search for optimal motivation and performance. New York: Academic Press.

Saxenian, A. (1994). Regional advantage: Culture and competition in Silicon Valley and route 128. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Scarlett, K. (2008). What is engagement? Retrieved from

Scherberger, H., Jarvis, M. & Andersen, R. (2005). Cortical local field potential encodes movement intentions in the posterior parietal cortex. Neuron, 46(2): 347-354

School of General Studies. (2011). History. New York: Columbia University.

Schrecker, E. (2010). The lost soul of higher education: Corporatization, the assault on academic freedom, and the end of the American university. The New Press.

Schumpeter, J. A. (1976). Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (5th ed.). New York: Harper and Brothers. (Original published in 1942)

Schunk, D. H. (2008). Learning theories: An educational perspective (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Merrill/Prentice Hall.

Schwartz, J. (2005) The balanced scorecard versus total quality management: Which is better for your organization? Military Medicine.  October 2005. Retrieved 11/10/2008 from

Schwartz, P. (1996). The art of the long view. New York, NY: Doubleday. (Original published in 1991)

Schwartz, S. K. (2009). Beyond the degree: The skills employers want. (website). Posted January 9, 2006. Retrieved from

Schwarzer, R. (2009). Website.

Searle, J. (1995). The construction of social reality. New York, NY: Free Press.

Seidman, I. (1998). Interviewing as qualitative research: A guide for researchers in education and the social sciences (2 ed.). New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Sen, A. K. (1988). The concept of development. In H. Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (Eds.), Handbook of development economics (Vol. 1, pp. 9-26). Amsterdam: North Holland.

Sen, A. K. (1999). Development as freedom. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Senge, P. M. (1990) The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization. London: Random House.

Senge, P. M. (1992). The fifth discipline. New York: Doubleday.

Senge, P. M. (1994). The fifth discipline (Revised ed.). New York: Currency Doubleday.

Senge, P. M. (2006). The fifth discipline (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Currency Doubleday.

Seymour, E., Wiese, D., Hunter, A. & Daffinrud, S. (1997). Student assessment of learning gains (SALG) CAT. Retrieved from

Shah, D. V., Cho, J., William P. Eveland, W. P., Jr., & Kwak, N. (2005). Information and expression in a digital age: Modeling internet effects on civic participation. Communication Research, 32(5), 531-565

Shannon, C. E. & Weaver, W. (1949). The mathematical theory of communication. Urbana, IL: The University of Illinois Press.

Sheeran, P., Webb, T. L., Gollwitzer, P. M. (2005). The Interplay between goal intentions and implementation intentions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31(1): 87-98

Shinagel, M. (2009). “The gates unbarred”: A history of University Extension at Harvard, 1910-2009. Harvard University Press.

Shirky, C. (2008). Here comes everybody: The power of organizing without organizations. New York, NY: The Penguin Press.

Shoaf, C., Genaidy, A., Karwowski, W., & Huang, S. H. (2004) Improving performance and quality of working life: A model for organizational health assessment in emerging enterprises. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing. 14(1): 81–95. Retrieved from

Simon, H. (1976), Administrative behavior: A study of decision-making processes in administrative organizations (3rd ed.). New York: The Free Press. (Original work published in 1947)

Simon, H. (1991). Bounded rationality and organizational learning. Organization Science, 2(1), 125–134.

Sines, V. J. (2009). Why traditional colleges and universities are becoming extinct. Associated content from Yahoo! Posted September 14, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2010, from

Smart, J. C., Feldman, K. A., & Ethington, C. A. (2000). Academic disciplines: Holland's theory and the study of college students and faculty, Vanderbilt issues in higher education. Vanderbilt University Press, 2000.

Smith, A. (1904). An inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of nations (5th ed., E. Cannan, Ed.). London: Methuen and Co., Ltd. Retrieved from (Original work published in 1776)

Smith, F. (1998). The book of learning and forgetting. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Smith, M. K. (2003). Introduction to informal education. The encyclopedia of informal education. Retrieved from

Soliya. (2003). Results. Retrieved from

Solow, R. M. (1993). The Fortune encyclopedia of economics (pp. 838-839). New York, NY: Warner Books.

Spender, J. C. & Grant, R. M. (1996). Knowledge and the firm: overview. Strategic Management Journal, Winter Special Issue 17: 5–10.

Spring, J. (1997). The American school: 1642-1996, 4th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies

Star, S. L. (1999). The ethnography of infrastructure. American Behavioral Scientist, 43(3): 377-391.

Steinfield, C. (2004). Explaining the underutilization of business-to-business e-commerce in geographically defined business clusters: The role of social capital. In M. Huysman & V. Wulf (Eds.), Social Capital and Information Technology (pp. 21-51). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Stewart, T. A. (1997). Intellectual capital: the new wealth of organizations. Doubleday/Currency.

Stewart, T. A. (1999). Intellectual capital: The new wealth of organizations. New York: Doubleday.

Stigler, G. (1961). The economics of information. Journal of Political Economy, 69(3), 213-225.

Storper, M. (1997). The regional world: Territorial development in a global economy.  London and New York: Guilford Press.

Sun Tzu. (2003). The art of war (L. Giles, Trans.). D. Galvin (Ed.), New York, NY: Barnes & Noble Classics. (Original published in 1910)

Supply Chain Council. (2008). Supply-chain operations reference-model: SCOR overview (Version 9.0). Cypress, TX: Supply Chain Council. Retrieved from

Surowiecki, J. (2004). The wisdom of crowds: Why the many are smarter than the few and how collective wisdom shapes business, economies, societies and nations. New York, NY: Little-Brown.

Swanson, E.B. 1994, Information systems innovation among organizations.  Management Science, 40(9): 1069-1086.

Syrjänen, A-L. & Kuutti, K. (2004). Trust, acceptance, and alignment: The role of IT in redirecting a community. In M. Huysman & V. Wulf (Eds.), Social Capital and Information Technology (pp. 21-51). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

systems design. (n.d.) Wikipedia. Retrieved from

^ Back to Top ^


Tainter, J. (1988). The collapse of complex societies. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Tapscott, D. & Ticoll, D. (2003). The naked corporation: How the age of openness will revolutionize business. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

Tapscott, D. & Williams, A. D. (2006). Wikinomics: How mass collaboration changes everything. London and New York, NY: Penguin Group.

Taylor, M. C. (2010). Crisis on campus: A bold plan for reforming our colleges and universities. Knopf.

Taylor, S. & Todd, P. A. (1995). Understanding information technology usage: A test of competing models.  Information Systems Research, 6(2), 144-176.

technology. (n.d.a). The American heritage dictionary of the English language (4th ed.). Retrieved from

technology. (n.d.b). unabridged (v 1.1). Retrieved from

The SIGMA Project. (2001-2006). SIGMA principles: The SIGMA principles at a glance. Retrieved from

Thomas, B., Sussman, S. W., & Henderson, J. C. (2001). Understanding “strategic learning”: Linking organizational learning, knowledge management, and sensemaking. Organization Science, 12(3): 331–345.

Thomas, D. & Brown, J. S. (2011). A new culture of learning: Cultivating the imagination for a world of constant change. Charleston, SC, and Seattle, WA: CreateSpace.

Thong, J. Y. & Yap, C. S. (1995). CEO characteristics, organizational characteristics, and information technology adoption in small businesses.  Omega: International Journal of Management Science, 23, 429-42.

Thorstein, V. (1912). Theory of the leisure class: An economic study of institutions. New York: McMillan Company.

Tomasello, M., Carpenter, M., Call, J., Behne, T., & Moll, H. (2005). Understanding and sharing intentions: The origins of cultural cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 28(5): 675-691.

Tomer, John F (1987). Organizational capital: The path to higher productivity and well-being. New York: Praeger Publishers.

Tonnies, F. (1925). The concept of Gemeinschaft. In W. J. Cahnman & R. Heberle (Eds.), Ferdinand Tonnies on sociology: Pure, applied and empirical. Selected writings (pp. 62-72). University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Tress, B. & Tress, G. (2003). Scenario visualisation for participatory landscape planning, a study from Denmark. Landscape and Urban Planning, 64(3), 161-178. Retrieved from

Tsacoumis, S. (2007). Assessment centers. In D. L. Whetzel and G. R. Wheaton (Eds.), Applied measurement: Industrial psychology in human resources management (pp. 259 – 292). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Tuckman, B. (1965). Developmental sequence in small groups. Psychological Bulletin, 63(6), 384-399.

Twigg, C. (2003). Improving learning and reducing costs: new models for online learning. EDUCASE Review. Retrieved from

Tytler, R. & Prain, V. (2010). A framework for re-thinking learning in science from recent cognitive science perspectives. International Journal of Science Education, 32(15), 2055-2078.

^ Back to Top ^


University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, University Relations. (2008, December). UTC earns Carnegie Community Engagement classification. Retrieved from

University of Wisconsin-Extension. (2010). History of UW-Extension. University of Wisconsin. Retrieved from

^ Back to Top ^


valence. (n.d.). unabridged (v 1.1). Retrieved from

van der Spek, R. & Spijkervet, A. (1997). Knowledge management: Dealing intelligently with knowledge. In Liebowitz & L.Wilcox (Eds.), Knowledge Management and Its Intergrative Elements. New York: CRC Press.

Vedder, R. (2010). The Delta Cost Project report and true reform. The Chronicle Review (website), posted July 9, 2010. Retrieved from

vision. (n.d.) The American heritage dictionary of the English language (4th ed.). Retrieved from

Von Hippel, E. (1988). The sources of innovation. Oxford University Press. Retrieved from

von Krogh, G., Roos J., & Slocum K. (1994). An essay on corporate epistemology. Strategic Management Journal, Summer Special Issue, 15: 53–71.

Voosen, D. & Conneely, P. (2005). Building learning communities. Alexandria, VA: ASTD Press.

Vygotsky, L. (1978). Interaction between learning and development. In Mind and Society (pp.79-91). Cambridge, MA: Harvard university Press.

Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes (M. Cole, Trans.). London: Harvard University Press.

^ Back to Top ^


W. Edwards Deming. (2009, October 27). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Waldrop, M. M. (1992). Complexity: The emerging science at the edge of order and chaos. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Walzer, N. & Deller, S. (1996). Rural issues and trends: The role of strategic visioning. In N. Walzer (Ed.), Community strategic visioning programs (pp. 1-20). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Walzer, N. (Ed.), (1996). Community strategic visioning programs. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Weaver, W. & Shannon, C. (1963). The mathematical theory of communication. University of Illinois Press.

Webb, N. M. (1983). Predicting learning from student interaction: Defining the interaction variables. Educational Psychologist, 18, 33-41.

Webber, A.M. (1999). Learning for a change. Fast Company, 24, 178-188.

Webler, T. & Tuler, S. (2001). Public participation in watershed management planning: Views on process from people in the field. Human Ecology Review, 8(2), 29-39. Retrieved from,2,2001.pdf#page=33.

Weick, K. E. & Roberts, K. H. (1996). Collective mind in organizations: Heedful interrelating on flight decks. In M. D. Cohen & L. S. Sproull (Eds.), Organizational learning, Organization Science series (pp. 330-358). New York, NY: Sage.

Weick, K. E. (1995). Sensemaking in organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Weimer, M. (2002).  Learner-centered teaching: fiver key changes to practice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Weintraub, E. R. (1993). Neoclassical economics. In The Fortune encyclopedia of economics (pp. 135-138). New York: Warner Books.

Weislogel, E. (2008). The transdisciplinary imperative. Global spiral. Metanexus Institute (website). Posted December 12, 2008. Retrieved from

Wenger, E. (2006). Communities of practice: A brief introduction. Retrieved from

Wenger, E., McDermott, R. & Snyder, W. M. (2002). Cultivating communities of practice. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press.

Wenger, E., Trayner, B. & de Laat, M. (2011). Promoting and assessing value creation in communities and networks: a conceptual framework. Rapport 18. The Netherlands: Ruud de Moor Centrum, Open Universiteit. Retrieved from

Wheatley, M.  (1994).  Leadership and the new science: learning about organization from an orderly universe.  San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Wheaton, D. L. & Wetzel, G. R. (2007). Contexts for developing applied measurement instruments. In D. L. Whetzel and G. R. Wheaton (Eds.), Applied measurement: Industrial psychology in human resources management (pp. 1 – 12). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Wikipedia. (n.d.). Attractor. Retrieved from

Wildavsky, A. (1987). Speaking truth to power: The art and craft of policy analysis. Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Wildavsky, B., Kelly, A. P. & Carey, K. (2011). Conclusion. In B. Wildavsky, A. P. Kelly & K. Carey (Eds.), Reinventing higher education: The promise of innovation (pp. 239-246). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.

Wildavsky, B., Kelly, A. P. & Carey, K. (Eds.). (2011). Reinventing higher education: The promise of innovation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.

Williamson, O. E. (1981). The economics of organization: The transaction cost approach. American Journal of Sociology. 87, 548-577.

Williamson, O. E. (2000). The new institutional economics: Taking stock, looking ahead. Journal of Economic Literature, 38, 595-613.

Wilson, F. (2009). John Stuart Mill. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Spring 2009 ed.). Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Information. Retrieved from

Wilson, T. D. (2002). The nonsense of ‘knowledge management’. Information Research, 8(1). Retrieved

Womack, J. P. & Jones, D. T. (2003). Lean thinking: Banish waste and create wealth in your corporation. Simon and Schuster.

Woody, T. (1949). Life and education in early societies. New York, NY: The MacMillan Company.

World café design principles. (n.d.). Retrieved from

World Cafe, The. (n.d.).World café method. The World Café website.

World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Our common future. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. New York, NY: United Nations. Retrieved from

Wurdinger, S. D. & Carlson, J. A. (2010). Teaching for experiential learning: Five approaches that work. New York, NY: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

^ Back to Top ^


Yin, R. K. (1994). Case study research: Design and methods (2nd ed). Applied Social Research Methods Series, Volume 5. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Young, J. (2010). Bill Gates predicts technology will make place-based colleges less important. Chronicle of Higher Education Blog, posted August 9, 2010. Retrieved from

Young, J. O. (2008). The coherence theory of truth. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2008 ed.). Stanford, CA: Center for the Study of Language and Information. Retrieved from

Youtie, J. & Shapira, P. (2008). Building an innovation hub: A case study of the transformation of university roles in regional technological and economic development. Research Policy, 37: 1188-1204.

Youtie, J., Shapira, P. & Laudeman, G. (2007). Supply, Demand and ICT-based Services: A Local Level Perspective. Telecommunications Policy, 31: 347-358.

^ Back to Top ^


Zaccaro, S. J. (2007). Trait-based perspectives of leadership. American Psychologist, 62, 6-16.

Zelizer, R. (Ed.). (2011). Making the university matter. Routledge.

Zemsky, R. (2009). Making reform work: The case for transforming american higher education. Rutgers University Press.

Zohar, D. & Marshall, I. (2004). Spiritual capital: Wealth we can live by. Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.