Maltby House or the Henry Maltby House, 216 East Church St., Oxford, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. The web site of the Ohio Historic Preservation Office (OHPO) of the Ohio Historical Society says the house "is the best example of Greek Revival architecture in Oxford and serves as an important link to the community's predominately Presbyterian heritage."
OHPO says "few examples of buildings with Greek Revival design exist in Oxford, since the prevailing architectural style from the 1820s to the 1870s was a basic two-story rectangular house executed in brick or wood. Only three buildings exemplify the Greek Revival movement; the Seminary Presbyterian Church ,1838, the Henry Maltby House, ca. 1852, and the Langstroth Cottage, ca. 1856."
OHPO says "with five flourishing educational institutions in the 1850s, Oxford became a center of advanced learning. All of these schools, including one state college, three secondary female academies and one religious seminary were dominated by Presbyterian faculty, Presbyterian interests and divided Presbyterian doctrine, and Henry Maltby was a key figure in the blossoming religious, educational and cultural activities of the young community. The Rev. Henry Maltby was born at Paris, New York, Oct. 5, 1806. He studied in Hanover College, New York, and later moved to Kentucky where he organized a boarding school at Flemingsburg. He preached at Lousiville, Ky., and Cincinnati and moved to Oxford in 1848 where he remained as pastor of the First (and Third) Presbyterian Church until 1856. He helped to found Oxford Female Institute, one of Oxford's three mid-19th century secondary female academies."