Long & Allsatter Co. began in the mid 1850s, according to Stephen D. Cone in his 1901 book, A Concise History of Hamilton. "In February 1854 Peter Black purchased the Tobias lot at the northeast corner of Water and Stable streets [later renamed Monument Avenue and Market Street], where he erected a large establishment for the manufacturer of plows, axes and edge tools," relying on water power from the Hamilton Hydraulic. Cone said "this was the nucleus for the extensive Long, Black & Allstatter shops." "In 1855-56 John M. Long, a machinist, was foreman in the old Owens, Lane & Dyer shops," Cone wrote. "Robert Allstatter was a file cutter and in 1854 was in that business with Peter Scheisman. In July 1856, the firm of Long, Black & Allstatter was organized. They began with scarcely any other capital than strong arms, health and energy and the determination to succeed." Cone said "the sale of their iron harvester the first year was small as they were built merely for a test. In 1858 they sold 65 machines; in 1859, 300; and in 1860, 800. The manufacture of two-horse corn drills and feed cutters was begun in 1860. Although the Civil War affected their business slightly, yet larger quarters were needed in 1863, when the old Hamilton and Rossville Female Academy of Nathan Furman at the southeast corner of Water and Market streets [later the city hall at Monument and Market] was purchased for $2,500. In addition to this, a large vacant lot at the southeast corner of North Front and Dayton streets was utilized in conducting their expanding and extensive business. The manufacture of hay rakes was begun in 1863. The same year 800 of their famous Iron Harvesters were sold."
Cone said the company needed to expand and in the spring of 1873 started building a complex of shops at northeast corner of High and North Fourth streets [400 High Street], expanding to three acres by 1900. (Also see Cosmopolitan Arms Co., also known as Gwyn & Campbell Co., formerly at the same location.) The company had a series of ownership and business changes in the 1870s.
Peter Black's interest was purchased by John M. Long and Robert Allstatter in 1870. Four years later, Cone said Charles E. McBeth, "of the Bentel & Margedant Co., was taken into the partnership, he being a master machinist and a thorough business man." The business incorporated as Long & Allstatter in 1878 with John M. Long as president. Cone said in 1873 "the manufacture of harvesters was dispensed with" and "the manufacture of plows and cultivators was taken up and the punching and shearing machine business was greatly increased." The Hamilton centennial history, published in 1891, said "in 1881 the sickle business had grown greatly, the concern being the second largest in the business," making about 50,000 a year, but soon sold that part of the business. "The punching and shearing machines have been kept up to the highest notch and the concern is now the acknowledged leader in the world," said the 1891 history. "The establishment now makes about 7,000 cultivators; 9,000 horse rakes; and 200 punching and shearing machines a year," plus other products. Robert Allstatter was born in Germany May 18, 1834, and came to the United States with his parents two years later, living in Cincinnati, Jacksonburg and Hamilton. At 15, he went to Chicago where he learned the machinist trade and attended business school at night. He returned to Hamilton six years later.
He retired in the 1889 and died Jan. 5, 1907.
John M. Long was born in Germany Oct. 14, 1825, and came to the United States with his parents in 1836. He moved to Hamilton in 1854. He was president of the Long & Allstatter Co. when he died June 29, 1901. Long & Allstatter was still listed at 400 High Street in the 1929-30 Williams City Directory for Hamilton, described as "manufacturers of punches, shears and hammers." The 1935-36 city directory listed a bankruptcy trustee for the Long & Allstatter Co. In the 1935-36 directory, 400 High Street, occupying the entire block between North Fourth and Fifth streets, and bounded on the north by Butler Street, between the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad on the west and the Pennsylvania Railroad on the east, was reported as vacant. It was still vacant in the 1938-39 directory.
Columbia Machine Tool Co., had been incorporated in December 1916, and was located on Fairgrove Avenue (Ohio 4, Hamilton-Middletown Road) opposite the Butler County Fairgrounds.
The 1933-34 directory listed five companies at 1900 Fairgrove Avenue: Columbia Machine Tool Co., F. E. Goldsmith, president; Ceramic Machinery Co., incorporated Nov. 22, 1907, also with Goldsmith as president; Columbia Mixers Corp.; Midwest Locomotive Works; and Sterling Machine Co. In the same directory, F. E. Goldsmith was listed as the treasurer of the Long & Allstatter Co. Other officers were Frank B. Yingling, president; D. Paul Long, vice president; and Louis A. Pfau, secretary. The 1939 city directory listed four companies at 400 High Street: Columbia Machine Tool Co.; Columbia Mixers Corp.; Ceramic Machinery Co.; and Midwest Locomotive Works. Columbia Machine Tool Co., (organized in 1910) Frank B. Yingling, president, was described as "machinery manufacturers." By 1944, it was the Columbia Machinery & Enginering Corp., incorporated Feb. 6, 1942, with new officers, whose business was "designers and builders of standard and special machinery." In 1947, it was described as "designers and builders of special machinery, shears, press brakes, hydraulic presses." Dec. 21, 1953, Columbia merged with the Lodge & Shipley Co. of Cincinnati. The Dec. 22, 1953, Journal-News said "Columbia makes power squaring shears, power press brakes and metal forming and hydraulic presses. The newly formed company plans to expand into the rapidly growing non-metal working industries." The 1954 directory listed the operation as the Columbia Division of the Lodge & Shipley Co. Of Cincinnati. Later, it was known as the Hamilton Division, "designers and builders of special machinery, shears, brakes and hydraulic presses." The company announced plans to move its Hamilton operations to Cincinnati in 1956. Friday, Feb. 13, 1959, the Journal-News reported "heavy demolition work was started at the Lodge & Shipley plant." The report said "the front section of the property, extending along High Street between Fourth and Fifth streets is to be cleared for a 256-space off-street city parking lot." The city had paid $200,000 for the tract. "The northern section of the property, extending along Butler Street, was purchased by the Champion Paper & Fibre Co. And is being used for industrial purposes." In 1960, 400 High Street was listed as vacant. The entire site eventually became a municipal parking lot.