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Junction Railroad

Junction Railroad also was known at various times as the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Indianapolis and the Cincinnati, Indianapolis & Western. From east to west in Butler County, the Junction had stops or stations at Hamilton, Edgewood, Belt Jct., Midway, Hanover, McGonigle, Woods, Ogleton, Oxford, McDonald and College Corner. Indiana points included liberty, Connersville, Rushville and Indianapolis. Later it extended west to Dana, Ind., and Tuscola, Decatur and Springfield in Illinois. The Junction Railroad was incorporated Feb. 18, 1848, in Ohio, and March 8, 1849, in Indiana. Construction started in September 1853 on the 19.5-mile mainline between Hamilton, Oxford and College Corner at the Ohio-Indiana line. An engineering challenge was bridging the Great Miami River and climbing the steep Rossville hill (between present South C and South D streets). In 1853 John S. Earhart designed a high bridge about 700 feet in length and a 665-foot, 17-arch viaduct, known as the Arches (see separate entry). June 4, 1859, the railroad opened between Hamilton and Oxford. It was completed to Connersville in 1866 and reached Indianapolis in 1869. The Junction was sold to the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad and renamed the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Indianapolis (CH&I). Aug. 1, 1902, the CH&I combined with the Indiana, Decatur & Western (extending to Springfield, Ill.) under a new name, the Cincinnati, Indianapolis & Western (CI&W). In 1917, with its parent company (the CH&D, the CI&W was purchased by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. It later became part of the Chessie System and CSX. (See Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad and the Four Mile Valley Railroad.)
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