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Greenville Treaty Line

Greenville Treaty Line -- set by the Aug. 3, 1795, Treaty of Greenville -- ran northeast from the Ohio River opposite the mouth of the Kentucky River (at Carrollton, Ky.) to Fort Recovery in Mercer County, and then east along the southern part of Mercer and Auglaize counties to the Great Miami River in Logan County. The area ceded by the Indians included parts of the Ohio counties of Hamilton, Butler, Montgomery, Miami and Shelby; all of Preble and Darke counties in Ohio; and parts of the present Indiana counties of Switzerland, Dearborn, Franklin, Union and Wayne. Section 3 of the treaty said: "The general boundary line between the lands of the United States, and the lands of the said Indian tribes, shall begin at the mouth of Cayahoga [Cuyahoga] river, and run thence up the same to the portage between that and the Tuscarawas branch of the Muskingum; thence down that branch to the crossing place above Fort Lawrence; then westerly to a fork of that branch of the Great Miami river running into the Ohio, at or near which fork stood Loromie's store, and where commences the portage between the Miami of the Ohio, and St. Mary's River, which is a branch of the Miami, which runs into Lake Erie; thence a westerly course to Fort Recovery, which stands on a branch of the Wabash; then south-westerly in a direct line to the Ohio, so as to intersect that river opposite the mouth of Kentucke [Kentucky] or Cuttawa river. And in consideration of the peace now established; of the goods formerly received from the United States; of those now to be delivered, and of the yearly delivery of goods now stipulated to be made hereafter, and to indemnify the United States for the injuries and expenses they have sustained during the war; the said Indian tribes do hereby cede and relinquish forever, all their claims to the lands lying eastwardly and southwardly of the general boundary line now described; and these lands, or any part of them, shall never hereafter be made a cause or pretence, on the part of the said tribes or any of them, of war or injury to the United States, or any of the people thereof." (See Treaty of Greenville Treaty, Miami Purchase, Fort Washington, Harmar's defeat, Fort Hamilton, St. Clair's defeat, Fort Recovery, Kekionga, Fallen Timbers and the Gore.)


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