German Township is in Montgomery County, opposite the northeast corner of Butler County (Madison Twp.). The 1882 Montgomery County history says: "This rich and populous district is situated in the southwest corner of Montgomery County. It adjoins on its west side Preble County, on its south side Butler and Warren counties, on the east Miami Township, and on the north Jackson and Jefferson townships. . . . "
When the county was formed in 1803, "German Twp. included all of the territory west of the Miami River to the state line, parallel to and two or three miles south of the present southern boundary of Miami County." Alterations to boundaries were ordered in 1805, 1806, 1809, 1814 and 1831. The 1882 history said: "Big Twin Creek divides German Twp. into two nearly equal parts, passing across its territory from northwest to southeast. . . . This township is well watered, having many fine spring, and a number of good streams, among which are the two Twins, Shawnee Creek, Dry Run and Mud Lick. . . .
"Twin Valley derives its name from two streams, one of which is called Big Twin. and the other Little Twin, and the junction of these streams into one at Germantown has given them the name of Twins. From Germantown, the united stream continues in its course southward for the distance of about six miles, and then empties into the Miami River." The 1882 history says: "German Twp. has had two classes of settlers, who have succeeded one another, the first of whom were the squatters, who remained but a few years; and the second the pioneers, who stayed and became the permanent occupants of the soil. The squatter period begins with the year 1798, and ends with the year 1804. Previous to the fGilmore Ponds Interpretive PreserveGerman Village Historic Districtormer period, the Indians held undisputed sway in the Twin Valley, and lingered here with fond attachments even after encroaching civilization had robbed them of their means of support. As late as 1804, the Shawnees had a town on Shawnee Creek, on land now adjoining Sunsbury, from which tribe that stream takes its name . . . ." "The first white settlers came to this township in the year 1798, from Kentucky, but they were not all natives of that state; perhaps but few of them were. Some were natives of Pennsylvania, others of Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina. preserved. . . . These, as soon as circumstances permitted or necessity impelled, moved away and made room for those who became actual settlers. The land upon which Germantown was subsequently laid out was entered and owned by James Hatfield and Robert Hardin, who sold it to Philip Gunckel in the year 1804, at the price of $10 per acre." The 1882 history continued: "The second class of settlers have sometimes become the permanent occupants and owners of the soil, and this happened to be the case in German Township. But in many instances, these have again sold out, and a third class only have come to remain. "The first of the second class of settlers were principally from Berks County, Pa., who, later, were reinforced from the same and other states. . . . The people who came to this valley between the years 1804 and 1808 were with perhaps a few exceptions, natives of Germany, or of German descent, most of them belonging to the latter class hailing from Pennsylvania, while a few came from Maryland and other states: but wherever they came from, they were all of the same stock of people, and may all be ranked under the general category of Pennsylvania Germans." (See Montgomery County, Sunbury and Germantown.)