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Fairfield Township

Fairfield Township was one of the five original townships established in Butler County May 10, 1803, by a court of quarter sessions, including James Dunn, John Greer and John Kitchel. The other original townships were Liberty, Lemon, St. Clair and Ross. "Fairfield was the only one of the five original townships that was not changed" when additional townships were formed, according to Mrs. Alta Harvey Heiser. "This township was named from the beauty of its fields," said the 1875 county atlas. In the mid 1990s, Hamilton planned to annex and develop 1,037 acres. The plan fell through after a bitter political and legal battle. To stop Hamilton from annexing the tract, including the 349-acre Rentschler farm, Fairfield Township trustees voted Sept. 29, 1994, to incorporate as the City of Indian Springs under special state legislation. The change was effective Dec. 28, 1994, but an Aug. 9, 1995, court ruling reversed the action. The City of Indian Springs became Fairfield Township again. (Also see Walden Ponds.)

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