We are not diving into the grammatical nomenclature. If you like, feel free though; there's a lot to find when you start googlin'. Our purpose is to improve our sentence building skills. For this we will have to start listen and read to English texts be it on tv, video, magazines or whatever: immerse yourself in English sounds and written texts. Doing this we will slowly improve our understanding of the word-order in english sentences which is pretty different from -for example- all the Latin languages. Just to have a tiny bit of quasi grammar, see the 3 collumns below which shows 3 different types of sentences. NB.: Compound ánd Complex sentences are not necessarily longer than Simple sentences!
Most simple verb + subject. Try to enlarge the sentence by adding adjectives, nouns, prepositions and adverbs. A nice tool to train this with is Telescopic Text, which you can also find at this site.
Peter is singing.
Ellen reads a book.
They biked to the beach.
On Saturdays they always bike together to the wonderfull beach close to their house.
Just ad a simple conjunction ["and," "but," "or," "nor," "for," "so," or "yet"] to improve your sentence constructing skills.
Harry walks and looks around.
I read but I'm tired.
Peter is singing but he is sad.
Ellen reads a book and is making notes.
We study hard so we will become clever!
It rains hard, yet they bike to the beach.
For the experts! First try to identify these sentences by finding the conjunctions ["after," "although," "as," "because," "before," "how," "if," "once," "since," "than," "that," "though," "till," "until," "when," "where," "whether," and "while."] , after that try to find the different parts of the sentence and...after that try to make one yourself
Harry always walks after having a good meal.
I'm reading although I'm very tired.
Peter is singing while he's doing the dishes.
I don't care whether Ellen reads a book or not!
If we study hard, we will pass our exams.
They biked to the beach while I stayed home.