 Notes, online textbooks, articles and glossaries
 My own notes plus some other things I found interesting.
 Slides for an Introductory Biostatistics course I teach.
 Resources for SPSS users.
 Resources for Stata users.
 Resources for useRs (i.e., users of R).
 Free online file converter. This tool uses the rio package for R. At the time of this writing, it included the following formats: CSV, Excel 2007 or later, JSON, R, SAS (CSV + SAS code), SPSS, Stata & tabdelimited.
 Statistics & epidemiology resources for medical students & clinicians.
 Links for students in Health Research Methodology (HRM) courses (at McMaster University):
 HRM743: Metaanalysis & Systematic Reviews.
 HRM751: Observational & Analytic Research Methods.
 Online statistics textbooks and reference manuals. This is a very comprehensive list compiled by John C. Pezzulo,
Associate Professor in the Departments of Pharmacology and
Biostatistics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. Includes links
to:
 Handbook of Biological Statistics, by John H. MacDonald, University of Delaware.
 R Companion for the Handbook of Biological Statistics, by Salvatore S. Mangiafico.
 Applied statistics textbooks (online) from LibreTexts.
 Broadening Your Statistical Horizons (BYSH): Generalized Linear Models and Multilevel Models. This online book is "intended to be accessible to undergraduate students who have successfully completed a regression course." (For other books, see the bookdown.org archive.)
 A biologist's guide to statistical thinking and analysis. This nice chapter is part of WormBook.
 Statistics by Jim. A statistics blog by Jim Frost, who works for a "major statistical software company". (He doesn't say which company, but he also posts on the Minitab Blog. I leave you to draw your own conclusions.)
 Principals, Properties & Assumptions of Statistical Methods. These short summaries were extracted from a statistics course for biologists by Bob Brightwell and Bob Dransfield.
 Karl Wuensch's Statistical Resources.
 Lesa Hoffman's website. See especially:
 Cal Garbin's Resource Archive. Dr. Garbin is a Psychology Professor at University of Nebraska, Lincoln (UNL). His Resource Archive includes "statistical handouts and examples that might be helpful".
 Jonathan Templin's statistics course materials  click on Course Websites and select a topic.
 Mike Clark's course materials  for stats courses he taught in the Psychology Dept at University of North Texas. Mike's current website can be viewed here.
 Statistics FAQs from UCLA's Institute for Digital Research and Education. Includes general FAQs and FAQs geared to particular statistical software packages.
 The Analysis Factor. Check out this nice statistics blog founded by Karen GraceMartin.
 Statistical Horizons Blog. Includes posts by Paul Allison, Andrew Hayes, Kristopher Preacher, and others.
 The Data & Decision Lab, Department of Psychology, University of Montana.
 Statistics Learning Centre Videos. Short videos on a range of statistical topics. I've only viewed a couple (one on confidence intervals, and one on hypothesis testing), and thought the material was explained very clearly. Unfortunately, the video on hypothesis testing directed viewers to use Excel to perform the analysis. Using Excel for serious statistical analysis is not recommended. See the following pages, for example. Gnumeric is a better alternative, for those who insist on using a spreadsheet.
 Statistics FAQ from the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit. (Several of the items address questions about SPSS.)
 Online Statistics: A Multimedia Course of Study.
This is an introductorylevel statistics book. The material is
presented both as a standard textbook and as a multimedia presentation.
The book features interactive demonstrations and simulations, case
studies, and an analysis lab.
 Notes for Research Methods and Statistics PESS202, from the School of Psychology, University of New England.
 Interactive Web Apps. These nice apps have graphs that update with clicks on buttons or sliders. Each explores a different statistical topic and allows results to be saved. Topics include: Exploratory analysis, regression, distributions, sampling distributions, one sample, two samples, and resampling.
 Biostatistics links from GraphPad.com:
 Carl Schwarz's homepage.
Carl is from the Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science at
Simon Fraser University in BC, Canada. His page has links to some great
resources for statistics students, including course notes and practice questions. Stat201 (formerly called Stat301) may be of most interest to students in introductory stats classes.
 Measures of Effect Size
 Psychometrica.de  A nice page with notes & calculators for many common measures of effect size
 Psychological Statistics: Notes for an introductory stats course by M. Plonsky, University of Wisconsin  Stevens Point.
 Fundamental Statistics: An online textbook written by Bryan Burnham. It provides an introduction to statistics that should be accessible to students enrolled in various scientific disciplines, but is geared primarily toward students in the behavioral sciences.
 Lecture Notes on Statistics and Data Analysis with Vista.
I don't know anything about Vista (which is some kind of compter
program), but the lecture notes look pretty good. They were developed
for introductory stats for psychology.
 Jason Newsom's page.
Includes links to notes on basic statistics, structural equation
modeling (SEM), and multilevel modeling. Also has data sets used for
examples.
 Statistical Methods for Research Workers, by Sir Ronald A Fisher. Part of the Classics in the History of Psychology page. Click here for the complete list of statistical & methodological books or articles.
 Design Resources Server. This page includes an ebook that is reminiscent of classic textbooks on various ANOVA (and related) designs. Thanks to the folks at the Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute for making these resources freely available.
 Richard Williams' page. Has links to pages for various stats courses (with lots of PDF files of notes).
 Visual Statistics with Multimedia.
 Modelling Categorical Data: Loglinear Models and Logistic Regression. Notes by Brendan Halpin, Dept of Government and Society, Limerick University, Ireland.
 Notes on Generalized Linear Models, by Germán Rodríguez, Princeton University.
 Regression Modeling Strategies, by Frank Harrell. See also Frank's book of the same name.
 Stat 501  Regression Methods. A great set of notes on regression methods reorganized and supplemented by Dr. Iain Pardoe, based on original notes by Drs. Laura Simon and Derek Young.
 Advanced Biostatistics Seminar on Model Selection. Thanks to Joe Cavanaugh for this nice set of notes.
 Phil Ender's class notes.
 Marie Davidian's class notes.
 Data Analysis dot Calm. Notes and manuscripts by Robert C. Gardner, Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario.
 Statistical resources from the Center for the Study of Health and Risk Behaviors, University of Washington.
 Dave Collett's homepage. Collett has authored books on time to event analysis and analysis of binary data. His wesite includes notes on:
 Multicollinearity. Multicollinearity is often treated as if it is always an extremely serious problem. Here are a couple of nice resources that offer a somewhat different view.
 Learning Modules from the Centre for Multilevel Modelling, University of Bristol.
 Multilevel Modeling  This website consolidates in one location multilevel modeling materials previously maintained on the various websites of textbook authors Ronald H. Heck (University of Hawaii at Manoa), Scott L. Thomas (Claremont Graduate University) and Lynn N. Tabata (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Content focuses on graduatelevel courses, seminars, presentations, resources, their published books, and topics of interest.
 Time Series for Macroeconomics and Finance. A free online textbook on time series analysis.
 Alan McLean's commentary on the hypothesis testing controversy. In April 2000, Alan McLean posted to one of the stats newsgroups a couple of messages concerning the hypothesis testing controversy.
I find his commentary to be very sensible and refreshing, which cannot
be said for much of what one reads concerning this topic.
 When does Correlation Imply Causation? Selected contributions from a discussion, on the EDSTAT list (and newsgroup sci.stat.edu), about the phrase "correlation does not imply causation". The opening post is by Dr. Karl Wuensch.
 The Analysis of Observations with Applications in Atmospheric Science.
An online texbook by William A. Cooper with chapters by Thomas W.
Schlatter,
Tzvi GalChen, and David B. Parsons. The primary objective of this text
is to provide a broad background in the methodology of experimental
research. Most areas are not covered in great depth, and it is expected
that it will be necessary for readers to delve deeper into topics like
spectral analysis or the techniques of fitting nonlinear parameters
before these will become comfortable tools. However, the course should
provide a good introduction to the range of approaches available, so
that an experimenter can then pursue applicable possibilities in more
depth.
 Concepts and Applications of Inferential Statistics. This is a free, fulllength, and occasionally interactive statistics textbook. It is a companion site of VassarStats, a website for statistical computation.
 Multivariate Statistics: A Practical Guide. A practical guide to the use of selected multivariate statistical techniques. Written by Mike Wulder, Research Scientist, Canadian Forest Service.
 Introduction to the Exploration of Multivariate Biological Data, by János Podani.
 Exploratory Factor Analysis  a book manuscript by Ledyard Tucker and Robert MacCallum.
 The Data Analysis BriefBook.
The BriefBook is a condensed handbook, or an extended glossary, written
in encyclopedic format, covering subjects in statistics, computing,
analysis, and related fields. It intends to be both introduction and
reference for data analysts, scientists and engineers.
 Virtual Laboratories in Probability and Statistics. Webbased resources for students and teachers of probability and statistics. Looks like a nice site.
 Health Statistics Tools of the Trade. Statistical Measurements, Data Analysis, Charts and Graphs, and Data Collection/Processing. Provided by the Pennsylvania Department of Health.
 Statistics glossary by Valerie J. Easton and John H. McColl.
 Regression Models for Discrete and Limited Dependent Variables. By Michael R. Frone, Research Institute on Addictions, Buffalo, New York.
 Ordination Methods for Ecologists. Includes a glossary
of ordinationrelated terms. The simplest definition [of ordination] is
"Putting Things in Order"; (Wartenberg et al. 1987, Peet et al. 1988,
Jackson and Somers 1991, Palmer 1993). The origin of the term
"ordination" in ecology is attributed to Goodall (1954).

StatSoft Inc.'s Electronic Stats Textbook
 Basic Statistics for Clinicians: A series of 4 articles published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
 Hypothesis testing.
 Interpreting study results: confidence intervals.
 Assessing the effects of treatment: measures of association.
 Correlation and regression.
 British Medical Journal's Statistics Notes. A series of short articles on the use of statistics in the medical literature.
 British Medical Journal's Topic Collections.
 BMJ Books
 British Medical Journal's Statistics at Square One. Chapters on:
 Data display and summary
 Mean and standard deviation
 Populations and samples
 Statements of probability and confidence intervals
 Differences between means: Type I and Type II errors and power
 Differences between percentages and paired alternatives
 The ttests
 The chisquared tests
 Exact probability test
 Rank score tests
 Correlation and regression
 Survival analysis
 Study design and choosing a statistical test
 Sifting the evidencewhat's wrong with significance tests? Another BMJ article.
 Statistical Methods in Cancer Research  a 4volume series published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.
 Volume I  The analysis of casecontrol studies
 Volume II  The Design and Analysis of Cohort Studies
 Volume III  The Design and Analysis of longterm animal experiments
 Volume IV  Descriptive Epidemiology
 Jerry Dallal's Little Handbook of Statistical Practice.
 John Uebersax's Statistical Methods for Rater Agreement.
This site is a resource for the analysis of agreement among raters,
diagnostic tests, observers, judges or experts. It contains background
discussion on different methods, examples, references, software, and
information on recent methodological developments.
 Technical briefs from the Analytical Methods Committee of the Royal Society of Chemistry. (I found this site when looking for information on confidence intervals for bounded parameterssee Brief number 26A.)
 Journal of Physiology Statistical Perspectives series. But note:
 Statistics for Experimental Biologists.
 Project OneSided: Setting the record straight on onesided statistical tests.
 Practice problems & tutorials on the web
 Sample questions (with answers) suitable for an intoductory statistics class. Site maintained by Carl Schwarz, Department of Statistics & Actuarial Sciences, Simon Fraser University.
 DASL: The Data and Story Library. DASL (pronounced "dazzle") is an online library of datafiles and stories
that illustrate the use of basic statistics methods. We hope to provide
data from a wide variety of topics so that statistics teachers can find
realworld examples that will be interesting to their students. Use
DASL's powerful search engine to locate the story or datafile of
interest.
 The Claremont Colleges' Web Interface for Statistics Education: Has links to tutorials, glossaries, online journals, statistics applets, discussion groups, etc.
 David Lane's practice problems. No answers provided for this set.
 Addison Wesley Longman's Internet Projects for Introductory Statistics
 John Pezzulo's links to interactive demonstrations & tutorials
 Rice Virtual Lab in Statistics. Includes an online stats book, simulations & demonstrations, case studies, and analysis tools. Thanks to David Lane for letting me know about this site.
 WISE: Web Interface for Statistics Education. Includes applets, tutorials, and so on. Looks like a nice site.

SAS tutorial
 Data archives
 Other useful websites about statistics
 Read statistical newsgroups with Google Groups. For basic information about newsgroups in general, see the Google Groups Help page.
 David Howell's Statistical Home Page. David Howell is the author of the popular textbook Statistical Methods for Psychology. Includes some additional material not in the book. Here a couple of pages I've found particularly helpful:
 Gary McClelland's homepage. Gary coauthored the book Data Analysis: A Model Comparison Approach with Charles Judd. His statistics page has lots of useful stuff about the book, data sets, practice problems, etc.
 John C. Pezzullo's StatPages.org. This site contains a wealth of useful links to calculators, notes, etc.
 Jerry Dallal's homepage. Jerry's site includes the following:
 Little Handbook of Statistical Practice
 Software page
 Randomization plans. Generators to
 randomize each subject to a single treatment by using the method of randomly permuted blocks
 create random permutations of treatments for situations where subjects are to receive all of the treatments in random order
 generate a random permutation of integers (which is useful for
selecting a sample without replacement).
 Resources from GraphPad.com:
 Basic and advanced biostatistics links. Includes links to online stats books, and recommendations for printed books.
 QuickCalcs: Online calculators for scientists.
 Resource Library: Articles and recommendations on data analysis, biostatistics and nonlinear regression.
 Robert Newcombe's page.
Robert Newcombe is a Professor of Medical Statistics in the Department of Primary Care and Public Health at Cardiff University. His research interests include:
 Confidence intervals for proportions, differences between proportions and related quantities.
 Designs for multitreatment crossover studies.
 Role of prior information in the diagnostic process.
 Michael Friendly's Statistics and Statistical Graphics Resources.
This page provides an annotated, topicbased collection of available
resources for statistics, statistical graphics, and computation related
to research, data analysis and teaching, now containing over 580 links.
 American Statistical Association website.
 Journal of Statistical Education (JSE) homepage.
 Clay Helberg's
Statistics on the Web (lots of links to other stats sites here, although some of them are old and broken)
 J. Puranen's list of links
related to Statistics Education  Online Statistical teaching material,
courses , handouts, exercises, articles, datasets, other lists of
links, etc.

St@tServ: Statistics & Data Analysis Information Server
 Steve Simon's STATS page. STATS = Steve's attempt to teach statistics. Includes Steve's FAQ page, Ask Professor Mean.
 Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics. Includes a nice section on Probability & Statistics.
 Second Moment: Applied statistics for academia and industry.
 RM Web: Website of the Research Methods Division of the Academy of Management.
 Powpow's del.icio.us statistics page.
 Alexandar J. Shackman's Quantitative Methods Resources.
 BayesianInference. From the website: "BayesianInference.com is a resource for many aspects of Bayesian inference, because Bayesian inference is the way it should be. Here you will find everything from an introduction to Bayesian inference, to informational resources, consulting services, computers and software, merchandise, forums, and much more."
 Online calculators & free programs
 Online stats calculators, and links to some online textbooks. This is a very comprehensive list.
 GraphPad QuickCalcs: Free online calculators for scientists.
 Statistics Calculators by Daniel Soper. Free calculators in 29 categories.
 QuickR. Rob Kabacoff created this website for both current R users, and experienced users of other statistical packages (e.g., SAS, SPSS, Stata) who would like to transition to R.
 G_String: A Windows wrapper for urGENOVA. G_String is an application that enables the user to easily apply Gtheory to the analysis of complex empirical data sets. It was developed and coded by Dr Ralph Bloch, with assistance from Geoff Norman, formerly Assistant Dean, The Program for Educational Research and Development, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University.
 Optimal Design Software  a software package developed by Stephen Raudenbush and colleagues to help researchers plan grouprandomized trials, also called settinglevel experiments.
 Professor Hossein Arsham's JavaScript Calculators.
 StatTools. A collection of statistical programs used in clinical research and
quality assurance.
 Power & Sample Size Calculators
 Stat Trek.
Take the drudgery out of statistical computations. Computing
probabilities, combinations, permutations, and factorials has never
been easier. Simply click on the item that you want to use. Each online
tool features clear instructions and examples; so you won't lose time
getting up to speed.
 EpiData: A free
database programme (small in size 1.2Mb) for simple or programmed data
entry and data documentation. Export of data includes value and
variable labels for Stata, SAS or SPSS.
 R at Loyalty Matrix: A site that promotes and supports the use of R, the open source data analysis & graphics software system.
 EasyReg Internaltional: Free Econometrics Software for Easy Regression Analysis, by Herman J. Bierens. Incldes the following:
 singleequation models
 multlipleequation models
 userdefined nonlinear models
 linear, logit, probit, multinomial logit, poisson, binomial
logit & probit, negative binomial logit & probit, tobit, time
series, and much more.
 WebStat is freely available data analysis software for use over the World Wide Web.
 All the data analysis tools for introductory statistics
 Easy to use, written with the novice in mind
 Step by step guidance through data analysis procedures
 A wide range of methods for importing data, even over the WWW!
 Graphics > pie charts, histograms, boxplots, scatterplots and more
 Numerics > summary statistics, ttests, regression, ANOVA and more
 Save and print results from your Web browser
 FACTOR. A free program for doing exploratory factor analysis (EFA).
 Jerry Dallal's statistical software. Includes programs for sample size calculation, and The Statistician's Swiss Army Knife.
 Alan Miller's Fortran Software.
Logistic Regression; TOMS algorithms; Special code for F and NAS
compilers; Miscellaneous other code; Applied Statistics Algorithms.
 Bill Miller's OpenStat Homepage.
Bill Miller is a retired professor of Industrial Technology who found
that a lot of students could not afford to purchase a commercial
statistics package. He decided producing a free statistics package was
a good way to keep myself entertained during his retirement.
 John Crawford's computer program page.
This page contains a series of computer programs that implement a
variety of psychometric and statistical methods for use by clinical
neuropsychologists and clinical psychologists. Includes programs for
testing the difference between independent and dependent correlations.
 G.A.S.P.  Globally Accessible Statistical Procedures. Includes data analysis procedures and educational procedures. Nice site.
 Online metric converter.
 Free software (executable or code) from the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center.
 Data linkage software.
 Febrl  freely extensible biomedical record linkage. Free software "designed to undertake probabilistic data cleaning (or standardisation)
and record linkage."
 LinkageWiz. A commercial product, but free for use with data sets containing up to 2,000 records.
 Omatrix homepage. OMatrix is a MATLABcompatible
interactive analysis and visualization tool that combines the
programming flexibility and performance of a compiled language with the
ease of use and functionality of an integrated environment. The light version of Omatrix is quite comprehensive, and completely free. I've found it useful for solving matrix algebra equations.
 John Maindonald's Web Page: Notes and datasets for R and SPlus.
 ROC analysis programs by Professor Charles Metz, from the University of Chicago Department of Radiology. You may find The magnificent ROC
website useful too. It provides a good introduction to the topic,
complete with some neat applets. Thanks to Sacha Dubois for alerting me
to this site.
 2x2 tables
 DAGStat: Diagnostic & AGreement Statistics.
This is a freely available Excel workbook, written by Andrew MacKinnon.
It provides a comprehensive range of statistics calculable from 2x2
tables that are useful in evaluating diagnostic tests and interrater
agreement.
 Online
exact tests for 2x2 contingency tables
 Jim Steiger's homepage,
where you can access course materials, download selected publications,
and download software created by Dr. Steiger and associates, including
the following programs:
 NDC  A Noncentral Distribution Calculator that performs
noncentrality interval estimation for the noncentral T, noncentral F,
and noncentral ChiSquare distributions. NDC is a standalone Windows
application.
 MULTICORR: A DOS program for testing pattern hypotheses on
correlations. Want to test whether a group of correlations are all
zero? Want to compare matrices of correlations over time? Want to test
for circumplex structure? Look no further.
 R2: A DOS program for confidence interval estimation, power
calculation, and sample size estimation for the squared multiple
correlation. You are unlikely to find these capabilities anywhere else.
 Free metaanalysis software...
 My own metaanalysis programs: Three programs that implement the procedures described by Fleiss (1993).
 David B. Wilson's metaanalysis stuff. Includes PowerPoint presentations and macros for SPSS, Stata, and Sas.
 Metaanalysis
programs by Ralf Schwarzer:
 the analysis of exact probabilities (p values) as suggested by
Rosenthal
 the analysis of effect sizes d, following the methods of either
Glass or of Hedges and Olkin
 the analysis of effect sizes r as recommended by Hunter, Schmidt, and
Jackson
 EasyMA:
Free software for metaanalysis of 2x2 tables, developed in the
Department of Clinical Pharmacology of the cardiological hospital in
Lyon, France.
 SDCalc_v4.xls:
An Excel workbook that computes the SD from either the SE of the mean,
or a confidence interval. Thanks to Sacha Dubois for providing this
handy little tool.
 Statistical addons for Excel. There are some welldocumented problems with Excel's statistical functions. Several addon stats modules are available that circmuvent some of those problems, however. Two of these are listed below.
 Analyseit.
Analyseit includes 14parametric & 17nonparametric statistical
functions including multiple linear regression analysis, ANOVA, &
chisquare statistics, plus a specialized statistical package for
clinical method evaluation & validation. Inexpensive student
versions and FREE trial versions are available.
 Rodney Carr's XLStatistics.
XLStatistics is a set of Microsoft Excel (ver 5+) workbooks for
statistical analysis of data designed to replace and enhance the tools
provided with Excel's Data Analysis Toolbox addin. The workbooks are
designed to implement a stepbystep guide to the statistical analysis
of data (this guide appears commonly as a flow chart in many texts).
The set is designed to make data analysis easy. Full version costs $30
Australian. A FREE version also available.
Last modified on 22Oct2020
Email: bweaver@lakeheadu.ca
