PLATO (Athenian [Greek] 427-347 BCE). A brief introduction to Plato, including some summaries. Here's Socrates' famous dilemma
for religious ethics: The Euthyphro dilemma: explanation and
reply. Socrates had to defend
himself in court for (among other things) challenging conventional religious
thought: The Apology. Convicted and
in prison Socrates reasoned that he should not escape: The Crito; contrast Frantz Fanon theory of
counterviolence; here's a written assignment to
help you think how to resolve the clash between Socrates and Fanon. Now
you are ready for Plato's teaching on the forms. The Phaedo is Socrates' last dialogue--on the immortality of
soul--just before he died. The Symposium explores eros
and beauty; see here also notes on the critique of Plato's concept of love by
theologian Anders Nygren, Agape and Eros. Plato's main dialogue on
justice, political order, education, psychology, goodness (the form or idea of
the good) is The Republic. Here's an epistemological adventure with the Ion.
JANET KOURANY, Notes on Philosophy of Science after Feminism.
SAMIR OKASHA, Notes on Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction