Unit 6: Industrialization and Economic Development
From the College Board: (emphasis mine)
Students learns about the geographic elements of industrialization and economic development, including past and present patterns of industrialization, types of economic sectors, and the acquisition of comparative advantage and complementarity. Students also learn how models of economic development (e.g., Rostow's stages of economic growth and Wallerstein's world-systems theory) help to explain why the world is divided into a more developed economic core and a less developed periphery with (in some cases) a semiperiphery between them.
The analysis of contemporary patterns of industrialization and their impact on development is another important focus. Students use measures of development (e.g., gross domestic product and the Human Development Index [HDI]) as tools to understand patterns of economic differences. Additional topics to be studied included Weber's industrial location theory and accounts of economic globalization, which accent time-space compression and the new international division of labor. For example, students analyze the reasons why some Asian economies achieved rapid rates of growth in the mid- to late 20th century, whereas the economies o most countries south fo the Sahara did not.
Students also examine the ways in which countries, regions, and communities must confront new patterns of economic inequality that are linked to geographies of interdependence in the world economy. Relevant topics include the global financial crisis, the shift in manufacturing to newly industrialized countries (NICs), imbalances in consumption patterns, the roles of women in the labor force, energy use, the conservation of resources, and the impact of pollution on the environment and quality of life.